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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (30):
1

What does the “Noah’s ark syndrome” refer to?
a. stepfamilies
b. lone-parent families
c. two-parent families
d. cohabiting couples

two-parent families

2

Which of the following is an example of stigma against lone-parent families?
a. They are referred to as incomplete.
b. They are part of the Noah’s ark syndrome.
c. Family benefits are calculated based on the number of parents in the home.
d. They are penalized by the tax system.

They are referred to as incomplete.

3

According to the text, what was the fastest-growing family type in Canada for many years?
a. the nuclear family
b. the lone-parent family
c. the stepfamily
d. the same-sex family

the lone-parent family

4

What does the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth state about children born in recent years?
a. They will continue to experience lone-parent family living at about the current rate.
b. They are more likely to spend their entire childhood with a lone parent.
c. They will experience lone-parent family living younger than earlier generations.
d. They do not have male role models because they live with lone mothers.

c. They will experience lone-parent family living younger than earlier generations.

5

Which of the following is true about lone-parent families?
a. they are generally similar
b. they are increasingly rare
c. most follow the same path
d. there is much diversity

there is much diversity

6

Which term does Statistics Canada use to refer to a family in which all children in the household are the biological and/or adopted children of both members of the couple?
a. normal
b. standard
c. intact
d. unbroken

intact

7

In 2011, lone-parent families accounted for which percentage of all census families?
a. 28.6 percent
b. 19.7 percent
c. 16.3 percent
d. 12.1 percent

16.3 percent

8

Which of the following is true of lone-parent families headed by a male?
a. the proportion of these families is growing
b. the proportion of these families is decreasing
c. they are more likely to be poor than lone-parent families headed by a female
d. they tend to last longer than lone-parent families headed by a female

the proportion of these families is growing

9

What is true about the actual proportion of Canadian families who have ever experienced lone parenthood?
a. it is the often same as the number of divorces in any single year
b. it is often less than the number of divorces reported in any single year
c. it is much lower than the total number reported in any single year
d. it is much higher than the total number reported in any single year

it is much higher than the total number reported in any single year

10

In 2011, which province had the highest proportion of lone-parent families?
a. Nova Scotia
b. Alberta
c. Ontario
d. Quebec

a. Nova Scotia

11

In the 2006 Census, which group had the lowest proportion of lone-parent families?
a. Somali
b. Jamaican
c. Chinese
d. Haitian

c. Chinese

12

In 2011, which group was more likely than others to have lone-parent families?
a. non-visible minorities
b. Aboriginal families
c. Canadian-born immigrants
d. South Asians

b. Aboriginal families

13

In 1961, how did the majority of lone-parent families begin?
a. with unwed mothers
b. following the death of a spouse
c. following divorce
d. with single fathers

b. following the death of a spouse

14

In 2011, what was the most common legal marital status for lone parents?
a. never married
b. widowed
c. divorced or separated
d. cohabiting

c. divorced or separated

15

Why have we seen an overall increase in the number of single teen mothers?
a. the rate of teen pregnancy is increasing
b. more teen mothers place their babies for adoption
c. fewer teen mothers are married
d. there are more teen females

c. fewer teen mothers are married

16

Jane became a lone parent when her husband died. Which of the following likely describes Jane in comparison to never-married and divorced parents?
a. She is more likely to remarry because she is more positive toward marriage.
b. She is less likely to remarry because she is too dependent on her children.
c. She is more likely to remarry because men prefer widowed to divorced women.
d. She is less likely to remarry because she is probably older.

She is less likely to remarry because she is probably older.

17

Elise, Sarah, Jess, and Madhur are all single lone mothers. Who is most likely to marry, separate, divorce, and remarry?
a. Elise, a teen mother
b. Sarah, a widowed mother
c. Jess, a cohabiting mother
d. Madhur, a lesbian mother

Madhur, a lesbian mother

18

Which of the following groups has the greatest chance of being financially stable?
a. never-married single mothers
b. divorced women
c. widows
d. teenage mothers living at home

widows

19

In the past, how was the lone-parent family needing financial aid often regarded?
a. as being eligible for help only if it included a deserted unwed mother
b. as being personally responsible for their economic problems
c. as requiring sympathy and understanding rather than condemnation
d. as needing financial help rather than suspicion from officials

as being personally responsible for their economic problems

20

What did the original legislation establishing Mother’s Allowance do?
a. It made all female lone parents eligible.
b. It strictly defined who was eligible for financial help.
c. It provided benefits for all lone parents, male or female.
d. It provided benefits for all female lone parents except widows.

It strictly defined who was eligible for financial help.

21

Which group has the lowest average total incomes?
a. lone-parent families
b. cohabiting couples
c. stepfamilies with more than two children
d. married couples with more than three children

lone-parent families

22

According to the text, one way to break single parents’ dependency on social assistance involves policies that do which of the following?
a. support them getting more education and finding better jobs
b. increase the Canada Child Tax Benefit
c. encourage them to get married
d. help them find adoptive families for their children

support them getting more education and finding better jobs

23

In 2010, regulated childcare spaces could accommodate what percentage of Canadian children 0 to 12 years old?
a. 10.6 percent
b. 19.9 percent
c. 32.5 percent
d. 48.7 percent

19.9 percent

24

According to the text, what was the main reason for the employment and income of lone mothers in Canada increasing between 1980 and 2000?
a. Lone mothers at this time were more likely to be divorced than teen parents.
b. The cost of living did not rise as significantly during this time as had been predicted.
c. More government funding became available to support lone-parent families.
d. Lone mothers at this time tended to be older and have higher education.

Lone mothers at this time tended to be older and have higher education.

25

If Sandi is like other lone parents, what does the text suggest is likely to be true of her financial/employment situation?
a. She will likely be discouraged from working because of difficulty finding reliable and affordable childcare.
b. She will likely be striving to increase her professional training so that she can get a better job.
c. She will likely have a steady income because of the Mother’s Allowance.
d. She will likely earn more than her peers of comparable ages without children.

She will likely be discouraged from working because of difficulty finding reliable and affordable childcare.

26

Which lone parents are most likely to be at risk for income instability?
a. widowers
b. divorced
c. younger
d. older

younger

27

Syrah is a lone parent. If her experience is similar to the majority, what will she experience?
a. no problems finding quality affordable daycare
b. an employer who is sympathetic toward her difficulties
c. a dead-end job with little chance for promotion
d. the same income level and childcare problems as lone fathers

a dead-end job with little chance for promotion

28

What is the level of income below which an individual or family is considered to be living in poverty?
a. the standard of living
b. welfare
c. the level of necessities
d. the poverty line

the poverty line

29

Which of the following is a pressure exerted on mothers receiving welfare?
a. snitch lines
b. lack of interest from professionals who administer the welfare system
c. pressure to find the best job
d. pressure to stay home to raise her children

snitch lines

30

What is the single largest expense for most lone mothers?
a. housing
b. food
c. transportation
d. daycare

housing