Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (17):
What do they think causes SIDS? Which age group is it most common in?
sudden infant death syndrome
2-4 month olds
think due to airway obstruction, usu occurs while sleeping
What are some risk factors for SIDS?
prone sleeping position
What are some protective factors against SIDS?
pacifier use while sleeping
fan in the room
sleeping supine in a crib w/ no blankets
Give some kinda unfamiliar cancers common in children.
neuroblastoma (neural crest cells, often found in adrenal gland)
Describe the gross motor milestones for 3 months->5 years.
3 mo: roll over
6 mo: sit up
12 mo: walk and stand
15 mo: walk backward, run
18 mo: climb stairs, kick a ball
2 yr: jump up
3 yr: jump forward, ride tricycle
4 yr: hop on one foot
5 yr: tie shoes
Describe the fine motor milestones for 3 mo-->5 years.
3 mo: hands together
6 mo: transfer cube from one hand to other
12 mo: put block in cup
15 mo: 2 cube tower
18 mo: 4 cube tower
2 yrs: 6 cube tower
3 yrs: copy circle or dash
4 yrs: copy + or draw stick
5 yrs: copy triangle and square
What are the verbal/cognitive milestones for 3 mo-->5 years?
3 mo: laugh, squeal
6 mo: single syllables
9 mo: object permanence, peek a boo
12 mo: 1-3 words
15 mo: 6 words
18 mo: combine words
2 yrs: half understandable
3 yrs: understandable
5 yrs: identify colors and coins, count to 5
What are the social/self care milestones from 3 mo-->5 years?
6 mo: self feed
12 mo: drinks from cup
15 mo: fork and spoon
18 mo: brush teeth w/ help
2 yrs: wash and dry hands
3 yrs: bowl cereal, brush teeth, dress themselves, board games
4 yrs: button clothes
When do you have stranger anxiety?
When do you have separation anxiety?
When do you recognize gender identity and begin toilet training?
When do you have magical thinking?
When do you begin rational logical thinking about consequences, making yourself safer?
When do you think the opposite gender is yucky?
Describe the tanner stages for boys.
2-enlargement of scrotum and testes
3-enlargement of penis length
4-enlargement of penis breadth
When are boys in tanner stage 2 w/ testes and scrotum enlargement? When do they reach their growth spurt?
stage 2-12 yo
growth spurt 14-15 yo