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Flashcards in Cardiology Deck (31):
1

Murmur sound for ASD

Fixed splitting if s2

2

Vsd murmur sound

Holosystolic murmur at the left eternal border

3

Mitral stenosis murmur

Mid diastolic low pitched rumbling murmur that has a beginning opening snap sound

4

PDA MURMUR SOUND

Continuous machine like murmur during systole and diastole

5

Bicuspid aorta murmur sound

Early systolic high frequency click in right second interspace

6

What is the best indicator of the severity of mitral stenosis

The time between A2 and the opening snap

7

Tool used to measure mitral stenosis

2-D Doppler ECG

8

A2-OS INTERVAL that is short means what

The mitral valve stenosis is severe

9

Name some medicines that cause negative chronotropy

Beta blockers
Non dihydropyridiens
Digoxin
Amiodarone and sotalol
Pilocarpine and rivastigmine (ACh agonist)

10

What is the problem with people taking b blockers and nd calcium blockers tighter

Together they can cause a very slow heart rate and low blood pressure!

11

Main action of ACEI

Vasodilation(reflex tachy can occur)

12

Squatting in people with TOF does what

Increases systemic vascular resistance causing blood from RV to go to pulmonic trunk and decreases right to left shunting

13

Explain the process of pulsus paradoxus

Normally when you inspire you increase venous return to the right heart. The eighth ventricular will then expand into the pericardial space to accommodate the blood. But in the case of hinge like cardiac tamponade where there is no room for this expansion, the right ventricle will push the IV septum towards the left heart decreasing the EDV in the left heart, with a decreases in systolic pressure during inspiration!

14

What separates homocysteineinuria from Marfans

Intellectual disability
Thrombosis
Downward lens dislocation instead of upward
Megaloblastic anemia
Fair complexion

15

Endocardial thickening and fibrosis of tricuspid and pulmonary valves usually limited to the right heart are characteristic for what

Carcinoid heart disease

16

What urine test should be gotten to determine carcinoid heart disease

5-HIAA hydroxyindoleacetic acid (end product of serotonin)

17

Where does abdominal aortic aneurysm usually occur

Under the renal arteries

18

Transmural inflammation of the abdominal wall represents

AAA

19

Cystic medial degeneration of the aortic root is common in?

Marfans

20

Deep tissue bruising
Prolonged PT
Henarthroses

Factor 7 deficient

21

Complete atrioventricular canal defect is common in who

Downs people

22

Digeorg is associated with what three things

TOF
Truncus arteriosus
Transposition of the vessels

23

Mutation in frataxin, seen in

Friedrich ataxia

24

High arches
HCOM
KYOHOSCOLIOSIA

Spinocerebellar tract degeneration

Fried rich ataxia

25

A conclusion that there is no difference between the groups stuidies when a difference truly exists

Beta error

26

Inaccurate recall of past exposure by subjects

Recall bias

27

Thickened valve leaflets with multiple small vegetations on both surfaces

Libmann sacks endocarditis (SLE)

28

Myxomas are composed of what kind of cells

Scattered cells within a mucopolusaccharide stoma

29

Diphtheria infection can cause complication in what two organs

Brain and heart

30

Diphtheria toxoid vaccine produces what effect

Circulating IgG against exotoxin B subunit of diphtheria, preventing disease

31

Ongoing intamil inflammation of atheroma can destabilize the mechanical problems integrity of the plaque through the release of what by macrophages

Metalloproteinases