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Flashcards in Pump Ops Chpt 9 Deck (91):

Although no longer used as high capacity pumps, some are still in service for high pressure stream fire fighting. These multi cylinder pro driven pumps can provide pressures up to 1000 psi for high pressure fog lines, or to inject foam concentrate into water line or manifold at higher pressure than the water is creating.

Piston pumps


From a stand point of design, Rotary type pumps are the simplest of all fire apparatus pumps

Rotary pumps


Rotary gear pumps consist of two gears that rotate in a tightly meshed pattern inside a water tight case

Rotary gear pumps


Are constructed with moveable elements that automatically compensate for wear, maintaining a tighter fit with closer clearances as the pump is used.

Rotary vane pumps


In a ________, the rotor is mounted off center inside the housing. The distance between the rotor and the housing is much greater at the intake than at the discharge

Rotary vane pump


Nearly all modern fire apparatus feature a _____ as their main pump. This pump is classified as a nonpostive displacement as it does not pump a definite amount of water with each revolution.

Centrifugal pump


The operation of a ______ is based on the principle that a rapidly revolving disk tends to throw water introduced at its center toward the outer edges of the disk.

Centrifugal pump


The_________ acts as a disk receiving its water through the eye in its center.



The _______ transmits energy in the form of velocity to the the water.



The ______ houses the impeller assembly, collects the water, and confines it in order to convert the velocity to pressure

Pump casing


The off center mounting of the impeller within the casing creates a water passage of gradually increasing size as it nears the discharge outlet of the pump. This section of the pump is called the _______.



Pumps used in the fire service constructed with a single impeller are referred to as a ________.

Single stage centrifugal pumps


These may consist of front mount pumps, power takeoff, auxiliary engine driven, and midship pumps they use a single intake impeller and a simple casing to provide flow capacities up to 2,250 gpm(9000L/min).

Single stage centrifugal pumps


To minimize the lateral thrust of large quantities of water entering the eye of the impeller, a ________ may be used. The _______ takes the water in from both sides; the reaction of each side being equal and opposite cancels out the lateral thrust.

Double-suction impeller


_____ have an impeller for each stage mounted in a single housing

Multistage centrifugal pump


If a two stage pump is rated at 1000 psi, each impeller supplies ______ to the pump discharge manifold. At that point, the two streams combine to create 1000 gpm available to the the discharges at a net pressure of 150 psi.

500 psi


When the transfer valve is set in the _______, all the water from the intake manifold is directed into the eye of the first impeller.

Pressure position


Setting the transfer valve to ______ greatly increases the maximum pressure that may be attained; however, increasing the pressure results in a corresponding loss in volume.

Series (pressure)


The process of switching between pressure and volume is sometimes referred to as "________."



If there is any question as to the correct position for the transfer valve, it is best to operate in ________ rather than series (pressure).

Parallel (volume)


In the _______, the pump will be capable of supplying 100 percent of its rated capacity at 150 psi at 10 feet of lift with 20 feet of suction hose while drafting.

Parallel mode


Newer pumps use a _______. This valve may be activated by electricity, air pressure, or by water pressure itself. Many ______ operate at pressures as high as 200 psi.

Power operated transfer valve


Are essential to the operation of a multistage pump. Should a valve stick open or closed, or be hampered by debris, the pump will not operate.

Clapper check valves


The pressure in the Volute is much higher than that in the intake side of the pump at the eye of the impeller. A very close tolerance must be maintained between the pump casing and the hub of the impeller. This opening is usually limited to _____ or less.

.01 inch (0.25)


To restore the pumping capacity without replacing the entire pump, _____ or clearance rings in the pump casing may be replaced to maintain the preferred spacing between the hub of the impeller and the pump casing.

Wear rings


The most common type of seal packing material is composed of rope fibers impregnated with ______ or ____.

Graphite or lead


Pumps powered by gasoline or Diesel engines independent of the vehicle drive engine are examples of ______.

Auxiliary pumps


Mechanism that allows a vehicle engine to power equipment such as a pump, winch, or portable tool; it is typically attached to the transmission

PTO power takeoff drive


I the past, conventional PTO units were limited to pouring pumps up to approximately 500 gpm. However, some manufacturing now provide full torque_____ that allow for the installation of pumps as large as 1,250 gpm.

Full torque power takeoffs PTOs


To use a ______, the chassis should have a front of engine PTO option that provides a coupling to the front of the crankshaft.

Front-mount pump


The driver/operator may check to see that the transmission is in the correct gear by observing the speedometer reading after the pump is engaged. With the engine idling and the pump engaged, most speedometers will indicate between ____ to ____.

10 to 15 mph


The piping system and the fire pump itself must be capable of withstanding a ______ before being paced into service.

Hydrostatic test of 500 psi


According to NFPA 1901 pumpers with a capacity of 500 gpm or less should have piping capable of flowing ______. Pumpers with a capacity greater than 500 gpm should be able to flow at least _____.

250 gpm

500 gpm


A minimum of _____ piping, valves, and elbows must be used to supply discharges where 11/2-, 13/4-, or 2-inch handlines are attached .

2 inch


All valves should be designed and maintained so that they are easily operable at pressures of unto ______.

250 psi


According to NFPA 1901, apparatus equipped with tanks of less than 1000 gallons must have a tank fill line of at least_____ in diameter.

1 inch


Tanks greater than 1000 gallons must be provided with at least a _______ tank fill line.

2 inch


The most common type of valve is the ____ that permits the full flow of water through a line with a minimum friction loss.

Ball type valve


Are most commonly operated by a hand wheel

Gate valves


NFPA 1901 requires some type of pressure control device to be part of any fire apparatus pumping system. This device must operate within _____ to ____ seconds after discharge pressure rises and restricts the pressure from exceeding 30 psi above the set level.

3 to 10 seconds


Although there are several types available, the most common relief valve uses a _________.

Spring-controlled valve


Is designed to regulate the engine speed to match the pump discharge requirements.

Pressure governor


The electronic governor also features ________ protection by returning the engine to idle when the intake pressure drops below 30 psi. These governors are accurate and quick to respond, eliminating the need for a discharge pressure relief valve.



These devices are constructed of materials that do not require lubrication; therefore, oil is not required in the priming process. ______ may slo be installed into an older apparatus as an environmentally friendly initiative.

Oil-less primers


Are generally found on skid mounted pumps or older fire apparatus. This type of primer uses the same principle as a foam eductor. Exhaust gases from the vehicles engine are prevented from escaping to the atmosphere by an exhaust deflector. These gases are diverted to a chamber where their passing velocity creates a vacuum

Exhaust primers


The ______ is a simple device that makes use of the vacuum already present in the intake manifold of any gasoline-driven engine.

Vacuum primer


An air priming system uses the compressor to supply an airline to a jet pump that creates a _______ that primes the pump using no mov g parts or lubricants

Venturi effect


The ____ is connected to the intake side of the pump and measures either positive pressure or a vacuum.

Master intake gauge


This gauge is usually calibrated from ___ to ___ psi of positive pressure and from ___ to ____ inches of mercury on the negative side.

O to 600 psi

0 to 30 inches


When the vacuum reading is approaching ____, the pump is nearing its capacity and is not able to supply additional lines

20 inches


The _____ displays the engine speed in revolutions per minute



The _______ displays the temperature of the coolant in the engine that powers the fire pump

Pumping engine plant temperature indicator


The pump operators' panel may be equipped with an audible or visual indicator that warns the driver/operator when the pump will overheat.

Pump overheat indicator


The _____ provides a relative indication of the battery condition



Indicates the status of the vehicles alternator and charging system



Pump pressure indicators, commonly called ______, may be connected to the individual discharge outlets of the fire pump. These gauges must be connected to the outlet side of the discharge valve so that the pressure being reported is the pressure actually supplied to the hose lines after the valve

Discharge gauges


This device is use to increase or decrease the speed of the engine that powers the fire pump. An increase or decrease in engine speed will allow the driver/operator to control the amount of pressure that the fire pump supplies to the discharge

Pumping engine throttle


The ______ is used to operate the priming device when the pump will draft from a static water supply

Primer control


This device displays the quantity of water held in the onboard water tank, allowing the driver/operator to anticipate the length of time attack hose lines may be operated until an external water source is needed

Water tank level indicator


Is inserted into one of the hoses used in the engine cooling system so that the engine coolant must travel through it as it circulates through the system. The cooler features a number of small tubes surrounded by a water jacket that is connected to the discharge of the fire pump.

Marine cooler


In the _______, the water supplied by the fire pump passes through a coil or tubing mounted inside the cooler so that it is immersed in the coolant.

Immersion system


Are becoming an increasingly more popular method of priming pumps on modern fire apparatus

Air primers


This device is used to increase or decrease the speed of the engine that powers the fire pump. An increase or decrease in engine speed will allow the driver/operator to control the amount of pressure that the fire pump supplies to the discharge. There are several types of throttles available,including a throttle knob called a ______,that can be turned clockwise or counter clockwise to achieve required pressure



Operate using a small piston that moves back and fourth in a cylinder

Piston pumps


Most of the rotary pumps in use today are either

Rotary gear or rotary vane construction


This is one of the most common types of pumps used to prime a centrifugal fire pump

Rotary vane pumps


Nearly all modern fire apparatus feature a ______ as their main pump

Centrifugal pump


Three main factors influence a centrifugal fire pump discharge pressure

Amount of water being discharged

Speed at which the impeller is turning

Pressure of water when it enters the pump from a pressurized source


Any ______ on the fireground must be carefully coordinated with attack crews so that they will be prepared for a slight interruption during transfer



Newer model centrifugal pumps may be equipped with a ______ that opens to allow overheated water to circulate between the pump and the main tank or into the atmosphere

Thermal relief valve


Heat develops by friction where the packing rings come into to contact with the shaft. In order to overcome this a spacer, known as a _______ is supplied with the packing to provide cooling

Lantern or slinger ring


Are most common to initial attack, wild land, or mobile water supply applications

PTO driven fire pumps


In order to minimize pressure loss within the apparatus, all hoses and piping must be designed to

Run as straight as possible with a minimum number of bends or turns


On pumps not equipped with a ______ the tank fill line can be used in conjunction with the tank to pump valve to circulate water through the pump to prevent overheating when no water is flowing

Thermal relief valve


Some pumps are equipped with a ______ that serves the same function as a circulator valve by diverting a portion of the discharge water into the tank

Booster line cooling valve bypass valve


The most common actuators for ball type valves are either

Push pull handles or quarter turn handles


Are most commonly operated by quarter turn handles

Butterfly valves


NFPA 1901 requires that all intakes or discharges that are 3 inches or greater be equipped with

Slow acting valves


It is generally recommended that the intake relief valves be set to open when the intake pressure rises more than _____ above the necessary operating pressure

10 psi


Intake relief valves are intended to reduce the possibility of damage to the pump and discharge hoselines caused by _____ when valves or nozzles are closed too quickly

Water hammer


A _____ is needed to create the vacuum that makes drafting possible

Priming device


Most modern pumpers use

Positive displacement primers


Although some apparatus feature primers that are driven off the transfer case of the transmission, an ______ is the most popular means of powering rotary vane priming pumps as they may be operated efficiently regardless of engine speed

Electric motor


Because the oil reservoir for the priming pump is often mounted higher than the pump itself, a ______ is provided to break the siphon action as the tank drains

Vent hole


The operator manual supplied by the fire pump manufacturer should specify the preferred engine speed for priming but, in general, the range is between

1000 to 1200 rpm


Most new pumpers are equipped with

Oil less primers


Because engine vacuum is greatest at near idle speed, the primer works best at low engine rpm

Vacuum primers


Are becoming an increasingly more popular method of priming pumps on modern fire apparatus

Air primers


An _____ uses the compressor to supply an airline to a jet pump that creates a Venturi effect that primes the pump using no moving parts or lubricants

Air priming system


During _____, the rpm required to pump the rated capacity is determined and the information is recorded on an identification plate on the pump panel

Acceptance testing


The primary function of an ________ is to control the temperature coolant in the apparatus engine during pumping operations.

Auxiliary coolant system