Flashcards in Urinary System Review Deck (32):
Functions of the urinary system
regulatory- mainly things in blood
What is the functional unit of the kidney?
The ____ kidney is lower than the ____ kidney
A layer of fat, called what cushions, protects, and supports each kidney?
the regions of the kidney include the outer region ___, inner region ___, and inner collecting area ___.
Kidney structures : triangular regions of tissue in the medulla
Kidney structures : extensions of cortex-like material inward
Kidney structures : cup shaped structures that funnel urine into renal pelvis
blood flow to the kidneys arts in the ___ artery to the entire kidney
blood flow to each nephron is through the ___ ___.
the ball of capillaries in the nephron is the ___
the ___ arteriole drains the nephron
the ___ ___ drains blood from the kidney
the main parts of a nephron are : ___ captures filtrate from glomerulus
glomerular capsule (bowman's capsule)
the main parts of a nephron are : ___ reabsorbs most materials
proximal convoluted tubules
the main parts of a nephron are : ___ reabsorbs water & salt making urine more dilute
convoluted tubules (proximal and distal)
the main parts of a nephron are : __ balances electrolytes
the 3 urine formation processes are: ______ formation of fluid by the glomerulus
the 3 urine formation processes are: ____ return of needed substances to blood
the 3 urine formation processes are: ____ active removal of wastes from blood into tubules
Normal output rate of urine?
inner wall folds of the bladder is also called?
What are some symptoms of one experiencing renal failure?
nausea, extreme bloating, yellow eyeballs, lack of urine produced
maintains water and electrolyte balance of blood
serves as a storage area for urine
transports urine to the body exterior
transports arterial blood to the kidney
smooth membrane clinging tightly to kidney surface
portion of kidney containing mostly collecting ducts
portion of kidney containing bulk of the nephron structures