Chapter 15 Vocab Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Vocab Part 2 Deck (26):
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Terror-management theory

Proposes that faith in one's worldview and the pursuit of self-esteem provide protection against a deeply rooted fear of death

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Humanistic Perspective

Focuses on the role of healthy growth potential

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Abraham Maslow

Self-actualization; belief that we all have the ability to reach our full potential

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Self-actualization

According to Maslow, the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential

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Carl Rogers

Believed that in order for self-actualization to occur; genuineness, acceptance, and empathy are required

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Unconditional Positive Regard

According to Rogers, an attitude of total acceptance toward another person

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Self-Concept

All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "who am I"

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Trait Perspective

Explains personality in terms of biology; a lo to four personality is predetermined. Characteristics that we are born with

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Traits

A characteristic pattern of behavior or disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports

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Gordon Allport

Came to define personality in terms of identifiable behaviors patterns; less concerned explaining traits than with identifying them

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Factor Analysis

Statistical procedure used to identify clusters of traits that go together

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Personality Inventories

A questionnaire on which people people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits

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MMPI

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory; the st widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. Originally developed to identify emotional disorders, this test is now used for many other screening purposes

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Empirically Derived

A test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups

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The big five

OCEAN, CANOE
personality factors: conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, extroversion

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Social-Cognitive Perspective

Views behavior as influenced by the interaction between persons and their social context

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Reciprocal Determinism

The interacting influences between personality and environmental factors

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Personal Control

Our sense of controlling our environment rather than feeling helpless

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External Locus of control

The perception that chance or outside forces beyond ones personal control determine ones fate

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Internal Locus of control

The perception that one controls one's own fate

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Martin Seligman

Theory of learned helplessness and and positive psychology

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Learned Helplessness

The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events

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Positive Psychology

The scientific study of optimal human functioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive

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Spotlight effect

Overestimating others' noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders

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Self-esteem

Ones feelings of high or low self-worth

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Self-serving bias

A readiness to perceive oneself favorably