Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 16 Deck (67):
What do biologist characterize as living organisms that move from place to place in their environment, mainly for the purpose of obtaining food?
Are most animals motile?
What are animals that are attached to one location but are able to move the environment-- air or water--toward themselves for the purpose of trapping food?
What design is the basic blueprint from which God made most animals and would produce two equal halves if split?
What type of symmetry is like a piece of pie, in that any way you cut it in half, you always have the same shape on one side as the other?
What type of symmetry literally means without symmetry?
What is a vertebrate?
An animal with a backbone.
What is an invertebrate?
An animal without a backbone.
What are some kinds of vertebrates?
mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish
What is the name of the internal framework in vertebrates?
What is a name for an animal that has four appendages or limbs attached by special bones to the body at the hips and shoulders?
What classification is made on the basis of embryonic similarities?
What animals are the most familiar and the most dominant group of vertebrates on the earth today?
What glands, as well as all glands of a mammal's body, are specialized epithelial cells?
Are all mammals warm-blooded?
What are flesh-eating animals called?
What are plant eating animals called?
What animals eat both plants and flesh?
What is the hollow sphere called that the fertilized egg forms into?
What does the region of implantation between the developing young and the tissues of the uterus become?
What are the three distinct layers of cells called?
primary germ layers
What cells will specialize into the nervous system?
cells of the ectoderm (outer layer)
What cells will specialize into muscle, bone, blood, lump vessels, reproductive organs, and kidneys?
cells of the mesoderm (middle layer)
What cells will specialize to come the digestive tract, respiratory tract, urinary bladder, and urethra?
cells of the endoderm (inner layer)
What fluid surrounds the embryo during its growth?
What is the stage when the developing young can be recognized as a young individual?
What is the entire period of growth from fertilization to birth called?
What connects the fetus with the placenta?
What are mammals that bear their young love and nourish them during development called?
What mammals differ from viviparous mammals in that they do not bear their young alive?
What are the three major categories of mammals, based on the way the developing young are nourished?
Placental, egg-laying, and pouched.
What are the largest living land animals?
What enlarged incisor teeth are made of ivory?
What are the only oviparous mammals?
echidna and duckbill platypus
What is the slowest land mammal?
What does diurnal mean?
Active during the daytime.
What does nocturnal mean?
active at night
What are marsupial identified by?
Their marsupium ( a pouch in which the young are raised).
What is the largest living marsupial?
What is insectivorous?
True or false: In colder areas, bats spend longer periods of uninterrupted hibernation than any other animal?
What whales have two rows of comblike plates that hang like curtains from each side of the upper jaw?
What is the worlds largest animal?
What whales include such marine mammals as sperm whales, killer whales, dolphins, and porpoises?
What is the largest of apes?
What are apes
Primates without tails
What are the most familiar promotes with tails?
What are an unusual kind of primate which live in only one area--madagascar and nearby islands?
What are small, gnawing mammals which have two pairs of sharp, chisel-like incisor teeth?
What are some fatal diseases carried by rats?
bubonic plague, food poisoning, and typhus
What is the largest rodent?
What is the longest-gliding mammal?
flying lemurs (able to glide several hundred yards at a time).
What animals have teeth similar to those of rodents, but they have four incisors in the upper jaw instead of two?
What animal, also called a cony, is described in the bible as a defenseless animal that makes its home in the rocks?
What are enlarged and thickened toenails?
What are hoofed animals called?
What are hoofed animals with an even number of functional toes?
What hoofed animals with an odd number of functional toes?
What family contains horses, zebras, and donkeys?
What is a horse classified as?
single toed perissodactyl
What are animals that chew their cud called?
What is the first division of a ruminants stomach called?
What are composed of hollow sheaths of keratinized epidermal cells that surround a for of bone arising rom the skull?
What are the bony elevations of the skull of deer?
What is the largest of all deer?
alaskan bull moose
What is considered the larges land-dwelling carnivore?
The alaskan brown bear