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Flashcards in MICRO Deck (32):
1

Used to diagnose what?
- cryoglobulins
- Tzanck Smear
- heterophiles antibodies
- circulating surface antigen
- Hemadsorption
- Papanicolaou Test

- Hep C
- HSV or VZV
- EBV
- Hep B
- Influenza or Parainfluenza
- Cervival Cancer

2

what is the main action of EBV on the B cells

it stimulates them so they are continuously proliferating (immortal)

3

spherules in endospores represents what funds

Coccidioides Immitis

4

name four states associated with Coccidiodes Immitis (South west US)

texas
Arizona
California
New Mexico

5

a patient who is around a lot of birds and bats could have which fungus

Histoplasma Capsulatum

6

Cryptococcus Neoformans causes meningitis in immunosuppressed people by spreading through?

pigeon poo

7

Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis is seen in patients who already have?

asthma

8

this is found as mold in the earth but turns into spores at body temp and are inhaled and contain endospores

C. Immitis

9

a double zone of beta hemolysis is seen and spores, gram positive anaerobe?

C Perfringens

10

what does M protein do for S. Pyogenes

lets it escape phagocytosis

11

necrotizing fasciitis can be caused by what 3 main bacteria

S. progenies
S. aureus
C. Perfringins

12

cyst that are found in the brain followed by seizures (neurocysticercosis) s due to

Tenia Solium (South american like Guatemala)

13

larvae that penetrate through the feet and cause eosinophils and GI disease in immunocompromised people are due to

Strongyloides Stercoralis

14

ecthyma gangrenous is highly associated with what bacteria

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

15

skin patches with ulcerations and necrosis in the middle is what

ecthyma gangrenous

16

most common cause of gram - sepsis usually following UTI

E. Coli

17

What is the order of the treatment for Acute Diphtheria

1. Diphtheria antitoxin (passive immunization)
2. Penicillin/ erythromycin
3. DPT vaccine (active immunization)

18

broad budding yeast

Blastomyces

19

spherules in endospores

Coccidioides

20

Capsule that stains with India Ink

Cryptococcus

21

small oval yeast in macrophages

Histoplasma

22

pseudohyphae with blastoconidia

candida

23

dimorphic fungi that is specific to the US

Coccidioides

24

45 degree angle branching hyphae?

Mucorales and Rhizopus

25

bacteria that can cause meningitis but is not covered by third generation cephalosporins (cefotaxime and ceftriaxone) because it has altered penicillin binding proteins

Listeria

26

cell mediated immunity or humoral will cure listeria

cell mediated

27

drug for listeria

ampicillin

28

what halts protein synthesis by disabling the 60 s ribosomal subunit leading inhibition of protein synthesis and to intestinal epithelial cell death and diarrhea

shiga toxin ( shigella and EHEC)

29

which E coli doesn't produce glucuronidase

EHEC

30

HUS
- anemia
- thrombocytopenia
- renal insufficiente
can be caused by what E coli

EHEC

31

what 4 bacteria increases intracellular cAMP which causes decreased absorption in intestinal cells and secretion of sodium, chloride and water

ETEC (Lt)
Bordatella Pertussis
V. Cholera
C. Jejuni

32

what two bacteria increase cGMP causing watery diarrhea

ETEC (ST)
Yeirsinea