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Flashcards in Multisystem Deck (44)
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1

amitriptyline and diphenhydramine shouldn't be used together why

because they are both strong Anti Cholinergic (muscarinic) drugs and can cause dry mouth, urinary retention and constipation

2

name two drugs given for migrant headaches

topiramate and amitriptylline

3

four drugs used for the prevention of migrants

propranolol
CCBS
topiramate
amytriptylline

4

why should you not give Zolpidem to older adults for insomnia

it increases the chances of falling and confusion . treat instead with cognitive behavioral therapy

5

what is one of the most important risk factors for falls in the elderly

medication use

6

drug classes most associated with increased risk of falling

Benzos and TCA's

7

who does Medicare cover

older people over the age of 65 and young people with disabilities. ALS or end stage kidney disease

8

part A of medicare covers what

inpatient hospital visits

9

pat B of medicare covers what

outpatient service and medical devices

10

part c of medicare covers what

optional captivated plan and additional benefits ( vision and dental)

11

part d of medicare covers what

optional prescription plan

12

Holoprosencephaly is associated with what genetics

Patuas syndorme (13) and Sonic hedgehog mutations

13

hypotelorism means

close set eyes

14

prosencephalon becomes telencephalon and diencephalon when

week 5

15

what is an example of developmental field defects

holoprosencephaly

16

define developmental field defect

a singly disturbance in the embryo that results in multiple malformations that disrupt the development of tissues and structures near that region

17

CATCH-22(digeorge)

C- Conotruncal Cardiac problems (TEF)
A-Anormal face (bifid uvula)
T-Thymic hypoplasia
C- Cleft palate
H- Hypocalcemia/hypoparathyroidism

18

gold standard test for Di George

FISH

19

spinocerebellar degeneration and spinal ataxia are seen in

Fredrick Ataxia

20

most enzyme deficiency are what mode of inheritance

AR

21

Rett syndrome inheritance

x linked dominant ( girls get it from dads)

22

what is the presence of different mitochondrial genomes inside a cells called

heteroplasty

23

what is the occurrence of multiple phenotypic manifestations often in different organ systems resulting in a single gene mutation called

pleiotropy

24

small punched out lesions on the head associated with Pataus syndrome are called

cutis aplasia

25

increased rates of what two pathologies are seen in trisomony 21

Hirschsprung and duodenal atresia

26

hCG is decreased in what three settings

Patau's
Edward
Ectopic pregnancy

27

Findings: severe intellectual disability, rocker- bottom feet, micrognathia (small jaw), low-set Ears, clenched hands with overlapping ngers, prominent occiput, congenital heart disease. Death usually occurs within 1 year of birth.

Edwards syndrome

28

maternal rubella in the first trimester can cause what baby problems

hearing loss
cataracte
cardiac defects

29

decreased AFP and increased nuchal translucency are associated with what

Downs

30

elevated AFP is associated with

neural tube defects and ventral wall defects