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Flashcards in St Chpt 11 Deck (81):
1

As part of the size up process, the incident commander must consider the buildings ________ .

Occupancy type

2

Firefighters working at a store or office occupancy fire ____ more likely to be killed than when working at a residential fire.

5 1/2 times

3

Is a measure of the number of people in a given area.

Occupant density

4

Usually state occupant density as the number of square feet per person

Codes

5

In some assembly occupancies, the maximum density is ____ per person

7ft

6

If the area is not posted, a rough approximation of the number of people who could safely occupy an area can be determined by dividing the area in ft by the _______

Occupant density factor

7

Colleges are technically categorized as business occupancies when classrooms accommodate less than ______ and as assembly occupancies when the room accommodates ____ or more students.

50

8

As an occupancy used for the gathering of 50 or more persons for deliberation, worship, entertainment, eating, drinking, amusement, awaiting transportation, or similar uses or used as a special amusement building, regardless of occupant load.

Assembly occupancy

9

The primary challenge in managing an incident in an occupied assembly building is removing people to the outside or to place of ______

Safe refuge

10

Fires in places of assembly are fairly rare, accounting for approximately ____ of all structure fires, but the potential for a large loss of life fire in these buildings requires pre incident planning and special tactical considerations

3%

11

Bell towers typically contain large, heavy bells That are higher than the church and present a potential

Collapse hazard

12

Older Gothic style churches typically have large timbers supporting the roof structure whereas modern churches often have_______

Truss roof structures

13

Large church fire usually dictate a defense of operation and often result in

Full or partial collapse

14

Is it common problem in eating and drinking establishments

Overcrowding

15

As mentioned previous; ________, the second tactical priority, often is the most effective means of accomplishing the top tactical priority of life safety

Extinguishment

16

Occupant density maximums are ____ per person in elementary and High school classrooms

20 ft

17

Evacuating trapped victims through the _____ is typically the most effective and safest option

Interior stairs

18

Establishing an ________ that ensures complete evacuation and accounting for all students, teachers, and staff is essential

Occupant accountability system

19

Are required in all kindergarten through 12th grade schools

Fire drills

20

A basketball court or auditorium will likely be classified as an ______ within the educational occupancy

Assembly occupancy

21

Any college classroom with ____ or more students is considered an assembly occupancy

50

22

Is a major concern in hospitals and nursing homes

Mobility

23

Moving people on beds with life support equipment is difficult, to say the least; therefore, the _______ is the preferred option

Defend in place strategy

24

Most ares of the untied states now have codes requiring ______ in nursing homes, a trend that has greatly reduced the number of large loss of life fires in health care facilities

Sprinklers

25

When properly installed and operating sprinkler system is in place, fires are generally limited to one room, and the primary tactic is to move patients out of smoky areas to places of _____

Safe refuge

26

If the nursing home is not sprinkler protected or the sprinkler system is not operating properly, use _____ to contain the fire whenever possible.

Fire doors

27

Moving patients out of harms way is the primary tactic, but extinguishment is essential to defend the place of ______

Safe refuge

28

Staffing will generally be less at a _______ and there may not be places of safe refuge where a defend in place strategy can be implemented

Limited care facility

29

Many apartment buildings rent exclusively to elderly occupants. These buildings will be classified as a _______ and have less stringent fire protection code requirements

Residential occupancy

30

Most fires, most fatal fires, and most property loss occur in ______.

Residential fires

31

In ______ the hours when residents are sleeping are the most dangerous

Residential occupancies

32

Many high rise buildings are now constructed for use by senior citizens and family living. Expect to find many people through out the structure in need of assistance, including the possibility of the

Convergence cluster phenomenon

33

Many guests attempted to use stairs to exit the building but encountered smoke as they descended. They then sought refuge in a room other than their own. This resulted in several people being in a single room, rather than the expected one to five guests per room.

Convergence cluster phenomenon

34

The _______ should reinforce the importance of conducting a complete, systematic search

Convergence cluster phenomenon

35

Whenever it is safe to conduct an offensive attack, a primary and secondary search should be conducted, unless there is a ______ and ______ report that everyone escaped

Credible and verifiable

36

When the fire occurs at night, the primary search should normally begin in

Bedrooms

37

As is most often the case, _______ is usually the best way to achieve the life safety objective

Extinguishment

38

Further, _____ is a leading cause of fire in student housing; therefore, a heavily involved fire with multiple victims is not uncommon

Arson

39

Is typically the largest problem facing fire forces in mercantile occupancies, but don’t be misled; the danger to life safety may be substantial.

Property loss

40

________ is a major issue in all mercantile occupancies where high dollar inventories are common and many items are extremely sensitive to smoke and water damage

Property conservation

41

Occupant density can be as high as one person per 100 ft which is considerably less crowded than most places of assembly but more densely populated than many other occupancies

Business occupancy

42

Occupant density is generally low in _______, especially the automated warehouse

Storage facilities

43

The risk of a fast moving fire or explosion may be high within the _____, which could have an immense fuel load.

Storage occupancy

44

Most one story ______ are of non combustible construction with metal truss roof structures

Modern warehouses

45

Firefighters are more likely to be killed in these large commercial structures than in residential fires, but the danger increases exponentially in ________ where the firefighter fatality rate is much greater than in the typical home fire.

Large vacant buildings

46

Only an extra ____is capable of handling a fire in large quantities of wooden pallets

Extra hazard sprinkler system

47

Should be used when dealing with extra hazard storage

Sprinkler system calculations

48

When calculating rate of flow And developing pre-incident plans, remember that in many cases the fire will be limited to a

Small area within a very large building

49

One of the most common risk management measures involves installation of _________

Suppression systems or built in fire protection

50

Often include an accountability process that can assist the ic In facilitating an orderly evacuation and accounting for plant personnel

Emergency action plans

51

The occupant density is usually higher in an ________ as compared to a storage facility

Industrial occupancy facility

52

Are notable because they tend to cause a large loss of life and/or large financial loss.

Industrial occupancy fire

53

In the ______ setting, the main tactical activity often involves controlling a manufacturing process or otherwise stabilizing the incident to protect life and property

Industrial

54

Free burning fires involving wooden framing, combustible materials, or debris can develop a large fireball with subsequent high levels of ______

Radiant heat

55

A building that is only partially constructed or one that is partially razed is more likely to ______ than a finished structure

Collapse

56

The first step in determining evacuation needs is an evaluation of the ______

Time of day, building size, and occupancy type

57

An awareness rating of ____ would mean that all occupants within this occupancy would be expected to be fully awake and mentally unimpaired

10

58

An awareness rating of ____ would be given to an occupancy where occupants are totally unaware, such as people who are under general anesthesia

1

59

Are promulgated to avoid the repetition of past mistakes

Codes

60

Fire control effort must place a high priority on keeping the fire out of

Exits

61

If the fire can be controlled quickly and many occupants are in danger, ______ is generally the best choice

Extinguishment

62

Loser loss of life fires are unheard of in fully _____buildings when the sprinkler system is installed and maintained in compliance with nationally recognized codes and standards

Sprinkler protected

63

Finding and accessing the fire location is a key element of a ____ in any large, complex structure

Preincident plan

64

Most campuses will have one or more large classroom facilities that hold 200 or more students. These classrooms resemble an _____ and are classified as such.

Assembly occupancy

65

Large number of people located in a single building always represent

Life safety concerns

66

Health care facilities use ______ within the facility during evacuations

Places of safe refuge

67

The nursing staff should be able to account for patients, but in most cases, they will not be able to account for visitors or doctors. Therefore a_____

Primary search must be conducted

68

Occupants of these facilities, who are mostly elderly, would have great difficulty descending a ladder, therefore, attempting to rescue residents using fire department ladders would be an option of near last resort

Limited care facilities

69

Modern and old prisons alike tend to be overcrowded, holding more prisoners than they were designed to house. Any form of overcrowding increases the

Life hazard

70

Large loss of life fires have occurred frequently in

Apartment buildings

71

In residential occupancies, as with most occupancy types, there is a direct correlation between

Life safety and time of day

72

Firefighters generally feel confident attacking a fire in a _______ bread and butter fire

One and two family dwelling

73

The ______ is directly proportional to the number of units in a single building.

Life safety problem

74

Larger buildings with more apartment units require a larger staffing commitment to complete the

Primary and secondary search

75

With large number of people potentially exposed to the fire and the lack of a reliable evacuation status report, ____ becomes even more important

Extinguishment

76

Is a critical issue in dormitory and off campus housing

Life safety

77

Most rooms in dormitory and off campus housing will be within the flow capacity of

Standpipe or preconnected hose streams

78

Time factors are critical in sizing up a

Mercantile occupancy

79

Preincident planning, which includes identifying and outlining the responsibilities of plant personnel, is key to successfully controlling fires in

Industrial occupancies

80

Buildings can be handled as two buildings due to fire resistive separations

Separated multiple occupancy

81

Buildings are more problematic because fire can easily travel from one occupancy to another

Mixed multiple occupancy