Special Senses Review Flashcards Preview

Honors Anatomy & Physiology > Special Senses Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Special Senses Review Deck (39):
1

type of sensation depends on the destination of what?

the nerve impulse

2

the conscious awareness & interpretation of sensations

perception

3

example of a special sense receptor would be located where?

in the head, eyes, ears, mouth

4

what help us determine body position, movement, and weight discrimination

proprioceptors

5

most sense receptors are located on or near the surface of the body are called what?

exteroceptors

6

type of pain receptor that is stimulated from physical or chemical tissues damage

nociceptors

7

mechanical stimuli cause ______ to sense when there is deformation or stretching of cells

mechanoreceptors

8

what receptor senses changes in temp?

thermoreceptors

9

______ transmit the impulses for the sense of taste and smell

chemoreceptors

10

perception is intrepreted in the _____ of the brain

cerebral cortex

11

inner most tunic of the eye

retina

12

2 types of visual receptors

rods & cones

13

part of the eye that controls the amount of light entering the eye

iris

14

region associated w/ the sharpest vision

fovea centralis

15

site of aqueous humor production

ciliary process (in ciliary body)

16

most refraction of light occurs in the ....

cornea

17

what attaches the lens to the ciliary body

zonula fibers, suspensory ligaments

18

cornea and lens get nutrients & oxygen from the ...

aqueous humor

19

anterior continuation of the sclera is called the...

cornea

20

area that lacks photoreceptors is known as the...

optic disc

21

3 pigment colors that cones are stimulated by are ...

blue red green

22

only _____ are found in the fovea centralis

cones

23

bending of light as it passes from 1 medium to another is called...

refraction

24

a person has a ________ if vision is blurred due to unequal curvatures of the lens or cornea

astigmatism

25

another name for 'nearsightedness' is...

myopia

26

the fluid contained within the membraneous labyrinth

endolymph

27

hair cells of the organ of corti rest on the ______ membrane

basilar

28

grains of calcium carbonate located on the maculae are called -----

otoliths

29

the _____, 3 smallest bones in the bady are located in the middle ear

auditory ossicles

30

when sound waves enter the outer ear they push against the ______ to make it vibrate

tympanic membrane (eardrum)

31

when the basilar membrane moves, it pulls on the auditory receptors, the ______, which are anchored to the ____ membrane

hair cells
basilar

32

semicircular canals contain the fluid...

endolymph

33

each semicircular canal has an enlarged area called the ____ contains receptor cells called ____

ampulla
cristae

34

the semicircular canals detect ____ equilibrium

dynamic

35

when the head is stationary in any position, is the endolymph moving?

no

36

hearing receptors are located in the ......

organ of corti

37

hair cells of vestibule are stimulated by the bending of the hear ____ and ___

forward & backward

38

organs of dynamic equilibrium are the ____ & _____

semicircular duct
cristae ampullaris

39

fluid contained in the osseous membrane is called...

perilymph