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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (20):
1

When did the idea of middle age originate?
a. in the Victorian period
b. fairly recently
c. in medieval times
d. during the 1800s

fairly recently

2

According to the text, which of the following best describes the current midlife generation?
a. It consists of the baby boomers.
b. It is smaller than in previous decades.
c. It spends more time in child rearing than in previous decades.
d. It is very homogenous.

It consists of the baby boomers.

3

Between 1991 and 2021, what will happen to the number of Canadians aged 45 to 64?
a. It will stay the same.
b. It will double.
c. It will triple.
d. It will decrease slightly.

It will double.

4

What general statement can we make about the middle years of life?
a. Almost all men are concentrating on career achievement.
b. The main interest of most middle-age women is children and grandchildren.
c. There are enormous differences among middle-aged people.
d. Middle-aged individuals are more alike than different.

There are enormous differences among middle-aged people.

5

Which of the following is a characteristic of the midlife group?
a. their diversity
b. their unusual similarity
c. their rapid physical decline
d. their child rearing

their diversity

6

According to the text, what is meant by “the midlife years are transitional”?
a. Men experience a midlife crisis.
b. There is an increase in marital pleasure.
c. There is a shift in family relationships.
d. Women are seen as deteriorating physically.

There is a shift in family relationships.

7

What is the term for the many changes that occur during the middle years of the family life cycle?
a. crisis prone
b. morphogenetic
c. provisional
d. transitional

transitional

8

Hugo and Anna are midlife parents. Their adult daughter Adele is married with her own child. According to the text, what is likely to be an important task for this family?
a. redrawing family boundaries and redefining individual roles
b. preventing a midlife crisis by developing new hobbies and interests
c. directing extra financial resources towards retirement
d. renegotiating the marital system as a dyad

redrawing family boundaries and redefining individual roles

9

What is the term for a life event that can produce a change in the family system?
a. transformation
b. midlife crisis
c. transition
d. stressor

stressor

10

According to the text, what is the most important resource for meeting the challenges of midlife transitions?
a. friends
b. family
c. co-workers
d. therapists

family

11

Which of the following is the advantage that many middle-aged Canadians have in dealing with life-stage challenges?
a. They are well supported by a long-term peer group.
b. They have adult children who are largely self-sufficient.
c. They have high levels of practical knowledge.
d. They have learned to let go of the things they cannot change.

They have high levels of practical knowledge.

12

Which term describes the focus on one’s legacy, such as having children and passing on something of value to younger generations?
a. midlife crisis
b. life goals
c. self-reflection
d. generativity

generativity

13


13. What did Erik Erikson believe is the key issue in middle age?
a. the development of intimacy and relationship maintenance
b. introspection regarding future goals
c. passing something of value on to younger generations
d. dealing with the competing demands of work and family

passing something of value on to younger generations

14

What are the two age periods of midlife?
a. 30 to 50 and 50 to 65
b. mid 30s to mid 40s and mid 40s to mid 60s
c. early 40s to late 50s and late 50s to early 70s
d. 45 to 55 and 55 to 65

early 40s to late 50s and late 50s to early 70s

15

Sonja and Eli are in the second half of middle age. According to the text, what are they most likely focused on?

a. liberation and experimentation
b. death and dying
c. self-evaluation and transition
d. caretaking and parenting

liberation and experimentation

16

According to Erik Erikson, what is the chief developmental task of midlife?
a. intimacy
b. life review
c. generativity
d. creativity

generativity

17

What does the term “midlife crisis” refer to?
a. a life event that can produce change in the extended family system
b. the depression some women experience when the last child leaves home
c. a period of extreme strain as a person evaluates his or her life in middle age
d. the stress experienced by middle-aged adults who face the disability of their parents

a period of extreme strain as a person evaluates his or her life in middle age

18

Josh has bought new, more fashionable clothes; started working out at the gym; bought a new sports car; separated from his wife; and found a glamorous young girlfriend. According to the text, these are signs of which of the following?
a. a generativity shift
b. marital boredom
c. a midlife crisis
d. midlife schizophrenia

a midlife crisis

19

Which of the following has been seen as the most important form of generativity?
a. having children
b. producing works of art
c. career and public life
d. financial success

career and public life

20

As men’s and women’s social roles become more similar, what is likely to happen?
a. women will start to worry about generativity
b. generativity will become less important for both men and women
c. men will experience routes to generativity more closely resembling women’s
d. women will experience routes to generativity more closely resembling men’s

women will experience routes to generativity more closely resembling men’s