pediatrics Flashcards Preview

DIT topics > pediatrics > Flashcards

Flashcards in pediatrics Deck (10):
1

1 and 5 minutes after delivery
0-10 scale
APGAR:
Appearance: color (0 = cyanotic, 1 = acrocyanosis = blue hands or feet with pink body, 2 = pink )
Pulse (0 = absent, 1 = 100)
Grimace (0 = no response to stimulation, 2 = cry, pull away from stimulus)
Activity (0 = limp, floppy, 2 = flexed arms/legs/resistance)
Respiration (0 = absent, 1 = gasping, 2 = crying)

apgar scar (4 star)

2

most common cause of meningitis in neonates

GBS
E.coli
Listeria

3

most common cause of pneumonia in neonates

GBS
E.coli

4

empiric treatment for neonate with any kind infection

ampicilin + gentamicin

5

low birth weight for neonate

6

complications of low birth weight

infection + sepsis
neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
necrotizing enterocolitis
intraventricular hemorrhages
persistent fetal circulation
SIDS

7

2-4 mo old (increased risk up to 4 mo, then decreases)
infant is sleeping
maternal risk factors: low SES, age

sudden infant death syndrome

8

prevention of SIDS

"back to sleep"
avoid co-sleeping + smoke exposure
breastfeeding
use pacifer when sleeping
fan in room

9

cause of SIDS

airway obstruction:
external (pillow)
internal (floppy airways, mucus)
↑CO2: doesn't respond or isn't able to respond → no change in position or alteration of breathing

10

no parental consent required when treating a minor

1) emancipated minor: >16 yo, has job, carrying for own offspring, serving in armed services
2) treatment of STD
3) treatment of pregnancy (except abortion)
4) treatment of drug addiction/dependency
5) treatment of child of a minor
6) prescribing birth control in clinic (not school)
7) emergency situations

Decks in DIT topics Class (115):