Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 1 Deck (62):
What is the study of living things?
What does the Greek root "bios" mean?
What does the Greek suffix "logy" mean?
The study of.
What term is used to refer to a living thing?
What is the region in which a particular organism lives?
What is the study of plants called?
What is the study of animals called?
What is the study of the physical structure and function of the human body?
human anatomy and physiology
Where does about two thirds of the food we eat come from? (not applicable to the Kearns)
Where does about one third of the food we eat come from?
Animals which eat plants
True or False:
Most plants with flowers will not produce fruits and seeds.
False: they will
What are land plants commonly classified as?
Trees, shrubs, herbs, or vines
What are trees and shrubs that live a large amount of years and develop a large amount of wood?
What are non-woody plants referred to as?
Herbaceous plants or herbs
What kind of plant can be either woody or herbaceous?
What is the root system called in which the main root grows straight down and remains larger than the secondary roots that branch off it?
What is the root system called in which the primary root remains small and many slender secondary roots grow from it in all directions?
Fibrous root system
What kinds of plants have flowers which produce seeds covered by fruit?
Angiosperms or flowering seed plants
(About half of the plants known to man are angiosperms)
In which flower family do the flowers superficially resemble a single flower, but each is in reality a cluster of many seperate flowers, referred to as a head?
The composite family, or sunflower family
What are the two types of flowers in a flower head?
Ray flowers and disk flowers
(disk in the middle (they make seeds), ray on the outside)
What major structure characteristics do all members of the pea family have in common?
Name some plants in the composite family.
Sunflowers, daisies, dandelion, artichoke, lettuce
Name some plants in the mint family.
Peppermint, spearmint, oregano, basil, sage, lavender, marjoram, Rosemary, thyme
Name some of the plants in the parsley family.
Carrot, celery, parsley, and dill.
Name some of the plants in the rose family
Blackberries, raspberries, strawberries; apple, apricot, cherry, nectarine, peach, pear, plum, and almond trees.
Name some of the plants in the pea family.
Beans, peanuts, lentils, alfalfa, clover
What plants develop from a seed and produce new seeds in a single growing season?
What is it called when a plant lives through two growing seasons in order to complete their life cycles?
Name some of the plants in the mustard family.
Cabbage, collards, kale, turnips, cauliflowers, brussels sprouts,
What plants live from year-to-year and bloom each season?
What are members of the pea family commonly referred to as?
What are the special compounds of nitrogen and oxygen that are absorbable to plants called?
What grows on the roots of legumes that converts the nitrogen from ammonia into nitrates?
What are the bacteria called that provide nitrates to the soil from decomposing plants and animals? They convert the ammonia into nitrates?
What is the movement of nitrogen from the air, into the soil, and back into the air called?
The nitrogen cycle
What kind of bacteria convert unused nitrates back into atmospheric oxygen to complete the nitrogen cycle?
Name some of the flowers in Lily family.
Tulip, trillium, hyacinth, aloe vera, yucca
Name some of the plants in the nightshade family.
Tomatoes, Irish potatoes, peppers, eggplant, tobacco, petunia
Name some of the plants in the cashew family.
Poison sumac, poison ivy, cashew
In which family do the three most common poisonous plants belong?
What special structures in the seeds of angiosperm plants are used to store food until the seed begins to grow?
Which plants have only one cotyledon per seed?
Which plants have two cotyledons per seed?
What is another name for grasses?
What may be the most important of plants on earth?
What are the three most important cereal crops?
Wheat, corn, and rice
What group of crops includes wheat, barley, rye, oats, rice, and corn?
What grasses are used as covering for lawns, athletic fields, golf courses, and playgrounds?
What kinds of plants do livestock often feed on?
What is the fruit of the grass plant called?
Study the parts of a grass plant.
What is another word for a grass stem?
Are trees perennials?
What kinds of trees have broad, flat leaves?
What is the creeping stem called on a grass plant that grows above the ground?
What do the grass plant's leaves form as they wrap around the stem?
True or False:
Nearly all broadleaf trees are flowering seed plants, or angiosperms, and all of those that are angiosperms are dicots rather than monocots.
What type of tree has a dense, hard wood?
What is the name for trees that lose their leaves each fall and are bare all winter?
What kinds of trees retain their leaves all winter?
What if the bushy head of a tree called?