Ch 1 Quiz Flashcards Preview

Honors Anatomy & Physiology > Ch 1 Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 1 Quiz Deck (45):
1

Anterior can also mean what?
What is its definition

Ventral
Toward the front, in front of

2

Posterior can also mean what?
What is the definition?

Dorsal
Toward the back, behind

3

Superior can also mean what?
What is its definition?

Cranial
Toward the head

4

Inferior can also mean what?
Definition?

Caudal
Toward the tail

5

Example of anterior

The palms are on the anterior side of the body.
The esophagus is anterior to the spinal cord.

6

Example of posterior

The occipital bone is on the posterior cranium (skull).
The spinal cord is posterior to the esophagus.

7

Example of superior

The nose is superior to the mouth.
The neck is superior to the chest.

8

Example of inferior

The nose is inferior to the forehead.
The umbilicus (belly button) is inferior to the chest.

9

Define Proximal

Closer to the point of origin (the trunk)

10

Define distal

Farther away from the point of origin (the trunk)

11

Example of proximal

The knee is proximal to the ankle.
The shoulder is proximal to the elbow.

12

Example of distal

The foot is distal to the hip.
The wrist is distal to the elbow.

13

Define medial

Closer to the midline of the body or a body part; on the inner side of

14

Define lateral

Farther away from the midline of the body or a body part; on the outer side of

15

Define superficial

Closer to the surface

16

define deep

Farther below the surface (this is usually into a cavity or touches an organ)

17

Example of superficial

The skin is superficial to the muscle.
Muscle is superficial to bone.

18

Example of deep

Bone is deep to the skin.
Bone is deep to the muscle.

19

What do directional terms explain?

The location of 1 body structure in relation to another

20

Example of lateral

The shoulder is lateral to the chest.
The thumb is lateral to the index finger.

21

Example of medial

The ear is medial to the shoulder.
The index finger is medial to the thumb.

22

What are the two body cavities?

dorsal and ventral body cavity

23

which body cavity is the back?
front?

the back is the dorsal
the front is the ventral

24

What cavities are on the dorsal body cavity? (2)

cranial cavity
vertebral (spinal) cavity

25

What cavities are on the ventral body cavity?

right and left pleural cavity (lungs)
thoracic cavity
diaphragm
abdominopelvic cavity
mediastinum
pericardial cavity
abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity

26

what does the thoracic cavity contain? (above)
what does the abdominopelvic cavity contain? (below)

T- right&left pleural cavity, pericardial cavity, and mediastinum
A- abdominal and pelvic cavity

27

what is the mediastinum?

the central region, houses the heart, trachea, and other organs.

28

what is the pericardial cavity hold?

the heart

29

what does the cranial cavity hold?

the brain

30

what does the abdominal cavity hold?

the stomach, kidneys, liver, intestines, and other organs

31

What does the pelvic cavity hold?

(urinary) it holds the bladder and reproductive organs

32

When you're looking at an anatomy diagram, what are you really looking at to determine left and right?

you are looking at yourself

33

what are the four abdominopelvic quadrants?

right upper quadrant (RUQ), left upper quadrant (LUQ), left lower quadrant (LLQ), and right lower quadrant (RLQ)

34

What are the nine abdominopelvic regions?

right hypochondriac region, epigastric region, left hypochondriax region
right lumbar region, umbilical region, left lumbar region
right iliac region, hypogastric region, left iliac region

35

what does epi mean?

over or upon (like epigastric region)

36

What is a sagittal section and how does it divide the body?

divides the body (or organ) into left & right parts (not equal!)

37

What is a median, or midsagittal, section and how does it divide the body?

divides the body (or organ) into equal left and right parts.

38

What is a frontal, or coronal, section and how does it divide the body?

divides the body (or organ) into anterior and posterior parts.

39

What is a transverse, or cross, section and how does it divide the body?

divides the body (or organ) into superior and inferior parts.

40

What are sections? What are planes?

cuts along imaginary lines known as planes
planes are imaginary lines

41

how many types of planes or sections exist as right angles to another?

3
Sagittal, frontal, and transverse

42

what are body planes and sections used for?

MRI's and cat scans (can even be used to determine tumors)

43

Transverse is cut how?

hamburger style

44

sagittal is cut how?

hot dog style

45

frontal is cut how?

front and back (like stopping halfway through a screen)