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Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 1 Deck (62):
1

What is the study of living things?

Biology

2

What does the Greek root "bios" mean?

Life

3

What does the Greek suffix "logy" mean?

The study of.

4

What term is used to refer to a living thing?

Organism

5

What is the region in which a particular organism lives?

Habitat

6

What is the study of plants called?

Botany

7

What is the study of animals called?

Zoology

8

What is the study of the physical structure and function of the human body?

human anatomy and physiology

9

Where does about two thirds of the food we eat come from? (not applicable to the Kearns)

Plants

10

Where does about one third of the food we eat come from?

Animals which eat plants

11

True or False:
Most plants with flowers will not produce fruits and seeds.

False: they will

12

What are land plants commonly classified as?

Trees, shrubs, herbs, or vines

13

What are trees and shrubs that live a large amount of years and develop a large amount of wood?

Woody plants

14

What are non-woody plants referred to as?

Herbaceous plants or herbs

15

What kind of plant can be either woody or herbaceous?

The vine

16

What is the root system called in which the main root grows straight down and remains larger than the secondary roots that branch off it?

Taproot system

17

What is the root system called in which the primary root remains small and many slender secondary roots grow from it in all directions?

Fibrous root system

18

What kinds of plants have flowers which produce seeds covered by fruit?

Angiosperms or flowering seed plants
(About half of the plants known to man are angiosperms)

19

In which flower family do the flowers superficially resemble a single flower, but each is in reality a cluster of many seperate flowers, referred to as a head?

The composite family, or sunflower family

20

What are the two types of flowers in a flower head?

Ray flowers and disk flowers
(disk in the middle (they make seeds), ray on the outside)

21

What major structure characteristics do all members of the pea family have in common?

Pods

22

Name some plants in the composite family.

Sunflowers, daisies, dandelion, artichoke, lettuce

23

Name some plants in the mint family.

Peppermint, spearmint, oregano, basil, sage, lavender, marjoram, Rosemary, thyme

24

Name some of the plants in the parsley family.

Carrot, celery, parsley, and dill.

25

Name some of the plants in the rose family

Blackberries, raspberries, strawberries; apple, apricot, cherry, nectarine, peach, pear, plum, and almond trees.

26

Name some of the plants in the pea family.

Beans, peanuts, lentils, alfalfa, clover

27

What plants develop from a seed and produce new seeds in a single growing season?

Annual

28

What is it called when a plant lives through two growing seasons in order to complete their life cycles?

Biennial

29

Name some of the plants in the mustard family.

Cabbage, collards, kale, turnips, cauliflowers, brussels sprouts,

30

What plants live from year-to-year and bloom each season?

Perennials

31

What are members of the pea family commonly referred to as?

Legumes

32

What are the special compounds of nitrogen and oxygen that are absorbable to plants called?

Nitrates

33

What grows on the roots of legumes that converts the nitrogen from ammonia into nitrates?

Nitrogen-fixing bacteria

34

What are the bacteria called that provide nitrates to the soil from decomposing plants and animals? They convert the ammonia into nitrates?

Nitrifying bacteria

35

What is the movement of nitrogen from the air, into the soil, and back into the air called?

The nitrogen cycle

36

What kind of bacteria convert unused nitrates back into atmospheric oxygen to complete the nitrogen cycle?

Denitrifying bacteria

37

Name some of the flowers in Lily family.

Tulip, trillium, hyacinth, aloe vera, yucca

38

Name some of the plants in the nightshade family.

Tomatoes, Irish potatoes, peppers, eggplant, tobacco, petunia

39

Name some of the plants in the cashew family.

Poison sumac, poison ivy, cashew

40

In which family do the three most common poisonous plants belong?

Cashew family

41

What special structures in the seeds of angiosperm plants are used to store food until the seed begins to grow?

Cotyledons

42

Which plants have only one cotyledon per seed?

Monocots

43

Which plants have two cotyledons per seed?

Dicots

44

What is another name for grasses?

Graminoids

45

What may be the most important of plants on earth?

Grasses

46

What are the three most important cereal crops?

Wheat, corn, and rice

47

What group of crops includes wheat, barley, rye, oats, rice, and corn?

Cereal crops

48

What grasses are used as covering for lawns, athletic fields, golf courses, and playgrounds?

Turf grasses

49

What kinds of plants do livestock often feed on?

Forage grasses

50

What is the fruit of the grass plant called?

Grain

51

Study the parts of a grass plant.

Do it!

52

What is another word for a grass stem?

Culm

53

Are trees perennials?

yes

54

What kinds of trees have broad, flat leaves?

Broadleaf trees

55

What is the creeping stem called on a grass plant that grows above the ground?

the stolon

56

What do the grass plant's leaves form as they wrap around the stem?

A sheath

57

True or False:
Nearly all broadleaf trees are flowering seed plants, or angiosperms, and all of those that are angiosperms are dicots rather than monocots.

True

58

What type of tree has a dense, hard wood?

Hardwood tree

59

What is the name for trees that lose their leaves each fall and are bare all winter?

deciduous

60

What kinds of trees retain their leaves all winter?

Evergreen trees.

61

What if the bushy head of a tree called?

The crown

62

What form of fruit do maples produce?

samara