Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 7 Deck (97):
What is the framework of the human body?
What system functions together with the skeletal system and nervous system to make body movements possible?
What is literally the backbone of the skeletal system?
What is the largest portion of the skull called?
What are the tough membranes called that connect the bones of an infant's cranium?
What are the uneven lines called that join the cranial bones tightly together?
What 14 bones serve as the framework of the face and jaw?
What is the only movable bone of the skull?
What are tissues that connect bones to other bones called?
What are the hollow spaces known as in the skull bones- more specifically maxillary bones of the face?
What important bone hidden in the upper neck serves as the foundation of many of the tongue muscles and swallowing muscles?
What are the smallest bones in the body?
malleus, incus, stapes
What massive, column-like structure is the chief structural member of the body?
What are the 33 segments in the vertebral column called?
What is the flexible cartilage that is between the vertebrae called?
What is a tough, rubbery connective tissue that cushions the joints between bones?
What are the seven vertebrae that form the neck called?
What is the longest segment of the vertebral column made up of ?
What is the longest of all vertebrae?
What does the pelvic region consist of, which are five separate vertebrae in infants but are fused together in adults?
What sits under the sacrum, consisting of four separate vertebrae in infants but are fused together in adults?
What cage do the bones in the chest make up?
What are the most prominent bones of the thoracic cage?
What bone attaches to the front of the ribs?
What are the shoulder bones collectively known as?
What are the largest bones in you pectoral girdle, which connect to the sockets of the arms?
What is the largest bone in that arm?
What bone is on the same side of your forearm as your little finger?
What bone is on the same side of your forearm as you thumb?
What are the bones of your wrist called?
What bones in the hand branch out from wrist
What forms the fingers and thumb?
What girdle is made up of two large, heavy bones called the pelvic bones that attach to the sacrum of the axial skeleton, forming a rigid ring of thick bone that supports most of the body's weight?
What is the longest bone found in the body?
What is the main weight-bearing bone of the sun?
What is the smaller the bone of the lower leg?
What bone is found on the front of the knee?
What are the bones in front of the tarsals?
What is a strong cable of tough fibers that attaches a muscle to a bone?
What seven bones attach the tibia and fibula?
What is another name for ankle?
What bones are attached to the metatarsals?
What kind of bones serve to support weight of the body and work with your muscles to provide movement?
What bones are nearly as wide as they are long?
Short bones. Examples include metacarpals, metatarsals, and phalanges.
What bones often have the job of protecting vital organs?
Any bone that is not categorized as long, short, or flat are grouped into what group?
What is the bone's shaft referred to as?
What are the bulging ends of a bone known as?
What is the outer shell of the bone composed of?
What is the lightweight, porous tissue that replaced compact bone inside the bulged ends of a bone?
What special tissue inside the bone manufactures red and white blood cells for the body's circulatory and immune system?
What is the hollow, cylindrical cavity at the bone's shaft called?
What fatty substance replaces the red bone marrow in adults?
What tough, resilient protein in the bone serves the same purpose as the steel rods in reinforced concrete, helping to prevent the mineral crystals from being pulled away from each other?
What special cells constantly move through your bones, removing old material to make room for the new?
What special cells move into the Haversian canals behind the osteoclasts, constructing new collagen fibers and hydroxyapatite crystals as they go?
What disease does a vitamin D efficiency cause in which the bones are weak and deformed?
What law states that bones adjust their shapes to the physical stress placed upon them?
What is the process called when cartilage is replaced with bone?
What is a break or crack in a bone called?
What type of fracture occurs when a bone cracks or breaks but does not pierce the skin?
What type of fracture occurs when the broken bone pierces through the skin?
Does a bone use scar tissue to heal?
No, it heals with its own cells.
What liquid lubricates the articular cartilage?
What strong bands of fibers connective tissue hold the bones in joints together?
What kind of joint allows a bone to move back and forth in a single plane?
What kind of joint allows a bone to rotate in place against another bone?
What kind of joint consists of a rounded head of one bone fitting into a hollow socket in another bone?
What type of joint is found in between the metacarpals and fillings that helps your fingers move left, right, up, and down?
What is probably the simplest joint, in which one bone merely slides across the surface of another?
What joint is only found in your hand ?
What is a degenerative, inflamatory condition of the joints?
What are some joint injuries?
sprain, dislocation, and torn ligaments.
What type of muscle are skeletal muscles?
voluntary muscles (because they are generally under conscious control).
What type of muscles are smooth an cardiac muscles?
involuntary muscles (because they are not generally under control).
What muscles move the skeleton?
What individual cells make up skeletal muscles?
What filaments are arranged in a pattern that gives skeletal a striated appearance?
What two muscles connect the temporal bone with the sternum and clavicles?
What muscles are located on each side of the head?
temporalis and masseter muscles
What is one of the most important muscles in shoulder movement?
What muscles sit between the ribs and help you breath?
What are some of the most important muscles in your upper arm?
Which muscles form the curves of your shoulders, lift the upper arms away from the body, such as when you raise your hand to the sides?
What muscles connect each humorous to the lumbar region of the spine?
What are probably the best known muscles of the arm?
what muscles are located on the back of your hand?
What muscles also connect the ribs o the pelvis, but extend more to the sides than do the rectus abdomens muscles?
What are some o the most important muscle of the back, which extend vertical along the spinalcoslumn from the upper back to the pelvis?
What are the largest and strongest muscle in the body, which pull your upper legs downward, away from the body and toward the rear?
What is a group of four muscles, located in the front of each thigh, that are connected to the tibia by the patellar tendon?
What are a group of three muscles in the back of each thigh that work together to bend the leg at the knee?
What muscle extends diagonally downward fron the front of the pelvic bone and passes around the side of the thigh, eventually connecting to the tibia?
What is the largest calf muscle, which forms the bulge on the back of your back?
What tough, translucent sheath covers skeletal muscles, and binds them together?
What is a group of muscle cells connected to a single motor neuron referred to as?