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Flashcards in Abeka Science Chapter 9 Deck (39):
0

What does the Latin phrase "ex nihilo" mean?

Out of nothing

1

What is the name for the belief that the universe and life formed by gradual processes have existed for thousands of years?

Evolution

2

Who was the British naturalist who published "The Origin of Species"?

Charles Darwin

3

What is the abbreviation for "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life"?

The Origin of Species

4

What was the ship called on which Darwin sailed around South America and to islands in the Pacific Ocean?

HMS Beagle

5

What book did Charles Lyell write? What was it about?

Principles of Geology; introduced the false idea of uniformitarianism.

6

What is the name for the belief that natural processes have always occurred in the same manner and at the same rate as they do now? It distorts the principal of uniformity by saying that the present is the only key to the past.

uniformitarianism

7

Which principle states that the true laws of nature always hold, no matter when or where the are applied?

principle of uniformity

8

What was the name for a vehement advocate of Darwin's ideas, known by the nickname of "Darwin's bulldog"?

Thomas Huxley

9

Name two American scientists who were contemporaries of Darwin.

Asa Gray and James Dana

10

What is the name for the idea that God used evolution to make everything in the world?

Theistic evolution

11

What is the merging of Darwin's ideas of natural selection and the experiments discovering that one's straits are passed down to one's children called?

neo-Darwinism

12

What is the name for the philosophy that asserts that nothing I'd knowable outside the natural world?

secular humanism

13

What is the idea that life arose from a chemical reaction in the ocean called?

chemical evolution

14

Who was Stanley Miller?

A man who did an experiment "proving" that chemical evolution could have happened.

15

What is the most commonly accepted view of the origin of matter and energy of the universe?

The Big Bang theory

16

What was the name of the self educated opponent of Darwinism and student of the bible during the 1920s and 30s?

Harry Rimmer.

17

Who wrote The New Geology?

George McCrady Price.

18

What two men wrote "The Genesis Flood", explaining scientific evidence for the biblical Creation account?

Dr. Henry Morris and Dr. John Whitcomb.

19

What is the name of the study of science, especially as it relates to the origins of the universe and of life, based on faith in God as creator?

Creation science.

20

"The Genesis Flood" influenced several men to get together and support the ideas of a literal Creation. What was this group called?

Creation Research Society

21

What institute was born out of the Christian Heritage College that is now a leading creationist research establishment?

Institute for Creation Research

22

Who became the most prominent Christian creationist debater of his era and debated with Dr. Morris?

Dr. Duane Gish

23

Who discovered the earth's magnetic field?

William Gilbert.

24

Which one of the greatest giants of science was a firm believer in the Divine creation of the universe?

Sir Isaac Newton.

25

What is the idea called that believes that non-living atoms came together at just the right time and in just the right proportions to create nucleic acid, amino acids, monosaccharides, and fatty acids?

Chemical evolution.

26

What do you call the process by which DNA is copied?

Replication.

27

What do you call the random change in the DNA?

Mutation.

28

When does mutation occur?

When a gene is damaged or is copied incorrectly.

29

Who was one of the greatest science giants who was a firm believer in the divine Creation of the universe?

Sir Isaac Newton

30

Who made important contributions to the fields of magnetism and electricity, and also invented the electroscope?

William Gilbert

31

Who was a contemporary of Darwin who held firm in his belief in God's creation of the universe and is best known for his invention of the telegraph?

Samuel F. B. Morse

32

What describes the intensity of a phenomenon as being inversely proportional to the square of a distance?

Inverse square laws.

33

What is the most scientific principle showing that there had to be an act of creation?

Second law of thermodynamics.

34

What evidence do the inverse square laws provide for a special creation?

Gods rationality is reflected in the many inverse square laws that define various relationships in nature.

35

What is the name of the bat's sonar system?

Echolocation.

36

What term refers to any change in velocity?

Acceleration

37

What term describes a decrease in acceleration over time?

Deceleration

38

Who wrote "Principia"?

Sir Isaac Newton