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Flashcards in Chapter 1 part 2 Deck (24)

Define symbolic interactionist theory (3)

Use of the micro view of families to explore interactions between family members
Does this by expanding the the concepts of status and role
Examines the meanings each sees to the others values and words


Define status according to symbolic interactionist theory

a social position that carries a set of expectations concerning suitable behaviour


Define role according to he symbolic interactionist theory

The behaviour expected of a person who has a particular status


Define role-taking according to symbolic interactionist theory

Putting oneself in anothers place


Define role strain according to symbolic interactionist theory

A sense of discomfort or tension felt by one who has difficulty meeting role expectations


Strengths of symbolic interactionist theory

It has been used for a basis of family therapy,

Emphasizes peoples own responsibility in shaping their own view of the world


Weaknesses of symbolic interactionist theory

Its micro view: zoomed in scope does not allow it to consider the impact of society on family

Does not explain society wide changes in families


What 5 rules govern family systems theory

1. Anything that affects one part of the family affects all of the family
2. Roles must be complementary
3. Families contain subsystems or smaller groupings of members within a family
4. systems and subsystems have boundaries, defining who is a member
5. Rules are used to regulate how the family system is operated


Strengths of family systems theory (3)

Impact of one person's behaviour affects everyone else

Explains destructive behaviour across generations

Many therapists use it as a basis for work with families


Weaknesses of family systems (3)

1. Concentration on the family system overlooks experiences of individuals
2. Assumes destructive behaviour is a vicious cycle
3. Little reference to social factors


Define exchange theory (3)

States that family life can be viewed as costs and benefits
Based on individual's wants and needs
Explains decision-making in families


Exchange theory says what about the husband-wife relationship?

The husband usually has more control because he has more resources with which to bargain


Weakness of Exchange theory

can't explain family dynamic theory well since it is based on the individual, not the family

assumes people always behave in self-interest


Feminist exchange theory definition (4)

1. Examines from micro and macro perspectives
2. Family relations are based on patriarchy
3. criticizes structural functional theory for supporting patriarchal view
4. Focus on family issues that are of greater importance to women


Define gender socialization

The process by which people learn what behaviours are not socially appropriate for their sex.


Criticism of feminist theory

too much emphasis on the role gender plays in social interaction


Define ecological theory

1. looks at the relationship between family and society
2. Sees family as an interlocking system that influence each other at five levels
3. consists of five rings of influence outside of the individual


what are the five rings of influence outside of the individual?

Microsystem, Mesosystem,


Define the microsystem

family, peers, work


Define the mesosystem

interaction of two or more groups (family, school, peers, work) of which the individual is a member


Define the exosystem

A setting where the individual does not play an active part (religion, economy), but it has an effect upon them through the other two smaller systems


Define the macrosystem

a systems culture, ideology, and beliefs


Define the chronosystem

the dimension of time as it relates to the social development


strengths of the ecological theory

Explanation of how society and family interact
Addresses family relationships in the microsystem