Flashcards in St Chpt 6 Deck (46):
_______ presents the ultimate challenge to the fire officer .
Firefighter safety is a critical component of the ______.
Life safety priority
If a fire cannot be extinguished immediately building features such as _______ can aid in extending the time available for evacuation by providing a barrier between the victims and the fire.
Fire doors and fire walls
The ______ should not be included in the staffing needed for rescue and evacuation.
First in engine crew
Is done to relieve the products of combustion, allowing firefighters to advance on the fire.
When _______, the principle is to pull the fire, heat, smoke, and toxic gases away from the victims, stairs, and other egress routes
Venting for life safety purposes
A common life safety venting tactic involves opening a _____ at the top of a stairway
In making openings for ventilation, it is important to consider the fact that the fire and heated gases will naturally move ________.
Upward, horizontally, and then downward
Occupants should be rescued by the safest, shortest, easiest, and most direct route. Victims who are in danger above or below grade level should be evacuated by using the ______ whenever possible.
A _______ Is often used an occupancies such as high-rise buildings and healthcare facilities where occupants are moved away from the fire area or protected in place while remaining in the structure
Defend in place concept
_______ are preferred over all other means of egress from upper floors when they are tenable.
The safest and easiest way to move occupants is by using the _____, which are intended for that purpose
However, when properly maintained, they are the second best option. If the ______ is structurally sound, it is preferred over methods other than the interior stairway.
Following interior stairs and fire escapes, the next rescue preference is for_________.
Aerial ladders or elevated platforms
___________ Follow aerials and elevated platforms on the rescue preference list
Went two or three firefighters 10 quickly access the second or third floor,_________ May be the best option
If an elevator is remote and separated from the fire area with an Auxiliary power supply, using it for rescue purposes, especially to evacuate immobile occupants,__________.
Maybe the best tactic
This rescue method is a tactic of near last resort
Fires with a significant life safety challenge reinforce the need to build a command structure from the very start of the incident so that a systematic search and rescue operation can be made without______.
Duplication of effort
Use chalk or another medium to mark an “—
A _____ denotes that the search is underway in that compartment
An ______ on a door leading to a floor or opposite the elevator indicates that the entire floor has been searched.
The most difficult victim to rescue is one who been felled by _____ in unknown location
Smoke heat or gases
The time available until the structure becomes untenable Will vary depending on the numerous building factors, as well as the building fuel load
The fire resistive building allows firefighters or occupants to confine the fire by using built-in features such as
A _______ In particular can contain a fire for a significant period of time or keep fire from extending to an exposed area
Whenever possible, firefighters working in multistory buildings should survey an ________ before ascending to the fire floor or floors above.
________ indicate areas that are most likely common areas living or family rooms, whereas bedrooms tend to have smaller windows
The key to successful search operations is to be
The ______ is a quick but thorough search of the area.
If conditions and resources permit, a ______ should be conducted as soon as the primary search is complete.
To ensure complete coverage during the secondary search, good practice dictates using a ______.
For most fire incidents, medical units should be set up at one or more designated locations within the ______ or beyond
Mass casualty situations are the result of specific incidents, such as ____________.
Transportation accidents, hazardous materials releases, or natural disasters.
Is the first medical priority in managing a medical disaster.
When the number and or condition of the victims approach mass casualty status, separate staffing of a ______is essential
Each fire department must develop SOP based on local conditions and resources. Throughout most of the United states, crews, units, or companies are Assembled according to_______.
Apparatus type and function
Many different tasks are required on the fire ground; therefore, a _________ Is a common practice
Division of labor
This _________ concept is important. without the preassignment of general duties, actions are delayed and/or duplicated
Division of labor
The direct rescue of occupants is not the only way to save lives in a structure fire. ______ are also used to accomplish this most important mission.
Fire suppression and ventilation
Determine the probability of ______ is a major factor in life safety decisions
A common tactical error is prioritizing victims according to
Occupants who are still inside the building may be in grave danger, and it may be best to rescue people who are at windows via ______ after the fire is under control or extinguished
Close coordination of venting means that the hoseline is ready to quickly overcome the
Increase in combustion that will likely occur
When searching a large building with many rooms, a ____ is highly recommended