Abeka Biology Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

Science Study Cards > Abeka Biology Chapter 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 13 Deck (34):
1

What king of Israel was the most famous early Hebrew naturalist?

Solomon

2

What is the Idea that living things can arise from nonliving things known as?

Spontaneous generation

3

What early Greek philosopher's thoughts influenced western science?

Plato

4

What system of ideas did plato put together?

doctrine of Ideas

5

Who made some great advances in the knowledge of the structure, habits, distribution, and developments of animals?

Aristotle

6

What doctrine did Aristotle develop?

doctrine of intellect

7

What did the Greek studies demonstrate even though they didn't acknowledge God as Creator?

The unity and consistency, and intricate design in nature

8

What was one important benefit of Roman civilization?

The spread of knowledge

9

What Roman general wrote Natural History?

Pliny the Elder

10

What Greek physician was interested in the human bodies and who's work became the absolute authority for over a thousand years?

Galen

11

True or False:
Although the Bible is not a science text, whenever it speaks of scientific matters it speaks truly and accurately.

True!

12

What Protestant pastor and schoolmaster who lived in Strasbourg, wrote Herbarum Vivae Eicones (Living Pictures of Herbs) for the use of physicians and apothecaries, who used plants for medicinal purposes?

Otto Brunfels

13

Who taught at the protestant university in Tübingen in southwest Germany and wrote The Natural History of Plants where he accurately illustrated and described about 500 medicine?

Leonhard Fuchs

14

What Swiss naturalist was probably the best-educated naturalist of he's day?

Kondrad Gesner

15

In what year did Andreas Vesalius present his book on the structure of the human body to the world?

1543

16

What is Physiology?

The study of the function of body structures.

17

What English physician and a great physiologist was known for his classic work on the circulation of blood thought the body?

William Harvey

18

What Puritan clergyman led the formation of philosophical college which met regularly in London to conduct experiments and discuss scientific theories?

John Wilkins

19

What academy was founded in Paris in 1666?

French Academy of Sciences

20

Who was the most outstanding Jansenist?

Blaise Pascal

21

Who published his work Micrographia, in which he described the cells of cork?

Robert Hooke

22

What Dutch naturalist was the first person to devote his whole life to studies with the microscope?

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

23

What theory maintains that all living things are composed of living units called cells and of cell products and that all cells come from preexisting cells?

cell theory

24

What method do scientists employ to solve scientific problems?

scientific method

25

What is reasoning from the specific events in nature to their general causes?

inductive reasoning

26

What is a tentative solution to a scientific problem called?

hypotheses

27

What experiments do biologists use in which all factors are identical except the one being tested? The one factor being tested is called the variable.

controlled experiments

28

When a hypotheses has passed the test of many well-designed experiments and has the support of other scientists, what is it called?

theory

29

What is it called if a theory stand the test of time and is verified?

scientific law

30

What Italian physician was one of the first scientist to present evidence against spontaneous generation?

Francesco Redi

31

Who conducted experiments which marked the end of spontaneous generation as a scientific possibility?

Louis Pasteur

32

True of False: Living things can come from nonliving things.

false

33

What is the law of biogenesis?

That living things can only come from other living things.

34

What is the idea that science can find answers for all the problems in life called?

scientism