Flashcards in Fat Soluble Vitamins Deck (12):
What are some things that VIt A is used to treat?
AML subtype M3
What happens w/ a deficiency of Vit A?
dry scaly skin
corneal degeneration (keratomalacia)
bitot spots (silvery plaques) of conjunctiva
What would toxicity of VIt A cause?
acute: N/V, blurred vision, vertigo
chronic: alopecia, dry skin
increased ICP (pseudo tumor cerebra)
What are the ways that you can get Vit D?
D3 (milk that is fortified, skin w/ UV)
What is the storage form of VItD? Active form?
Storage form--liver. 25-OHD3 Calcidiol (measure)
Active form--kidney. 1,25 OH D3. Calcitriol
Rickets and osteomalacia is due to a deficiency of what?
What are some causes of VIt D toxicity?
sarcoidosis and other granulomatous diseases. Epitheloid macrophages active Vit D.
What are supplements that infants need ?
Need VIt D supplementation if only breastfed
Need injection Vit K after birth to avoid hemorrhagic disease of the newborn
What is VitE?
antioxidant found in RBCs
What does deficiency of Vit E look like?
similar to Vit B12 deficiency
ataxia (spinocerebellar tract demyelination)
What is VIt K important for? How is it activated?
activated by intestinal flora
Disco started in 1972. Important for Protein C,S Factors 2, 7, 9, 10