Chapter 14 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 part 2 Deck (20):
1

Which of the following is true regarding sexual abuse?
a. Children ask for it by being seductive.
b. Any child faces the same level of risk.
c. Emotionally deprived children are particularly vulnerable.
d. Most perpetrators are casual acquaintances.

c. Emotionally deprived children are particularly vulnerable

2

What do critics of spanking as a form of discipline state?
a. Mild spanking does no harm.
b. Their parents spanked them and they hated it.
c. The severity of spanking usually increases.
d. Parents have been directed by God to use it.

c. The severity of spanking usually increases.

3

Which kinds of parents are more likely to become abusive?
a. those in the middle class
b. those with high levels of stress
c. those with unhappy marriages
d. those who live in houses rather than apartments


b. those with high levels of stress

4

Which of the following is least likely to be true of physically abusive parents?
a. They do not love their children.
b. They have poor coping resources.
c. They have difficulty seeing the situation from the child’s perspective.
d. They perceive parenting as very stressful.

a. They do not love their children.

5

Laura has been under a great deal of stress lately. Her husband recently left her and she is living on welfare for the first time in her life. She is also having problems with her son, Jamie. Under which of the following circumstances is Laura most likely to physically abuse Jamie?
a. if she feels she has no control over the situation
b. if her parents give her emotional support
c. if she feels that Jamie’s misbehaviour arises from the family changes
d. if she feels Jamie was “born bad”

a. if she feels she has no control over the situation

6

For an adult to abuse a child sexually, he or she must be sexually aroused by children. What also must occur?
a. He or she must have children readily available.
b. He or she must be likely to act on that arousal.
c. He or she must come from an underprivileged family.
d. He or she must be suffering from mental illness.

b. He or she must be likely to act on that arousal.

7

Which of the following is a characteristic of many sexually abusive parents?
a. Their families are well-connected.
b. They have few opportunities for extramarital sexual activity.
c. Many believe they are promoting their child’s welfare.
d. Their marriage is often sexually and emotionally unsatisfying.

d. Their marriage is often sexually and emotionally unsatisfying

8

In families where there is sexual abuse, who is often at risk?
a. the youngest daughter
b. the oldest daughter
c. the youngest son
d. the oldest son

b. the oldest daughter

9

The greatest stigma is attached to which kind of incest?
a. father–daughter incest
b. brother–sister incest
c. mother–child incest
d. grandfather–grandchild incest

c. mother–child incest

10

Which of the following best describes violence between siblings?
a. It is more common among teens than younger children.
b. It is often seen as a normal part of growing up.
c. It is reported to police more than abuse by parents.
d. It is often the result of using language to settle disputes.

b. It is often seen as a normal part of growing up.

11

Which of the following partly explains why there is little research on sexual abuse or violence by siblings?
a. it occurs so rarely that researchers cannot find enough children to study
b. it is not considered a normal part of growing up
c. violence by children is seen but not seen as violence
d. there is a general attitude that “girls will be girls”

c. violence by children is seen but not seen as violence

12

Which of the following would be considered sibling sexual abuse?
a. an 18-year-old brother has intercourse with his 12-year-old sister three times a week
b. two 5-year-old boys take turns touching each other “down there”
c. sexual play occurs between twin sisters that is voluntary and mutual
d. a brother and a sister who are one year apart in age engage in healthy sexual exploration

a. an 18-year-old brother has intercourse with his 12-year-old sister three times a week

13

Which of the following is the most common form of sibling sexual abuse?
a. by an older brother against a younger sister
b. by a younger brother against an older sister
c. by an older brother against a younger brother
d. by an older sister against a younger sister

a. by an older brother against a younger sister

14

Which of the following is usually true regarding cases where children abuse their parents?
a. Younger children tend to be more violent than older ones.
b. They are pre-teens.
c. They are financially independent.
d. They use assault to gain power and control in the family.

d. They use assault to gain power and control in the family.

15

Which of the following best describes most children who abuse their parents?
a. They live away from the home.
b. They are dependent on their parents for financial support.
c. They abuse fathers more than mothers.
d. They are in their early teens.

b. They are dependent on their parents for financial support.

16

Which of the following best describes children who have been abused?
a. They may have a variety of long-term problems.
b. They do not suffer any serious effects.
c. They recover from emotional effects by time they are in their 20s.
d. They have problems into adulthood only if they are female.

a. They may have a variety of long-term problems.

17

What do social service agencies do in less severe cases of child abuse?
a. They may remove the child until the home becomes safe.
b. They seek permanent custody of the child.
c. They hurry the child into an adoptive home.
d. They send the parents for counselling.

a. They may remove the child until the home becomes safe.

18

Which of the following is a problem in reporting cases of child abuse in Canada?
a. both national and provincial governments are involved
b. there is no standard definition of child abuse
c. police cannot interfere in family matters
d. only another family member can report the abuse

b. there is no standard definition of child abuse

19

In child abuse cases, child welfare authorities experience contradictory pressures. What do these pressures include?
a. the demand that they prosecute offenders and the belief that they provide counselling
b. the expectation that they teach proper parenting and the demand that they counsel victims
c. the expectation they will prevent abuse and the criticism that they snatch children
d. the demand that they remove children from their homes and the criticism that they provide treatment

c. the expectation they will prevent abuse and the criticism that they snatch children

20

Which of the following best describes many programs for abusive families?
a. They are well funded and well-staffed.
b. They emphasize re-educating parents.
c. They are available to all families needing them.
d. They believe that preserving families might endanger children.

b. They emphasize re-educating parents.