Chapter 8 part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 part 3 Deck (28):
1

For 45 years, Harriet’s life was centred on her husband and family. When Harriet’s husband died, what did she probably experience?
a. a loss of identity
b. a gain in status
c. less contact with her daughter
d. an increase in shared social customs

a loss of identity

2

Why do women typically tend to manage better than men after the death of a spouse?
a. Because they depend on children and friends for social and emotional support.
b. Because they know that men typically die at a younger age.
c. Because their commitment is more to their children than to their spouse.
d. Because they never had to rely on their husbands for emotional support

Because they depend on children and friends for social and emotional support.

3

According to the text, the first psychological task confronting widowed people is grief over the loss. What is next?
a. working out practical issues regarding housing and finances
b. planning a suitable memorial for the deceased spouse
c. commitment to their own continuing life
d. commitment to their children and grandchildren

commitment to their own continuing life

4

Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross identified five stages the dying person goes through if given enough time before death. Which stage is described as an attempt to postpone death by making some kind of promise in exchange for more time to live?
a. denial
b. depression
c. bargaining
d. acceptance

bargaining

5

For whom do long-term economic hardships tend to be greater following a spouse’s death?
a. men, because they are usually dependent on wives’ income
b. men, because they do not remarry as often as women
c. women, because they are more likely to support a second husband
d. women, because their pensions are often limited

women, because their pensions are often limited

6

What is the marital status of most men over the age of 65?
a. widowed
b. divorced
c. single
d. married

married

7

Why are men more likely than women to remarry?
a. They have more close relationships than women.
b. There are more eligible women than men available.
c. Their children are more likely to encourage them to remarry.
d. They want to receive a survivor’s pension.

There are more eligible women than men available.

8

Which is true about couples’ satisfaction later in life?
a. Those who were happy previously continue to be happy.
b. Those who were less satisfied in earlier decades become increasingly dissatisfied.
c. Those who were most happy are likely to experience the greatest decreases in happiness.
d. Conflict increases regardless of how satisfied they were in their earlier relationships.

Those who were happy previously continue to be happy.

9

What happens to frequency of sex over time among those under the age of 74 who are sexually active?
a. It tends to increase.
b. It does not decrease much.
c. It decreases a great deal.
d. It depends on the health of the female partner.

It does not decrease much.

10

Which is true regarding research on sibling relationships among older adults?
a. it has focused largely on the baby boomer generation
b. it is largely limited to twin studies
c. it has received little attention until recently.
d. it is conflicting due to diverse methodological approaches

it has received little attention until recently.

11

Which elderly people are especially dependent on siblings?
a. the widowed with children
b. the married childless
c. the married with children
d. the never married

the never married

12

According to the text, how do childless older people make up for the fact that they have no children?
a. they have active social networks
b. they have many pets
c. they bring foster children into their home
d. they travel constantly

they have active social networks

13

Which of the following best describes the relationship between older people and their children?
a. It is one-sided, with children helping parents.
b. It usually involves mutual assistance.
c. It usually depends on the presence of grandchildren.
d. It is one-sided, with parents helping children.

It usually involves mutual assistance.

14

What does the emotional closeness of grandparent and grandchild usually depend on?
a. the importance grandparents place on extended family
b. the relationship the grandparents have with the child’s parents
c. the grandparents’ financial resources
d. shared religious and moral values

the relationship the grandparents have with the child’s parents

15

How often do grandparents typically see a grandchild?
a. at least once a month
b. at least twice a month
c. at least once a week
d. at least three times a week

at least once a month

16

What happens when grandparents are involved with grandchildren?
a. The grandchildren have fewer emotional problems.
b. The grandchildren are less likely to report conflict at school.
c. The grandchildren have higher self-esteem.
d. The grandchildren report less prosocial behaviour.

The grandchildren have fewer emotional problems.

17

Following their own child’s divorce, why might grandparents keep a connection with their child’s ex-spouse?
a. The church insists that such ties can be broken only by death.
b. Access to grandchildren may depend on the ex-spouse’s goodwill.
c. They are drawn into the conflict between the estranged spouses.
d. They want to play their grandchildren against their divorced parents.

Access to grandchildren may depend on the ex-spouse’s goodwill.

18

When parents are unable to care for a child, who is most likely to take on a surrogate parenting role?
a. surrogate mothers
b. close friends
c. aunts and uncles
d. grandparents

grandparents

19

In 2011, what percent of children aged 14 years and under lived in households that contained at least one grandparent?
a. 2 percent
b. 5 percent
c. 11 percent
d. 16 percent

5 percent

20

Marnie and Walter have taken their six year-old granddaughter Sarah to live with them full-time after Sarah’s parents got a divorce. Which of the following statements is true?
a. Marnie and Walter will automatically become the legal custodians of Sarah as soon as she moves in with them.
b. Marnie and Walter will become the legal custodians of Sarah three months after she moves in with them.
c. Marnie and Walter will have to formally adopt Sarah if they want to become her legal custodians.
d. Sarah can decide who will be her legal custodians.

Marnie and Walter will have to formally adopt Sarah if they want to become her legal custodians.

21

What is the attitude of many recent immigrants toward their elderly relatives?
a. They are grateful that there are institutions to care for the elderly.
b. They are more likely than third-generation Canadians to use institutional care.
c. They feel that putting a senior in a nursing home equals abandonment.
d. They send their parents back to the “old” country where there are more services.

They feel that putting a senior in a nursing home equals abandonment.

22

What are recent immigrants more likely to do with elderly relatives?
a. place them in a nursing home
b. live with them in a three-generation household
c. send them back to the country of origin
d. make use of community resources for seniors

live with them in a three-generation household

23

Among Aboriginal peoples, what was the traditional expectation of the grandparent generation?
a. They were considered useless once they could no longer hunt.
b. They were stigmatized for their constant dwelling on the past.
c. They were expected to provide for all their own needs without assistance.
d. They were responsible for socializing children.

They were responsible for socializing children.

24

Which of the following best describes the current role of elders among Aboriginal peoples?
a. The elder role as transmitter of culture is coming to be valued once again.
b. The elder role became important with the coming of Christian missions.
c. The elder role was a vital component of the original residential schools.
d. The elder role is disappearing nowadays since it is no longer valued.

The elder role as transmitter of culture is coming to be valued once again.

25

What role do present-day Aboriginal elders fill that traditional ones did not?
a. They participate in voluntary groups such as elders’ circles.
b. They teach core cultural and survival values.
c. They socialize their own as well as honorary grandchildren.
d. They are custodians of traditional culture.

They participate in voluntary groups such as elders’ circles.

26

What does the term “grey power” refer to?
a. the increasing concern with fitness among the elderly
b. the increase in family violence among the elderly
c. the growing political and economic clout of the elderly
d. the higher level of violent crime among the elderly

the growing political and economic clout of the elderly

27

Historically, family caregiving has been regarded in Canada as which of the following?
a. a waste of precious resources
b. a private responsibility
c. a federal responsibility
d. an area for public policy development

a private responsibility

28

How often is the Canada Pension Plan reviewed to determine whether the benefits and contribution rates should be changed to ensure that it remains fair and sustainable?
a. every year
b. every three years
c. every five years
d. every ten years

every three years