Abeka Biology Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abeka Biology Chapter 14 Deck (31):
1

True or False: The philosophy of materialism is actually a faith--a faith not in the Creator but in nature and matter itself.

True

2

What English scientist wrote The Origins of Species and was the first to propose a "plausible" way for evolution to take place? His hypothesis was natural selection, or survival of the fittest?

Charles Darwin

3

Who wrote Principles of Geology?

Charles Lyell

4

What is the idea that the present is the only key to the past, and that all things continue by natural processes at the same rates as they always have done?

uniformitarianism

5

What is the Idea that the fittest and strongest of each species were more likely to survive and reproduce than weaker, poorly adapted animals?

natural selection

6

What science sought to improve the human species by selectively breeding humans to produce a master race?

eugenics

7

What is defined as the changes within a particular and of kind of organism, referring to variations in the gene pool within a population?

Speciation

8

What is the process by which new kinds of creatures emerge from existing kinds of time?

macroevolution

9

Has macroevolution been observed in nature?

No.

10

What are the remains to impressions of plans, animals. and humans preserved in sedimentary rock?

Fossils

11

What is the study of fossils called?

Paleontology

12

When viewed from a biblical perspective, what is actually one of the most powerful evidences against evolution?

The fossil record

13

What two men suggested that evolution occurs in sudden spurts, followed by long periods without noticeable change?

Stephan Gould and Niles Eldredge

14

What fish is unlike most fish, in which the fins are attached to the body by thick, fleshy lobes that allow the fins to be more freely rotated?

coelacanth

15

What fossil bird is often presented as an evolutionary link between dinosaurs and modern birds?

Archaeopteryx

16

What is the study of similarities and differences in the body structures of organisms?

comparative anatomy

17

What French scientist founded comparative anatomy?

Georges Cuvier

18

What refers to similarities among organisms adapted to the same environment but different internal structure?

analogy

19

What term refers to similar organs which are also similar in internal structure?

homology

20

What science seems to discover how the mechanisms of living cells work?

molecular biology

21

What theologian remarked that if we were to spot a rock lying on the ground in a deserted place, we might assume that the rock had come to be there by the processes of nature?

William Paley

22

Who was uncovering the true nature of genetics and heredity?

Gregor Mendel

23

Do variety within kinds generally result from preexisting genetic variety?

Yes

24

What is a random error in an organism's genetic code?

mutation

25

What is breeding within a small, isolated group?

inbreeding

26

What hypothesis states that an unborn baby, while developing in its mother's womb, goes through various stages of development that resemble different animals, providing a replay of man's evolution from a simple invertebrate to is present form?

Embryonic recapitulation

27

What German evolutionist developed the Embryonic recapitulation?

Ernst Haeckel

28

What evolutionist admitted that the philosophy of evolution is based upon assumptions that cannot be scientifically verified, and that whatever evidence can be assembled for evolution is both limited and circumstantial in nature?

Professor Kerkut

29

What involves looking very closely at the physical universe for the purpose of gathering scientific knowledge about it?

observation

30

What is a special kind of observation that involves testing theoretical speculations in a controlled and systematic way?

Experimentation

31

What quasi religious idea states that the earth and all the living things that inhabit it constitute a single living thing?

Gaia hypothesis