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Honors Anatomy & Physiology > Blood Study Guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Study Guide Deck (31):
1

the formed elements of blood include (3)

red, white, platelets

2

the average hermatocrit (percentage of rbc's) for males is __higher/lower____ and for females is ___higher/lower____

males- higher
females- lower

3

the liquid portion of blood i called ___

plasma

4

examples of the components of plasma
nutrients

amino acids, glucose, lipids, vitamins

5

examples of the components of plasma
gases (respiratory)

O2
CO2
N2

6

examples of the components of plasma
ions

Na+
K+
Cl-
Ca++
Mg++

7

examples of the components of plasma
waste products

urea
uric acid
creatinine

8

examples of the components of plasma
hormones

FSH
cotrisol
epinephrine
insulin

9

examples of the components of plasma
proteins

albumin
alpha & beta globulin
gamma globulin
fibrinogen

10

(which plasma protein?)
antibodies made by lymphocytes

gamma globulin

11

involved in clotting
(which plasma protein?)

fibrinogen

12

provides osmotic pressure for blood vessels to absorb water from tissues
(which plasma protein?)

albumin

13

(which plasma protein?)
transport lipids & fat-soluble vitamins

alpha & beta globulins

14

red blood cells are made in the ____ when stimulated by the hormone _____

red bone marrow, erythropoietin

15

erythropoietin forms when O2 level in the kidney are ___

low

16

a high red blood cell count ___ (stimulates, inhibits) further red blood cell production

inhibits

17

old or damaged red blood cells are destroyed by the __ and ___

liver and spleen

18

red blood cells contain oxygen-carrying protein

hemoglobin

19

which cells are granulocytes ?

neutrophils
basophils
eosinophils

20

which cells are agranulocytes?

lymphocytes and monocytes

21

the lymphocytes that form in the bone marrow are (3)

T cells
B cells
NK cells

22

lymphocytes that are genetically programmed for a specific immune reaction after exposure to a foreign antigen

B and T cells

23

T cells develop into ___ (#) functionally different cells.
These cells look ___ (same or different)

4
the same

24

neutrophil description & function

multilobed nucleus, granules stained light purple (or pale pink)
F: phagocytic, acute response to infection

25

eosinophil description & function

bilobed nucleus, granules stained red
F: attack parasites, involved in allergic reactions

26

basophil description & function

lobed nucleus, granules stained blue
F: release histamines and heparin, inflammatory response, involved in allergic reactions

27

monocyte description & function

largest WBCs
F: phagocytic, become tissue macrophage and attach bacteria, make monokines (chemical messengers)

28

lymphocyte description & function

large nucleus, little cytoplasm
F: provide specific immune response, make lymphokines (chemical messengers)

29

* natural killer cells description & function

large lymphocyte, slightly indented nucleus
F: destroy tumor cells & viral infected cells

30

platelets are cell fragments from ___

megakaryocyte

31

platelet formation occurs in the

red bone marrow