Brain quiz Flashcards Preview

Honors Anatomy & Physiology > Brain quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brain quiz Deck (25):
1

Parietal lobe

Receives & associates somatosensory information

2

Frontal lobe

Sends motor output

3

Occipital lobe

Receives visual information

4

Temporal lobe

Receives auditory information

5

Brain functions

Maintain homeostasis through :
Sensory input & motor output
Makes decisions-interpret
Integrates & stores new info

6

What are the 4 parts of the brain?

Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
Brain stem

7

Outward folds (bumps) are called

Gyri (gyrus)

8

Shallow grooves are called

Sulci (Sulcus)

9

Deepest grooves called

Fissures

10

Longitudinal fissure

Separates cerebral hemispheres (left & right)

11

Cerebrum

Controls all sensory & motor functions, thought processes, and memories

12

What are all the cranial nerves ?

Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Trigeminal
Abducens
Facial
Vestibulocochlear
Glossopharyngeal
Vagus
Accessory
Hypoglossal

13

How to remember cranial nerves by name?

Oh
Once
One
Takes
The
Anatomy
Final
Very
Good
Vacations
Are
Happening

14

How to remember function of cranial nerves?

Some
Say
Money
Matters
But
My
Brother
Says
Big
Brains
Matter
More

15

Diencephalon consists of

Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Pineal gland

16

Brain stem consists of

Medulla oblongata
Pons
Midbrain

17

Cerebellum function (2)

Evaluates how well movements initiated by motor area in cerebrum are being carried out to make complex skilled movements
Regulates posture & balance

18

Limbic system

Includes several area of brain
"Emotional brain"
Function- mediates emotional responses (pain, pleasure, docility, affection, & anger)
Involved in smell & memory

19

Order of the brain stem parts?

Midbrain 1
Pons 2
Medulla 3

20

Function of thalamus (4)

Major relay station for sensory impulses in the primary sensory areas of cerebral cortex
-transmits info from cerebellum to primary motor areas of cerebral cortex
-relays impulses btwn diff. Areas of cerebrum
-involved in movement control, emotions, learning, memory, & cognition

21

Function of hypothalamus (5)

Controls autonomic NS
located inferior to thalamus
Regulate emotional & behavioral patterns
Regulate eating & drinking
Control body temp
Regulate circadian rhythm

22

Pineal gland function (2)

Secretes melatonin-promotes sleep
Sets body's biological clock

23

Midbrain function (4)

Relays motor impulses from cerebral cortex to pins
Relays sensory impulses from spinal cord to thalamus
Coordinates movements of head, eyes, & trunk in response to visual & auditory stimuli
Helps coordinate voluntary body movements

24

Pons function (2)

Relays impulses btwn cerebral cortex & cerebellum & midbrain & medulla
Helps controls breathing rhythms

25

Medulla function (3)

Relays motor & sensory impulses btwn other brain parts & spinal cord
Regulates heartbeat, breathing, blood vessel diameter
Coordinates swallowing, vomiting, coughing, sneezing, & hiccups