Chapter 14 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Vocab Deck (19):
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Behavioral Medicine

An interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge to health and disease

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Health Psychology

A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

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Stress

The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging

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Glucocorticoid

?

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Cortisol

??

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Hans Selye

???

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General Adaptation Syndrome

Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages- alarm, resistance, and exhaustion

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Coronary Heart Disease

The clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries

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Type A

Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people

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Type B

Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing relaxed people

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Psychophysiological Illnesses

Literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches

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Lymphocytes

The two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system; B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; T lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances

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Macrophage

????

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Cope

Alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods

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Problem-focused coping

Attempting to alleviate stress directly- by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor

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Emotion-focused coping

Attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction

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Aerobic exercise

Sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety

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Biofeedback

A system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension

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Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Unproven health care treatments not taught widely in medical schools, not used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by insurance companies