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Flashcards in MICRO Deck (312):
1

what is the aniline dye used in acid fast stain to identify mycoplasma

carbolfuchsin

2

what is stained in an acid fast stain

mycolic acid

3

what does IFN-g do

it activates macrophages and causes the differention of helper t cells

4

IFN-g is produced by

activated t lymphocytes and NK cells

5

IFN-g release assy test for what

latent TB

6

IFN-g test what kind of immune response

cell mediated

7

what does elevated lactate DH mean

that there is cell damage or tissue damage, it is also high when bacteria is present

also seen when there is hemolytic anemia

8

due to the immune response seen when someone has mycoplasma what can happen

the patient can have hemolytic anemia because the antigens on the bacteria are the same as the ones on the red blood cells ( production of cold agglutinins IgM)

9

what is shown on buffered charcoal yeast extract medium supplemented with L-cystene and iron

Legionella

10

silver stains improve the visualization of what organism

Legionella

11

ETEC causes battery diarrhea in

travelers and kids

12

The LT enterotoxin in ETEC is similar to what

Cholera Like Toxin

13

what ETEC toxin increases cAMP by stimulating Gs

LT

14

what ETEC toxin increases cGMP in the apical membranes of the host gut mucosa

ST

15

what inhibits the 60s subunits in human cells and inhibits the human cell protein production and causes death

Shigga Toxin (EHEC)

16

stacked brick intestinal adhesion is characteristic of what bacteria

EAEC enteroaggregative e.coli

17

aspergliomas usually occur in what lung lobe

the upper one

18

thick walled spherules packed with endospores is indicative of

Coccidies immitis

19

agar for Cocciodies Immitis

Sabourad Agar

20

small oval yeast inside macrophages is seen in ( smaller then an RBC)

Histoplasma

21

ribbon like hyphae with rare separations . wide angles

Rhizupus

22

spiral shaped gram - spirochete

T. Palladium ( so thin it cannot be seen on gram stain)

23

what test is used to see t. palladium

dark field light microscopy

24

painful ulcer (chancroid) with regional lymphadenopathy is seen in what bacteria

Haemophillus Ducreyi

25

hematin ( factor X) is on a medium that test for

Copyright (c) UWorld, Please do not save, print, cut, copy or paste anything while a test is active.

26

retro-orbital pain, epistaxis, melena, headache, joint and muscle pain and fever are signs of

dengue Fever

27

aedes mosquito causes what two thing

Chickungunya and Dengue Fever

28

partially ds circular DNA molecule in a capsid

HEP B

29

oxidase positive non lactose fermenting gram negative rod that causes UTI in patients with indwelling catheters

pseudommonas

30

lactose fermenting gram negative rod that causes UTI

e. Coli

31

intrabdominal bacterial infections are caused by

E. Coli and Bacteroidis Frigalis

32

non lactose fermenting
oxidase negative
motile organisms that causes osteomyelitis in sickle cell patients is

Salmonella

33

main virulence factor for S. Aureus osteomyletiits

adhesion to collagen

34

latex agglutinin text shows polysaccharide capsule in what bacteria

Cryptococcus neoformans

35

transmission of Giardia

fecal oral

36

cyst get transmitted fecal orally in what parasite

giardia

37

giardia is associated with

campers and hikers who don't purify their water

38

flatulence, foul smelling diarrhea and steatohrrea is seen in

giardia

39

why does giardia cause fatty poo

it stimulates mucos production so nothing can be absorbed in the gut

40

trophozoites that attach but don't invade the intestinal wall is seen in

giardia

41

finding trophozoites in the stool (stool O and P test) is seen in

giardia

42

Elisa stool antigen test diagnoses what

giardia

43

treat giardiasis

metronidazole

44

two life cycle stages of entamoeba histolytic

cyst form- infection ( contaminated water)

trophozoites- invades colon and goes through portal circulation and affect the liver

45

most common site of liver abscess in entamoeba histolytic

right lobe

46

Amebeosis is caused by

entamoeba histolytic

47

anchovy paste pus in the liver abscess is associate with what parasite

entamoeba histolytic

48

intestinal amebiasis. flask shaped ulcers in the colon is caused by

entamoeba histolytic

49

entamoeba histolytic causes what kind of diarrhea

bloody

50

presence of trophozoites that contain endocytosed RBC is seen in

entamoeba histolytic

51

drug that treats entamoeba histolytic

metronidazole

52

drugs the eliminate cyst in the lumen of the intestine in entamoeba histolytic "luminal agents"

paramycin
iodoquinol

53

if there is a liver mass that doesn't need to be drained or surgically removed what is it caused by

entamoeba histolytic

54

cryptosporidum causes what in immune compromised patients (HIV+)

severe diarrhea

55

in immunocompetent patients cryptosporidum cause

mild diarrhea

56

unicellular partially acid fast organisms that creat oocytes that are released in poo and can be transmitted fecal orally ?

cryptosporidum

57

who is at risk for cryptosporidum

people who swim in dirty water

campers

people who work with animals

58

only parasite that stain acid fast

cryptosporidum

59

infectious cyst that are passed through watery stool is seen in

giardia and cryptosporidum

60

cysts that are made of 4 motile sporozoites that attach to the intestinal wall and cause diarrhea is seen in

cryptosporidum

61

tx for cryptosporidum

nitazoxanide in an immunocompetent host

spiramycin (macrolide)-not FDA approved in the US

62

intracellular parasitic protozoan that can affect any warm blooded animal is?

toxoplasma gondii

63

ways toxoplasma gondii can be transmitted

- eating undercooked meat that has too tissue cyst
- eating water or veggies that have oocytes from infected animals poo
- through placenta

64

toxoplasma gondii has what in cat poo

oocytes

65

brain accesses in immunocompromised that are ring enhancing lesions on CT or MRI is seen in

toxoplasma gondii

66

how to differentiate lymphoma from toxoplasma gondii (toxoplasma encephalitis)

biopsy of the brain

67

triad in congenital toxoplasma gondii

- intracranial calcification
-hydrocephalus
-chorioretinits

68

babies with toxoplasma gondii can become

death

69

tx for toxoplasma gondii

pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine

70

when to start prophylaxis for toxoplasma gondii who have IgG antibodies to it

when CD4 is

71

what causes african sleeping sickness

trypanosome bruce gambiense and rhodesiense

72

Painful bite of Testes Fly is from what parasite

trypanosome brucei gambiense and rhodesiense

73

after biting these parasites move from the blood to the lymph nodes ( cerivical and axillary)

trypanosome brucei gambiense and rhodesiense

74

undulating recurrent fevers and sleepiness is

trypanosome brucei gambiense and rhodesiense

75

trypomastigotes seen on blood smear?

trypanosome brucei gambiense and rhodesiense

76

motile parasites with a single flagella

trypanosome brucei gambiense and rhodesiense

77

treatment for trypanosome brucei gambiense and rhodesiense

suramin ( blood infection) and melarsoprol (CNS infection)

78

swimming in fresh water lakes can transmit

naegleria Fowleri

79

meningoencephalitis due to swimming in fresh water lakes that is rapidly fatal is seen from

naegleria Fowleri

80

bacteria associated with swimmin in fresh water

leptospirosis

81

enter way for naegleria Fowleri

cribriform plate

82

rare source of naegleria Fowleri

contact lenses solution and nasal irrigation systems

83

CSF with amoebas when a patient presents with fever, headache and nuchal rigidity

naegleria Fowleri

84

treatment for naegleria Fowleri

amphoteericin B

85

trypanosoma cruzi causes

Chugs disease

86

Reduvide bug that deposits poo into the wind is the vector for

chagas disease

87

what are the symptoms of Chagas Disease

1. Megacolon
2. Megaesophagus
3. Dilated Cardiomyopathy

88

virus that cause dilated cardiomyopathy

cocsackie

89

how to diagnose trypanosoma cruzi

blood smear ( see motile trypanosomes during active infection)

90

in chronic chugs how do you diagnose

serology and clinical symptoms

91

bug that burrows into the endocardium when it gets into system

reduvide bug

92

tx for chagas

nifurtimox

93

malaria like symptoms and even death can be caused by

Babesia

94

-hemolytic anemia
-hemoglobinuria
-jaundice
due to (deer tick) ixodes tick

Babesia

95

where is Babesia common

northeast america

96

irregular cycling fevers is seen in

Babesia

97

higher risk of Babesiain what disease

sickle cell patients from autospleenectomy

98

how to diagnose Babesia

on blood smear, the presence of a maltese cross

99

tetrode of trophozoites is seen in

Babesia (maltese cross)

100

tx for Babesia

Atovaquone and Azithryomycin

101

Geimsa stain and blood smear are done to determine

malaria

102

fever occurs on day one and then on day four malaria "quartent fever"

Plasmodium malariae

103

produce dormant forms in the liver called hypnozoites type of malaria

Plasmodium vivax and ovale

104

fever on first day and then on the third day malaria

Plasmodium vivax and ovale

105

causes the worst malaria illness

Plasmodium falciparum

106

fever that is irregular in malaria

Plasmodium falciparum

107

RBC with parasites occlude the capillaries in the brain ( confusion)and the vessels that lead to the kidney and the lungs malaria

Plasmodium falciparum

108

malaria the is banana shaped in the peripheral blood smear

Plasmodium falciparum

109

works by blocking plasmodium heme polymerase

chloroquine

110

primaquine is aded to malaria treatment to destroy what

hypnozoites in the liver of Plasmodium vivax and ovale

111

be careful to give what drug to a patient with malaria so you do not cause severe anemia?!

primaquine

112

what drug is given because of resistance to chloroquine

mefloquine

113

prophylactic medicine to prevent getting malaria

mefloquine

114

combination of atovaquone and proguanil is a good treatment for

malaria ( or for prophylaxis)

115

p falciparum is treated by

artemisins

atovoquonw/proguanil

116

Artesunate is to treat

severe malaria

117

quinidine treats really sever

malaria (resistant species)

118

UDE of quinidine

cinchonism ( headache and tinnitus)

119

rupture of hepatocytes with the release of merozoites and go into red blood cell

malaria

120

Leishmania brazilinesis causes

cutaneous leishmaniasis

121

sand fly is the vector for

Leishmania brazilinesis

122

amastigote is the intracellular form seen in macrophages and is a sign of

Leishmania brazilinesis

123

Leishmania donovani causes

visceral Leishmaniasis "black fever"

124

when bone marrow is infected Leishmania causes

pancytopenia

125

viceral Lesmaria affects what organs

liver and spleen

126

tx for Leishmania (cutaneous)

stibugluconate

127

what is the treatment for visceral Leshmanias

amphotericin B

128

strawberry cerix inflammation is a sign of

trichomonas vaginalis

129

burning
itching
malodorous yellow/green discharge

trichomonas vaginalis

130

wet mount that shows trophozoites that are motile

trichomonas vaginalis

131

wet mount for gardnirella will show

clue cells

132

ph of vaginal fluid in trichomonas vaginalis is

>4.5

133

ph of vagina in Gardnerella

> 4.5

134

candida ph of the vagina

135

tx for trichomonas vaginalis

treat their partner as well
- Metronidazole

136

Enterobius vermicularis is also known as

pinworm

137

at night the female worms migrate to the anus and lay their eggs in what nematode

Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)

138

transmission of Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)

fecal-oral route

139

treatment for Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)

pyrantal pamoate and Bendazoles

140

Ancylostoma and Necator hook worms found where

rural southern US

141

how to get infected with Ancylostoma and Necator

walking barefoot

142

hookworm that comes through foot, then into the lungs, coughed up and then into the small intestine is seen in

Ancylostoma and Necator

143

nematodes that attach to gut wall that can cause severe iron deficiency anemia is seen in

Ancylostoma and Necator

144

high eosinophil count and eggs in poo are seen in

Ancylostoma and Necator

145

tx for Ancylostoma and Necator

albendazole and pyrantel pamoate

- wear shoes

146

Ascaris Lumbricoides transmission

eating eggs in contaminated food or water

147

large nematode go into capillary and alveoli, ascend to the bronchus and them move to small intestine is seen in

Ascaris Lumbricoides

148

worm most likely to cause respiratory symptoms

Ascaris Lumbricoides

149

major complication of Ascaris Lumbricoides

intestinal obstruction at the ideal cecal valve

150

how to diagnose Ascaris Lumbricoides

eggs in the poo and high eosinophil count

151

how to treat Ascaris Lumbricoides

albendazole

152

how does albendazole work

destroys microtubule function and stops the worms from moving

153

how do strongoloyides get into the body

through the feet ( climbs bronchial tree and gets swallowed)

154

what do strongoloyides do in the intestinal wall

they lay eggs that hatch, break through and re infect the blood

155

treatment for strongyloides

albendazole and ivermectin

156

trichinella spiralis is found where

in undercooked meat

157

what does trichinella spirals cause

fever
vomiting
periorbital edema
severe myalgia

158

cyst within striated muscle cells is seen in

trichinella spiralis

159

treatment for trichinella spirals

albendazole

160

Dracunculus Medinensis infection occurs how

drinking contaminated water that has copepods in it

161

adult females emerge from painful ulcer in the skin, the doctor gets the worm out by twisting the worm around a stick slowly to get it out

Dracunculus Medinensis

162

Dracunculus Medinensis can cause what in the blood

peripheral eosinophilia

163

onchocerca Volvulus is spread by

black fly

164

scattered puritic papaules that can become hyper pigment
hyopigmented spots on older patients on the shins

onchocerca Volvulus

165

blindness can be caused by a microfilaria floating into the eyeball, this is associated with

onchocerca Volvulus

166

microfilariae on a skin biopsy under a microscope?

onchocerca Volvulus

167

treatment of onchocerca Volvulus

ivermectin

168

Wuchereria Bancrofti presents as

elephantiasis

169

cough from a microfilarie in the lungs causing a hypersensitivity reaction is seen in

Wuchereria Bancrofti

170

intermediate host for Wuchereria Bancrofti

mosquitos

171

thick blood smear to see organisms is diagnostic for

Wuchereria Bancrofti

172

treatment fro Wuchereria Bancrofti

diethylcarbamazine

173

Toxocara Canis transmitted how

food with dog, or cat feces

174

parasitic larva get in bodie but down mature and cause visceral larva migranse

Toxocara Canis

175

ocular larva migranse because the larva travel to the eye, this is caused by

Toxocara Canis

176

treatment for Toxocara Canis

albednazole

177

Loa Loa causes

transient angioedma

178

worm that crawls under the conjunctiva that causes inflammation and edema is seen in

Loa Loa

179

deer flies causes?

Loa Loa

180

treatment for Loa Loa

diethylcarbamazine and albendazole

181

Taenia saginata is due to eating

cattle

182

Taenia Solium comes on by eating

pork

183

what is seen on stool O and P in Taenia Solium

hooks on proglottid heads

184

neurocysticercosis is caused by ingesting

tania EGGS that are floating around in contaminated water with animal poo

185

swiss cheese on head CT is characteristic of

neurocysticercosis

186

ingesting taenia cysts does what

asymptomatic or g.i. problems

187

treatment for tania

Praziquantel

188

treatment for neurocysticercosis

Albendazole + Praziquantel

189

Diphyllobothrium Latum transmission

eating undercooked fish ( fish tape worm)

190

diarrhea and an association with b12 deficiency causing megaloblastic anemia is associated with

Diphyllobothrium Latum

191

largest tape worm that can grow up to 10 meters long is

Diphyllobothrium Latum

192

proglottid segments that break off and can be seen in stool

Diphyllobothrium Latum

193

tx: for Diphyllobothrium Latum

Praziquantel and Niclosamide

194

Echinococcus Granulosos has a host of

dogs and sheep

195

transmission of Echinococcus Granulosos is through

dog poo

196

hydatid cyst is due to sheep tapeworm in

Echinococcus Granulosos

197

egg shell calcification in cyst mass on the liver is seen in

Echinococcus Granulosos

198

ruptured cyst in the liver that cause anaphylaxis reaction and acute abdomen is seen in

Echinococcus Granulosos

199

schistosome causes what

schistosomiasis

200

penetrates skin in aquatic environment and then go through blood to the liver

schistosoma

201

intermediate host for schistosoma

snails

202

lateral spine

schistosome mansoni

203

very small spin is seen in

schistosome japonicum

204

swimmers itch where the larva penetrate the skin is seen in

schistosoma

205

portal hypertension that can lead to g.i hemorrhage and abdominal pain, can eventually cause cirrhosis is due to

schistosome mansoni and japonicum

206

schistosome hematobium resides where

in the veins of the bladder

207

large terminal spine at the end is associated with

schistosome hematobium

208

schistosome hematobium causes what two things

hematuria and bladder cancer

209

treatment for schistosome hematobium

praziquantel

210

Clonorchis Sinensis is transmitted how

through snails

211

biliary tact fibrosis, pigment gallstone and chorioangiocarcinoma is caused by what trematode

Clonorchis Sinensis

212

operculated eggs

Clonorchis Sinensis and Paragonimus Westermani

213

treatment for Clonorchis Sinensis

praziquantel

214

Paragonimus Westermani causes?

chronic cough with bloody sputum

215

host for Paragonimus Westermani

snail

216

undercooked crab meat that carry the larvae is how you get

Paragonimus Westermani

217

treatment for Paragonimus Westermani

praziquantel

218

associated with bird or bat droppings or recently inside a cave

Histoplasma

219

exposure to chicken coops can give you what fungi

Histoplasma

220

Histoplasma can bee seen where

along missisippi or ohio river valley

221

transmission of Histoplasma is through

spores in bird or bat droppings that go to lungs and is ingested by macrophage

222

macrophage with small intracellular oval bodies

Histoplasma

223

mold in the cold and yeast in the

heat

224

chronic histoplasmosis can resemble

tb

225

erythema nodosum is seen in what fungus

Histoplasma

226

calcifications in the liver and the spleen is seen in what fungus

Histoplasma

227

eastern US and central America has what fungus

Blastomycosis

228

treatment for histoplasmosis

Azole drugs ( local infections)

systemic infection ( Amphotericin B)

229

fungus found in southwestern US and california that cause pneumonia and meningitis

coccidioidomycosis

230

case rate of what fungus increases after earthquakes

coccidioidomycosis because of spores in the dust being thrown into the air

231

spherule filled with endospore

coccidioidomycodid

232

found in Latin America this fungus has a budding yeast in the shape of a captions wheel

Paracoccidioidomycosis

233

Culture on Sabouraud agar

Cryptococcus neoformans

234

mucicarmine shows the red inner capsule of

Cryptococcus

235

mucicarmine (red inner capsule

Pneumocystis jirovecii

236

Disc-shaped yeast seen on methenamine silver stain of lung tissue

Pneumocystis jirovecii

237

cigar-shaped budding yeast that grows in branching hyphae with rosettes of conidia; lives on vegetation.

Sporothrix schenckii

238

treatment for sporothrix schenckii

itraconazole or potassium iodide.

239

aerobic gram +

Listeria
Bacillus
Corneybacterium

240

Anaerobic gram +

clostridium

241

anaerobic bracing gram +

actinomyces

242

Partial reduction of hemoglobin causes greenish or brownish color without clearing around growth on blood agar

alpha hemolytic strep ( pneuma and viridian's )

243

Protein A (virulence factor) binds Fc-IgG, inhibiting complement activation and phagocytosis seen in

S. Aureus

244

TSST-1 is a superantigen that binds to

MHC class 2 and T cells

245

ASO titer detects recen

S progenies infection

246

Hippurate test ⊕

S. Agalactiae

247

The only bacterium with a polypeptide capsule (contains d-glutamate).

bacillus Anthrax

248

Nausea and vomiting within 1–5 hr. Caused by cereulide, a preformed toxin.
Diarrheal type causes watery, nonbloody diarrhea and GI pain within 8–18 hr.

bacillus Cerus

249

MOA of C. Tetani

Blocks release of inhibitory neurotransmitters, GABA and glycine, from Renshaw cells in spinal cord.

250

Produces α toxin (lecithinase, a phospholipase) that can cause myonecrosis

c perfringens

251

describe the two toxins in c diff

Toxin A, enterotoxin,
binds to the brush border of the gut.

Toxin
B, cytotoxin, causes cytoskeletal disruption
via actin depolymerization diarrhea pseudomembranous colitis

252

Lab diagnosis based on gram ⊕ rods with metachromatic (blue and red) granules and ⊕ Elek test for toxin.

c diphtheria

253

Black colonies on cystine-tellurite agar

c. diphtheria

254

Gram ⊕, facultative intracellular rod

listeria

255

rocket tails” and tumbling motility is seen in

listeria

256

treatment for listeria in infants

ampicillin

257

act fast rod gram + that causes pulmonary infections that look like TB

norcardia

258

Causes oral/facial abscesses that drain through sinus tracts, forms yellow “sulfur granules;” can also cause PID with IUDs

actinomyces

259

cervical lymphadenitis in children).

M scrofulaceum

260

hand infection in aquarium handlers

M marinum

261

dapsone and rifampin treat

tuberculoid form of leprosy

262

clofazimine, dapsone and rifampin treat

lepramaotus form of leprosey

263

pink colonies on MaconKey Agar signifies

lactose fermenters

264

what produces β-galactosidase, which breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose.

e coli

265

e coli grows colonies with a green sheen on what agar

EMB

266

Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome seen in

N gonorrhea infection

267

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome associated with

N meningitides

268

Culture on chocolate agar, which contains factors V (NAD+) and X (hematin) for growth; is used ro

H flu

269

Gram ⊝ rod. Gram stains poorly—use silver stain

legionella

270

Grow on charcoal yeast extract medium with iron and cysteine.

legionella

271

tx for legionella

macrolife or quinolone

272

severe pneumonia
(often unilateral and lobar, fever, GI and CNS symptoms. Common in smokers and in chronic lung disease.

Legionnaires’ disease

273

mild flu like syndrome caused by legionella is called

pontiac fever

274

Aerobic, motile, gram ⊝ rod. Non-lactose
fermenting, oxidase ⊕. Produces pyocyanin (blue-green pigment

pseudomonas

275

what may contribute
to chronic pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patients
due to biofilm formation in pseudomonas .

the mucopolysaccharide capsule

276

causes lobar pneumonia in alcoholics and diabetics when aspirated.

klebsiella

277

Usually transmitted from pet feces (eg, puppies), contaminated milk, or pork

yersinia

278

Causes acute diarrhea or pseudoappendicitis

yersinia

279

Spirochete found in water contaminated with animal urine,

Leptospira interrogans

280

flu-like symptoms, myalgias (classically of calves), jaundice, photophobia with conjunctival suffusion (erythema without exudate)

Leptospira interrogates
(leptonpirosis)

281

Facial nerve palsy (typically bilateral) Arthritis
Cardiac block
Erythema migrant are seen in

Lyme disease

282

painless chancre

syphillis

283

Disseminated disease with constitutional symptoms, maculopapular rash, condylomata late and patchy hair loss; also con rmable with dark- eld microscopy.

secondary syphillis

284

Argyll Robertson pupil (constricts with accommodation but is not reactive to light; also called “prostitute’s pupil” since it accommodates but does not react). seen in

tertiary spyhillis

285

Flu-like syndrome (fever, chills, headache, myalgia) after antibiotics are started; due to killed bacteria (usually spirochetes) releasing toxins.

Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction

286

Cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis

Bartonella

287

Q fever

Coxiella

288

treatment for Rickettsia

doxycycline

289

common in North carolina, rash that starts on the wrists and ankles and spreads to the trunk and the palms and soles

Rickettsia

290

Rickettsia Typhus has what kind of rash

starts centrally and spreads out, sparing
palms and soles.

291

Monocytes with morulae (mulberry-like inclusions) in cytoplasm.

Ehrlichiosis

292

Granulocytes with morulae in cytoplasm.

Anaplasmosis

293

Spores inhaled as aerosols from cattle/sheep amniotic uid. Presents as pneumonia. Most common cause of culture ⊝ endocarditis.

Q fever

294

what four things does chlamydia cause

reactive arthritis
follicular conjunctivitis
PID
neonatal gonnococal urethritis

295

X-ray looks worse than patient, walking pneumonia is a sign of

mycoplasma

296

IgA protease is an enzyme that cleaves IgA secreted by what organisms to to colonize in the respiratory mucosa

S. Pneumo
H. Flu
Neisseria

297

What is M protein

it prevents phagocytosis and is seen in group A strep

298

what is the term for the outer cell membrane of most gram - organisms

endotoxin

299

two bacteria that cause Inactivate elongation factor (EF-2)

diphtheria and pseudomonas

300

what two bacteria Inactivate 60S ribosome by removing adenine from rRNA

e. coli and shigella

301

Overactivates adenylate cyclase (increasing cAMP) increasing Cl− secretion in gut and H2O eflux

Heat Labile LT toxin in ETEC

302

Overactivates guanylate cyclase ( increasingcGMP) decreasing resorption of NaCl and H2O in gut

Heat Stable ST toxin in ETEC

303

Overactivates adenylate cyclase ( increasing cAMP) by permanently activating Gs, increasing Cl− secretion in gut and H2O efflux

cholera

304

Overactivates adenylate cyclase (increasing cAMP) by disabling Gi, impairing phagocytosis to permit survival of microbe

bordatella

305

The k1 capsular antigen in E. coli causes what

Neonatal meningitis

306

Bacteria that causes hyponatremia and is associated with recent travel

Legionella

307

Facultative intracellar gram neg organism

Legionella

308

important clinical finding of someone with Legionella Pnemonia

hyponatremia

309

treatment for Lymphogranuloma Venererum

Doxycycline

310

intracytoplasmic Donovan Bodies are seen in

Granuloma INguinale from Klebsiella

311

bilateral facial nerve also can be caused by

Lyme Disease

312

the serpentine growth pattern seen in M. TB is consistent with the presence of what

cord factor ( virulence factor)