Neurology Questions Flashcards Preview

UWORLD Notecards > Neurology Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neurology Questions Deck (93)
Loading flashcards...
1

beta pleated sheets are joined by what kind of bonds

hydrogen bonds

2

each amino acid in a sequence that forms a peptide bond is joined by what kind of bond?

hydrogen

3

what is the bond between two cysteine residues that are really strong and make it so that proteins cannot be denatured easily

disulfide bonds

4

what are non small cell lung tumors that arise near the superior sulcus (by the subclavian) and can compress the brachial plexus and sympathetic cervical ganglia? the are associated with smoking

pan coast tumor

5

mutation in FMR1 gene leads to

fragile X syndrome

6

what is the autosomal dominant condition associated with lens dislocation, dilatation of the proximal aorta, long fingers, and tall stature

marfan syndrome

7

paternal deletion of part of chromosome 15

Prader Willi

8

valproate, a bipolar medicine used in pregnant women is associated with a 10-20 fold risk of what in the baby

NTD

9

name two folate antagonist that could cause baby to have NTD

methotrexate
TMP-SMX

10

what drug reduces the risk of neonatal respiratory distress syndome

bethamethasone

11

increased lithium use in pregnancy can cause

ebstain anomoly

12

neural tube closes normally at what week

4

13

what nerve exists the obturator canal and adducts the thigh and gives sensation to the distal medial thigh

obturator nerve (L2-L4)

14

gluteus medius, minimus, and tensor fascia lata do what to the thigh?

Abduct ( inn. superior gluteal nerve)

15

extension of the leg is done by

quadriceps femori (inn. femurs nerve)

16

extension of the thigh is done by?

gluteus maximus (inferior gluteal nerve)

17

flexion of the thigh

psoas illiacus (inn. femoral nerve) and sartorius muscles (lumbar plexus inn)

18

what is the autosomal dominant condition caused by cerebellar atrophy in which there is disturbed gait in the first year of life (ataxia) and recurrent sinopulmonary infections with a high risk of cancer later due to impaired DNA repair genes

Ataxia-Telangiectasia

19

what condition is characterized by DNA hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation

Ataxia-Telangiectasia

20

what is caused by a hypersensitivity in DNA to cross link agents

Fanconi Syndrome

21

what occurs due to DNA mismatch repair enzymes defect and makes people susceptible to colon cancer

Hereditary non polyposis colorectal caner

22

anterograde axonal transport rely on

kinesin

23

retrograde axonal transport is done by

dynein

24

what maintains the shape of the RBC

spectrin

25

vimentin?

secures organelle inside the cytosol and provides resistance to mechanical stress

26

mortality rate

number of deaths per year / total popualtion

27

incidence

number of new cases / population at risk

28

prevelance

number of people with disease / total population

29

rate of increase of a disease

number of new cases per year - number of death per year / total population

30

disease specific mortality

number of deaths due to disease per year / total population