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Flashcards in NEURO Deck (102)
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1

familial ALZ is associated with what

presenilin 1 and 2 mutations
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2

degenerative disease of the frontal and temporal cortex that has round tau protein

Pick Disease

3

hallucinations, parkinsonian features and dementia is what

Ley body dementia

4

urinary incontinece
gait instability
dementia

wet wacky and wobbly

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

5

CAG repeat

Huntington's

6

treatment for normal pressure hydrocephalus

ventriculoperitoneal shunting

7

spike wave complexes on ECG signifies

Creuz Feld Jacob Disease

8

a-synuclein is another name for what

Lewy Bodies (Parkinsons)

9

pronounced frontotemporal brain atrophy with changes in personality and behavior. The patient also has abnormal speech

Pick Disease

10

Silver stain that shows round cytoplasmic inclusions with aggregates of tau protein in frontotemporal lobes

Pick Disease

11

APP processing by beta and gamma secretes pathway produces what

beta amyloid

12

name of ad cow disease

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

13

cytoplasmic inclusions in oligodendrocytes describes what pathology

progressive multifocal leukoencphalopathy

14

patches of white matter destruction are characteristic of what

multiple sclerosis

15

acute and painless vision loss in one eye is characteristic of what

central retinal artery occlusions

16

what is Amaurosis Fugax

painless, transient, vision loss in one eye that is caused by a small embolus to the ophthalmic artery ( only last a few seconds)

17

blurry vision, black spots, floaters and decreased peripheral vision are all seen in what pathology

diabetic retinpoathy

18

how can patients with long standing dialysis get carpal tunnel

because of the deposition of B2 micro globulin in the carpal tunnel

19

endomysial inflammatory infiltration is found on the muscle biopsy of what disease

polio

20

endoneural inflammatory infiltration with multifocal demylenation is seen in

Gillian Barre

21

what do NIssel substances in nerve cell bodies represent

RER where proteins are made

22

Shrinking of the cell body
pyknosis of the nucleus
loss of nissl substance
eosinophilic cytoplasm

acute neuronal injury Red Neuron

23

enlargement of cell body
eccentric uncles
enlargement of the nucleolus
dispersion of the nissle substance

axonal reaction

24

loss of neurons and functional groups of neurons
reactive gliosis

neuronal atrophy

25

a neurons that is reaction to acute irreversible damage is called a

red neuron

26

what is the most common cause of spontaneous lobar hemorrhage in the brain

amyloid angiopathy

27

where do cerebral amyloid angiopathy usually occur

in the occipital ( eye loss) or parietal lobes ( hearing loss)

28

most common cause of intracranial hemorrhage in children

atriovenous malformation

29

progressive headaches, nausea and vomiting and confusion are all sins if

hypertensive encephalopathy

30

ataxia
kyphoscoliosis
loss of vibration and proprioception

Friedrich ataxia