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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (17):
1

What do they think causes SIDS? Which age group is it most common in?

sudden infant death syndrome
2-4 month olds
think due to airway obstruction, usu occurs while sleeping

2

What are some risk factors for SIDS?

co-sleeping
prone sleeping position
smoke exposure

3

What are some protective factors against SIDS?

pacifier use while sleeping
fan in the room
breastfeeding
sleeping supine in a crib w/ no blankets

4

Give some kinda unfamiliar cancers common in children.

ALL
neuroblastoma (neural crest cells, often found in adrenal gland)
hemangioma
hepatoblastoma

5

Describe the gross motor milestones for 3 months->5 years.

3 mo: roll over
6 mo: sit up
9mo: crawl
12 mo: walk and stand
15 mo: walk backward, run
18 mo: climb stairs, kick a ball
2 yr: jump up
3 yr: jump forward, ride tricycle
4 yr: hop on one foot
5 yr: tie shoes

6

Describe the fine motor milestones for 3 mo-->5 years.

3 mo: hands together
6 mo: transfer cube from one hand to other
12 mo: put block in cup
15 mo: 2 cube tower
18 mo: 4 cube tower
2 yrs: 6 cube tower
3 yrs: copy circle or dash
4 yrs: copy + or draw stick
5 yrs: copy triangle and square

7

What are the verbal/cognitive milestones for 3 mo-->5 years?

3 mo: laugh, squeal
6 mo: single syllables
9 mo: object permanence, peek a boo
12 mo: 1-3 words
15 mo: 6 words
18 mo: combine words
2 yrs: half understandable
3 yrs: understandable
5 yrs: identify colors and coins, count to 5

8

What are the social/self care milestones from 3 mo-->5 years?

6 mo: self feed
12 mo: drinks from cup
15 mo: fork and spoon
18 mo: brush teeth w/ help
2 yrs: wash and dry hands
3 yrs: bowl cereal, brush teeth, dress themselves, board games
4 yrs: button clothes

9

When do you have stranger anxiety?

6-12 mo

10

When do you have separation anxiety?

12-15 mo

11

When do you recognize gender identity and begin toilet training?

2-3 yo

12

When do you have magical thinking?

4 yo

13

When do you begin rational logical thinking about consequences, making yourself safer?

6 yo

14

When do you think the opposite gender is yucky?

6-11 yo

15

Describe the tanner stages for boys.

1-prepuberty
2-enlargement of scrotum and testes
3-enlargement of penis length
4-enlargement of penis breadth
5-adult

16

When are boys in tanner stage 2 w/ testes and scrotum enlargement? When do they reach their growth spurt?

stage 2-12 yo
growth spurt 14-15 yo

17

At which tanner stage do you start to see darker more curly pubic hair?

stage 3