Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 13 Deck (34):
What king of Israel was the most famous early Hebrew naturalist?
What is the Idea that living things can arise from nonliving things known as?
What early Greek philosopher's thoughts influenced western science?
What system of ideas did plato put together?
doctrine of Ideas
Who made some great advances in the knowledge of the structure, habits, distribution, and developments of animals?
What doctrine did Aristotle develop?
doctrine of intellect
What did the Greek studies demonstrate even though they didn't acknowledge God as Creator?
The unity and consistency, and intricate design in nature
What was one important benefit of Roman civilization?
The spread of knowledge
What Roman general wrote Natural History?
Pliny the Elder
What Greek physician was interested in the human bodies and who's work became the absolute authority for over a thousand years?
True or False:
Although the Bible is not a science text, whenever it speaks of scientific matters it speaks truly and accurately.
What Protestant pastor and schoolmaster who lived in Strasbourg, wrote Herbarum Vivae Eicones (Living Pictures of Herbs) for the use of physicians and apothecaries, who used plants for medicinal purposes?
Who taught at the protestant university in Tübingen in southwest Germany and wrote The Natural History of Plants where he accurately illustrated and described about 500 medicine?
What Swiss naturalist was probably the best-educated naturalist of he's day?
In what year did Andreas Vesalius present his book on the structure of the human body to the world?
What is Physiology?
The study of the function of body structures.
What English physician and a great physiologist was known for his classic work on the circulation of blood thought the body?
What Puritan clergyman led the formation of philosophical college which met regularly in London to conduct experiments and discuss scientific theories?
What academy was founded in Paris in 1666?
French Academy of Sciences
Who was the most outstanding Jansenist?
Who published his work Micrographia, in which he described the cells of cork?
What Dutch naturalist was the first person to devote his whole life to studies with the microscope?
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
What theory maintains that all living things are composed of living units called cells and of cell products and that all cells come from preexisting cells?
What method do scientists employ to solve scientific problems?
What is reasoning from the specific events in nature to their general causes?
What is a tentative solution to a scientific problem called?
What experiments do biologists use in which all factors are identical except the one being tested? The one factor being tested is called the variable.
When a hypotheses has passed the test of many well-designed experiments and has the support of other scientists, what is it called?
What is it called if a theory stand the test of time and is verified?
What Italian physician was one of the first scientist to present evidence against spontaneous generation?
Who conducted experiments which marked the end of spontaneous generation as a scientific possibility?
True of False: Living things can come from nonliving things.
What is the law of biogenesis?
That living things can only come from other living things.