Urinary System Review Flashcards Preview

Honors Anatomy & Physiology > Urinary System Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary System Review Deck (32):
1

Functions of the urinary system

regulatory- mainly things in blood
hormone production
waste excretion

2

What is the functional unit of the kidney?

nephron

3

The ____ kidney is lower than the ____ kidney

right, left

4

A layer of fat, called what cushions, protects, and supports each kidney?

adipose capsule

5

the regions of the kidney include the outer region ___, inner region ___, and inner collecting area ___.

renal cortex
renal medulla
renal pelvis

6

Kidney structures : triangular regions of tissue in the medulla

renal pyraminds

7

Kidney structures : extensions of cortex-like material inward

renal columns

8

Kidney structures : cup shaped structures that funnel urine into renal pelvis

calyces

9

blood flow to the kidneys arts in the ___ artery to the entire kidney

renal

10

blood flow to each nephron is through the ___ ___.

interlobular artery
afferent arteriole

11

the ball of capillaries in the nephron is the ___

glomerulus

12

the ___ arteriole drains the nephron

efferent

13

the ___ ___ drains blood from the kidney

renal vein

14

the main parts of a nephron are : ___ captures filtrate from glomerulus

glomerular capsule (bowman's capsule)

15

the main parts of a nephron are : ___ reabsorbs most materials

proximal convoluted tubules

16

the main parts of a nephron are : ___ reabsorbs water & salt making urine more dilute

convoluted tubules (proximal and distal)

17

the main parts of a nephron are : __ balances electrolytes

nephron

18

the 3 urine formation processes are: ______ formation of fluid by the glomerulus

glomerular fitration

19

the 3 urine formation processes are: ____ return of needed substances to blood

tubular reabsorption

20

the 3 urine formation processes are: ____ active removal of wastes from blood into tubules

tubular secretion

21

Normal output rate of urine?

1-2 Liters/day

22

inner wall folds of the bladder is also called?

rugae

23

What are some symptoms of one experiencing renal failure?

nausea, extreme bloating, yellow eyeballs, lack of urine produced

24

maintains water and electrolyte balance of blood

kidnet

25

serves as a storage area for urine

urinary bladder

26

transports urine to the body exterior

urethra

27

transports arterial blood to the kidney

renal artery

28

produces urine

kidney

29

smooth membrane clinging tightly to kidney surface

renal capsule

30

portion of kidney containing mostly collecting ducts

renal medulla

31

portion of kidney containing bulk of the nephron structures

renal cortex

32

basinlike area of the kidney, continuous with ureter

renal pelvis