Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

Honors Anatomy & Physiology > Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (37):
1

Includes (2)
what does each do?

passages- transport air to and from lungs
air sacs- gas exchange btwn atmosphere and body cells

2

Function of Respiratory System?

obtain O2 and remove CO2 from body
-cells require O2 to extract energy from nutrients

3

Organs of Respiratory System (10)

1. Nose
2. Nasal Cavity
3.Paranasal Sinuses
4.Pharynx (throat)
5.Larynx (voice box)
6.Vocal Folds
7.Glottis
8.Epiglottis
9.Trachea (windpipe)
10.Lungs (contain Alveoli)

4

Nose
contains what (2)? entrance for air is called?

bone & cartilage for support
nostrils (nares)- entrance for air

5

Nasal Cavity
def? contains (2)? def of structures? what do they do?

space posterior to nose
nasal septum- divides cavity medially
nasal chonchae- system of curled bones from wall of cavity
-divides cavity into passageways
-increases surface area of mucous membrane
-filters, warms, and moistens incoming air

6

Paranasal Sinuses
def? what does it do? description? known to be a...?

air filled spaces in skull- open into nasal cavity
reduce skull weight
lined w/ mucous membrane (green stuff that drains out)
is a resonant chamber for speech

7

Pharynx (throat)
location? contains? function? 3 parts are...?

posterior to mouth
houses tonsils
passageway for food and air
3 parts: Nasopharynx, Oropharynx, Larynopharynx

8

(Pharynx (throat))
Nasopharynx
location?

(high, by nose)
@ back of nostrils

9

(Pharynx (throat))
Oropharynx
location?

(stick out tongue)
middle section, back of throat

10

(Pharynx (throat))
Larynopharynx
location?

(low)
above larynx

11

Larynx (voice box)
function? contains? composed of?

connects trachea and pharynx
houses vocal cords
composed of muscle & cartilage bound by elastic tissue

12

(Larynx (voice box))
Largest cartilage areas? descriptions of each? (3)

Thyroid cartilage- shield like
-Laryngeal Prominence- Adam's apple
Cricoid cartilage- lowest portion of larynx, ring shaped

13

Vocal Folds
def? appear how? why? what is produced? involves (3) conditions?

(aka vocal cords)
ligaments of elastic fibers- 1 pair
appear white- no blood vessels
vibrate producing sound as air rushes up from lungs
pitch (tone)
Intensity (loudness)
false vocal folds

14

(Vocal Folds)
Pitch (tone)
controlled by?

(around folds)
controlled by contracting & relaxing laryngeal muscles

15

(Vocal Folds)
Intensity (loudness)
definition?

force of air over folds

16

False vocal cords
location? functions?

superior to vocal folds
help close glottis (the opening)
not involved in sound

17

Glottis
def? function? location of function?

OPENING btwn vocal folds
when closed prevents food entering trachea
muscles close glottis @ false vocal folds

18

Epiglottis
def? function? what occurs during swallowing? what does this do?

FLAP like structure attached to glottis
allows air to enter larynx
during swallowing: epiglottis presses downward to cover laryngeal opening
-prevents food & liquids entering trachea

19

Trachea (windpipe)
description? contains? location? lined w/? function?

flexible tube 2.5cm diameter & 12.5cm long
C-shaped rings hyaline cartilage, smooth muscle, connective tissue
in front of esophagus
lined w/ mucous membranes and goblet cells (secrete mucous)
FUNCTION: traps particles to move them away from lungs

20

Lungs
description? enclosed by? surrounded by? made up of (5) structures that are...?

soft, spongy, cone shaped
enclosed by diaphragm and thoracic cavity
surrounded by double layer of serous membrane
-visceral pleura
-parietal pleura
-pleural cavity
-right lung
-left lung

21

(Lungs)
visceral pleura
location?

attached to lung surface

22

(Lungs)
parietal pleura
location?

outer layer attached to wall of thoracic cavity

23

(Lungs)
pleural cavity
location?

very small gap btwn layers filled with serous fluid

24

(Lungs)
Right lung
made up of ?

3 lobes- superior, middle, & inferior lobes

25

(Lungs)
Left lung
made up of ?

2 lobes- superior & inferior lobes
(heart is in the way, so less lobes)

26

Which lung is bigger than the other ?

Right lung is bigger than the Left lung

27

what does pleura mean?

pleura means LUNG

28

Alveoli
how many in lungs? description? surrounded by? contain? function?

(pulmonary circuit) (alveoli are part of the lung)
300 million in lungs
sac-like structures surrounded by capillary network
simple squamous epithelium (so diffusion btwn cappilaries & alveoi)
function: gas exchange btwn lungs & blood

29

What structure is damaged w/ black lung?

Alveoli

30

Non-Respiratory Air Movements
include (6)...?

Coughing
Sneezing
Hiccuping
Crying
Laughing
Yawning

31

Coughing
def? purpose?

-long, deep inhale followed by strong exhale
-clears foreign body from larynx, pharynx, epiglottis

32

Sneezing
def? what is actually occurring?

-Spasmodic contraction of muscles or exhalation
-irritation of nasal mucosa

33

Hiccuping
def? what's produced? what is actually occurring?

-Spasmodic contraction of diaphragm, followed by spasmodic closure of larynx (produces sharp sound on inhalation)
-irritation of sensory nerve endings of gastrointestinal tract

34

Crying
def? what occurs? type of response to what?

-inhalation followed by air release in short exhalations
-vocal cords vibrate
-emotional response

35

Laughing
how does this compare to crying? (3)

-same basic movements as crying
-facial expressions differ crying crying
-emotional repsonse

36

Yawning
def? purpose? cause?

-deep inhale, jaws wide open
-ventilates alveoli
-precise cause unknown

37

what are the non-respiratory air movements all controlled by?

They are all controlled by the nervous system