Abeka Biology Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 16 Deck (67):
1

What do biologist characterize as living organisms that move from place to place in their environment, mainly for the purpose of obtaining food?

Animals

2

Are most animals motile?

Yes

3

What are animals that are attached to one location but are able to move the environment-- air or water--toward themselves for the purpose of trapping food?

sessile

4

What design is the basic blueprint from which God made most animals and would produce two equal halves if split?

bilateral symmetry

5

What type of symmetry is like a piece of pie, in that any way you cut it in half, you always have the same shape on one side as the other?

radial symmetry

6

What type of symmetry literally means without symmetry?

asymmetrical

7

What is a vertebrate?

An animal with a backbone.

8

What is an invertebrate?

An animal without a backbone.

9

What are some kinds of vertebrates?

mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish

10

What is the name of the internal framework in vertebrates?

endoskeleton

11

What is a name for an animal that has four appendages or limbs attached by special bones to the body at the hips and shoulders?

tetrapods

12

What classification is made on the basis of embryonic similarities?

Chordada

13

What animals are the most familiar and the most dominant group of vertebrates on the earth today?

mammals

14

What glands, as well as all glands of a mammal's body, are specialized epithelial cells?

mammary glands

15

Are all mammals warm-blooded?

yes

16

What are flesh-eating animals called?

carnivores

17

What are plant eating animals called?

herbivores

18

What animals eat both plants and flesh?

omnivores

19

What is the hollow sphere called that the fertilized egg forms into?

blastula

20

What does the region of implantation between the developing young and the tissues of the uterus become?

placenta

21

What are the three distinct layers of cells called?

primary germ layers

22

What cells will specialize into the nervous system?

cells of the ectoderm (outer layer)

23

What cells will specialize into muscle, bone, blood, lump vessels, reproductive organs, and kidneys?

cells of the mesoderm (middle layer)

24

What cells will specialize to come the digestive tract, respiratory tract, urinary bladder, and urethra?

cells of the endoderm (inner layer)

25

What fluid surrounds the embryo during its growth?

amniotic fluid

26

What is the stage when the developing young can be recognized as a young individual?

fetus

27

What is the entire period of growth from fertilization to birth called?

gestation

28

What connects the fetus with the placenta?

umbilical cord

29

What are mammals that bear their young love and nourish them during development called?

viviparous

30

What mammals differ from viviparous mammals in that they do not bear their young alive?

oviparous

31

What are the three major categories of mammals, based on the way the developing young are nourished?

Placental, egg-laying, and pouched.

32

What are the largest living land animals?

Elephants

33

What enlarged incisor teeth are made of ivory?

tusks

34

What are the only oviparous mammals?

echidna and duckbill platypus

35

What is the slowest land mammal?

The Ai.

36

What does diurnal mean?

Active during the daytime.

37

What does nocturnal mean?

active at night

38

What are marsupial identified by?

Their marsupium ( a pouch in which the young are raised).

39

What is the largest living marsupial?

Kangaroo

40

What is insectivorous?

insect eating

41

True or false: In colder areas, bats spend longer periods of uninterrupted hibernation than any other animal?

True

42

What whales have two rows of comblike plates that hang like curtains from each side of the upper jaw?

baleen whales

43

What is the worlds largest animal?

blue whale

44

What whales include such marine mammals as sperm whales, killer whales, dolphins, and porpoises?

toothed whales

45

What is the largest of apes?

Mountain gorilla

46

What are apes

Primates without tails

47

What are the most familiar promotes with tails?

monkeys

48

What are an unusual kind of primate which live in only one area--madagascar and nearby islands?

lemurs

49

What are small, gnawing mammals which have two pairs of sharp, chisel-like incisor teeth?

rodents

50

What are some fatal diseases carried by rats?

bubonic plague, food poisoning, and typhus

51

What is the largest rodent?

capybaras

52

What is the longest-gliding mammal?

flying lemurs (able to glide several hundred yards at a time).

53

What animals have teeth similar to those of rodents, but they have four incisors in the upper jaw instead of two?

What lagomorphs

54

What animal, also called a cony, is described in the bible as a defenseless animal that makes its home in the rocks?

Hyrax

55

What are enlarged and thickened toenails?

hoofs

56

What are hoofed animals called?

ungulates

57

What are hoofed animals with an even number of functional toes?

artiodactyla

58

What hoofed animals with an odd number of functional toes?

perissodactyla

59

What family contains horses, zebras, and donkeys?

equine

60

What is a horse classified as?

single toed perissodactyl

61

What are animals that chew their cud called?

ruminants

62

What is the first division of a ruminants stomach called?

rumen

63

What are composed of hollow sheaths of keratinized epidermal cells that surround a for of bone arising rom the skull?

horns

64

What are the bony elevations of the skull of deer?

antlers

65

What is the largest of all deer?

alaskan bull moose

66

What is considered the larges land-dwelling carnivore?

The alaskan brown bear

67

What is a type of or plant that is no longer found love on the earth said to be?

extinct