Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (21):
1

what two functions does a wedding ceremony provide?

1. Public acknowledgement of the creation of a new family
2. A ritual organized by the family, marking change in status and roles among family members

2

why has the marriage rate declined in recent times?

increase in those never married, and those divorced, and because cohabitation is now more accepted

3

what is the marriage rate

a measurement of marriages that occur in a given year

4

what are three reasons that marriage is occurring later

1. Women have greater levels of education
2. Poorer opportunities for young workers
3. An increase in proportion of couples living together before marriage

5

Define monogamy

marriage to only one person at a time

6

Define serial monogamy

Marriage to a string of people, but only one at a time

7

Define polygamy

Marriage of one person to more than one person of the opposite sex

8

Define polygyny

Marriage of one man to several wives

9

Define sororal polygyny

marriage of one man to several sisters

10

Define polyandry

Marriage of one woman to more than one man

11

Under the law, how is marriage defined?

the union of two people to the exclusion of all others

12

age for marriage to occur?

Both partners must be 18 years old, but 16 if parental consent is present

13

When does conventional roles have distinct advantages?

as long as marriage lasts and employment is secure

14

What are disadvantages to conventional roles? (2)

1. little security for woman
2. with only one wage earner, families have less security in poor economic times

15

Define conventional roles

A marriage with a bread winner husband and a homemaking wife

16

Define shared roles

Most common type of role
Both partners work and share household responsibilities

17

Define dual career roles

a marriage where both partners are committed to their careers. More likely to share equally both household responsibilities and power

18

Define reverse conventional roles

Breadwinner wife and house making husband

19

what percentage of marriages are reverse conventional?

11% in 2005

20

When does status of common law occur?

after 2-3 years of cohabitation

21

5 differences cohabitation has from marriage

1. marriage is more permanent
2. no waiting period for legal rights
3. cohabiting people are usually less religious
4. married people have a less accepting attitude of divorce
5. married people more likely to pool financial resources