9/30 Flashcards Preview

UWORLD Notecards > 9/30 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9/30 Deck (41):
1

here are some symptoms, tell me the disease
- girl with a mutation in MECP2
- loss of motor and verbal skills at age 5 months
- movement of the hands that doesn't stop
- decrease in head circumference

Rett Syndrome

2

what is in the walls of a pseudocyst in the pancreas from acute pancreatitis

granulation tissue and fibrosis

3

immediate treatment for panic attacks

benzodiazepines

4

long term treatment for panic attacks

SSRI/SNRI and cognitive behavioral therapy

5

what happens to the FMR1 gene in patients with fragile x

it is methylated and inactivated

6

describe imprinting

gene expression only comes from one parent instead of two

7

what is Ramelton

a melatonin agonist used for insomnia safe for the use of the elderly

8

what kind of drugs are used to treat psoriasis

vitamin D analog drugs

9

vitamin d analogy drugs used to treat psoriasis

Calcitriol
Tacalcitol
Calicpotriene

10

what is the MOA of vitamin D analogues

bind to the vitamin D receptor and inhibit keratinocyte proliferation

11

cyclosporine is used for what three things

RA
organ rejection
psoriasis

12

what drug treats moderate to severe psoriasis

etanercept

13

monoclonal ab that is used to target IL-12 and IL-23 in psoriasis, inhibiting the activation of TH1 and TH 17 cells

Ustekinumab `

14

what psoriasis drug blocks a nuclear transcription factor

calcitriol
tacalcitol
calcpotriene

15

what is found in sweet peas that can inhibit lyse oxidase making it look similar to myxomatous cystic degeneration in the media of the aorta

B-aminopropionitrile

16

what causes maternal insulin to rise during the second and third trimester

human placental lactogen

17

what is dipyridamole

a vasodilator of coronary vessels

18

how can adenosine and dipyridamole cause Coronary Steal Syndrome

because it will reduce blood flow in ischemic areas by vasodilating the arteries in nonischemic areas

19

what is the haldane effect

when hypoxia is corrected and HBg used to have high affinity for CO2, now has low affinity for it and it increases in the system ( patients with COPD who get oxygen too much )

20

what is ephelidies

freckles

21

what is the major breakdown product of 5HT

5 hydroxyindoleacetic acid

22

aortic stenosis is a harsh ejection type systolic murmur that is heard best at

the base of the heart

23

brief psychotic disorder never exceeds

one month

24

ringed shaped RBC inclusion

malaria

25

cross "Maltese" shipped RBC inclusion

babeosis

26

low levels of AFP
high levels of Inhibin A and B-hCG
associated with

downsyndrome

27

three diseases associated with HLA class 2

RA
Diabetes type 1
celiac disease

28

escitalopram is what kind of drug

SSRI

29

sertraline is what kind of drug

SSRI

30

Venlafaxine is what kind of drug

SNRI

31

what does Rifaximin do

decreases intraluminal production of ammonia and is used to treat hepatic encephalopathy

32

two things that lead to hepatic encephalopathy

eating a large steak and Gi bleeding, increase nitrogenous products

33

treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder

SSRI

34

impaired absorption in what amino acids is seen in Cysteinuria

COLA
cysteine
ornithine
lysine
arginine

35

test between two categorical variable

chi sqaure

36

test between two means

t test

37

what is the most common cause of death in people with freidrich ataxia

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

38

what can cause contraction in the smooth muscle cells of the sphincter of odds causing common bile duct and gallbladder obstruction

opioids

39

toxic megacolon can be associate with what two things

c. diff and ulcerative colitis

40

what kind of murmur increases with inspiration

tricuspid regurgitation

41

chest x ray that looks way worse then how the patient is presenting

Mycoplasma Pneumonia