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Flashcards in 9/28 Deck (65)
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1

what can be overcome by high ate receptive nerve stimulation causing compound muscle fasciculation

botulin toxin

2

what is a drug that blocks the action of AcH when the vagus nerve si stimulated, causing bronchial dilation

ipratropium

3

what drug enhance the dilation effects seen in beta 2 agonist

ipratropium

4

what drug blocks the parasympathetic stimulation of tracheobronchial submucosal gland stimulation n the lungs

ipratropium

5

what are the preferred drugs for the prophylaxis of bronchial asthma

inhaled glucocorticoids like Flunisolide

6

how does theophylline work

blocks phosphodiesterase activity causing vasodilation by increasing cAMP

7

what disease has a decreases in ADAMTS13 which leads to large vWF multimuers that cause crovascualr plateltlt rich thrombi

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purport

8

what does TTP result in

microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia

9

direct and consensual light reflex comes from what part of the brain stem

midbrain ( cranial nerve 3 is there)

10

when light comes into the retina and is transmitted to the pretectal nucleus it is relayed to the bilaterally so the both eyes will read with what uncles

Edinger-Westphal nuclei

11

what cranial nerves are in the medulla

9 and 10

12

what is Gertsman syndrome

lesion of the left parietal area of the brain which caused
- right left confusion
- agraphia (disorder of writing and spelling)
- acalculia

13

what area of the brian controls horizontal gaze ( oculocephalic gaze)

pons

14

pinpoint pupils means the what brian structure is damage due to loss of descending sympathetic tracts

pons

15

how does the killed flu vaccine work

by producing antibody to hemagglutinin so that it cannot bind to the host cell and enter. it stops entering into the host cell

16

what kind of vaccine stimulates the MHC class and can generate CD 8 cells

live vaccine

17

what is the neuroamindias blocker that stops the release of irons

oseltamivir

18

a seizure that last more then 5 minuets or a series of seizures that happen without the gain of conciseness is known as

status epilepticus

19

what is the initial treatment for status epileptics

lorazepam and phenytoin

20

how does phenytoin work

it reduces the ability of sodium channels to recover m inactivation (anticonvulsant)

21

what two antisezuire drugs block sodium channels

phenytoin and carbamezepine

22

hat antisezuire drug blocks sodium channels and increases GABA levels

valproic acid

23

hat two drugs that are for seizures increase the action of GABA

benzos and phenobarbital

24

what antiseziure drug modulates GABA and Glutamate release

levetiracetam

25

what antisezuire drug blocks t type thalamic calcium channels

ethosuximide

26

what drug is an irreversible inhibitor of GABA transaminase that is responsible for the break down of GABA in the CNS

Vigabatrin

27

what is the cause of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

a mutation in the PIGA gene that cause a deficiency of GPI anchor, CD55 (decay accelerating factor) and CD 59 (MAC inhibitor) which inhibit complement from binding to RBC

28

what is a main cytokine that is produced in giant cell arteriritis

IL-6 (inflammation)

29

what is the inflammatory infiltrate in giant cell arteritis mainly composed of

CD4 cells and Macrophages

30

tocilizumab is what

monoclonal antibody against IL-6, treats giant cell arteritis