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Flashcards in St Chpt 6 Deck (46):
1

_______ presents the ultimate challenge to the fire officer .

Life safety

2

Firefighter safety is a critical component of the ______.

Life safety priority

3

If a fire cannot be extinguished immediately building features such as _______ can aid in extending the time available for evacuation by providing a barrier between the victims and the fire.

Fire doors and fire walls

4

The ______ should not be included in the staffing needed for rescue and evacuation.

First in engine crew

5

Is done to relieve the products of combustion, allowing firefighters to advance on the fire.

Ventilation

6

When _______, the principle is to pull the fire, heat, smoke, and toxic gases away from the victims, stairs, and other egress routes

Venting for life safety purposes

7

A common life safety venting tactic involves opening a _____ at the top of a stairway

Scuttle

8

In making openings for ventilation, it is important to consider the fact that the fire and heated gases will naturally move ________.

Upward, horizontally, and then downward

9

Occupants should be rescued by the safest, shortest, easiest, and most direct route. Victims who are in danger above or below grade level should be evacuated by using the ______ whenever possible.

Interior stairways

10

A _______ Is often used an occupancies such as high-rise buildings and healthcare facilities where occupants are moved away from the fire area or protected in place while remaining in the structure

Defend in place concept

11

_______ are preferred over all other means of egress from upper floors when they are tenable.

Interior stairs

12

The safest and easiest way to move occupants is by using the _____, which are intended for that purpose

Stairs

13

However, when properly maintained, they are the second best option. If the ______ is structurally sound, it is preferred over methods other than the interior stairway.

fire escape

14

Following interior stairs and fire escapes, the next rescue preference is for_________.

Aerial ladders or elevated platforms

15

___________ Follow aerials and elevated platforms on the rescue preference list

Ground ladders

16

Went two or three firefighters 10 quickly access the second or third floor,_________ May be the best option

Ground ladders

17

If an elevator is remote and separated from the fire area with an Auxiliary power supply, using it for rescue purposes, especially to evacuate immobile occupants,__________.

Maybe the best tactic

18

This rescue method is a tactic of near last resort

Rope rescue

19

Fires with a significant life safety challenge reinforce the need to build a command structure from the very start of the incident so that a systematic search and rescue operation can be made without______.

Duplication of effort

20

Use chalk or another medium to mark an “—

X

21

A _____ denotes that the search is underway in that compartment

Half X

22

An ______ on a door leading to a floor or opposite the elevator indicates that the entire floor has been searched.

X

23

The most difficult victim to rescue is one who been felled by _____ in unknown location

Smoke heat or gases

24

The time available until the structure becomes untenable Will vary depending on the numerous building factors, as well as the building fuel load

Critical time

25

The fire resistive building allows firefighters or occupants to confine the fire by using built-in features such as

Fire doors

26

A _______ In particular can contain a fire for a significant period of time or keep fire from extending to an exposed area

Fire door

27

Whenever possible, firefighters working in multistory buildings should survey an ________ before ascending to the fire floor or floors above.

Uninvolved floor

28

________ indicate areas that are most likely common areas living or family rooms, whereas bedrooms tend to have smaller windows

Large windows

29

The key to successful search operations is to be

Systematic

30

The ______ is a quick but thorough search of the area.

Primary search

31

If conditions and resources permit, a ______ should be conducted as soon as the primary search is complete.

Secondary

32

To ensure complete coverage during the secondary search, good practice dictates using a ______.

Different crew

33

For most fire incidents, medical units should be set up at one or more designated locations within the ______ or beyond

Cold zone

34

Mass casualty situations are the result of specific incidents, such as ____________.

Transportation accidents, hazardous materials releases, or natural disasters.

35

Is the first medical priority in managing a medical disaster.

Triage

36

When the number and or condition of the victims approach mass casualty status, separate staffing of a ______is essential

Medical branch

37

Each fire department must develop SOP based on local conditions and resources. Throughout most of the United states, crews, units, or companies are Assembled according to_______.

Apparatus type and function

38

Many different tasks are required on the fire ground; therefore, a _________ Is a common practice

Division of labor

39

This _________ concept is important. without the preassignment of general duties, actions are delayed and/or duplicated

Division of labor

40

The direct rescue of occupants is not the only way to save lives in a structure fire. ______ are also used to accomplish this most important mission.

Fire suppression and ventilation

41

Determine the probability of ______ is a major factor in life safety decisions

Extinguishment

42

A common tactical error is prioritizing victims according to

Visibility

43

Occupants who are still inside the building may be in grave danger, and it may be best to rescue people who are at windows via ______ after the fire is under control or extinguished

Interior stairs

44

Close coordination of venting means that the hoseline is ready to quickly overcome the

Increase in combustion that will likely occur

45

When searching a large building with many rooms, a ____ is highly recommended

Marking system

46

The size of the area to be searched and evacuated and the location of stairways, halls, and fire escapes are key factors in organizing the

Search effort