Chapter 12 part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 part 3 Deck (18):
1

In recent years, there has been a 100 percent increase in days taken off work for personal and family reasons. More than one-third of this increase is spent caring for which of the following?
a. an elderly relative
b. a spouse
c. unmarried siblings
d. children whose teachers are on strike

an elderly relative

2

As a result of elder care responsibilities, who is most likely to cut back on work hours?
a. sons
b. spouses
c. grandchildren
d. women

women

3

Which of the following is probably one’s first response to job loss?
a. acceptance and anticipation
b. anger and rage
c. worry and anxiety
d. shock and denial

shock and denial

4

For many years, Jake has supported his family as a miner. How does he probably feel now that he has been laid off?
a. he is happy to spend more time with his friends
b. he feels a sense of failure as a person
c. he feels a sense of freedom
d. he welcomes the opportunity to renovate his house

he feels a sense of failure as a person

5

Which of the following commonly is a wife’s response when her husband is laid off?
a. she finds a job or increases her work hours
b. she reduces her hours of work to spend more time with him
c. she considers separation because he is not living up to the male “provider” role
d. she pays all the bills immediately

she finds a job or increases her work hours

6

Which of the following affects the ease with which the family makes an adjustment to a lower income when a manager husband loses his job or has to take a lower-paying position?
a. the ability of older children to help out
b. the attitudes of family members
c. the desire to keep up appearances
d. the ability of the wife to take over the household finances

the attitudes of family members

7

Which of the following is a self-defined state of well-being that recognizes the inter-relatedness of work life and life apart from work?
a. the time crunch
b. work–family balance
c. burnout
d. madness

work–family balance

8

Which of the following is a state of physical and emotional exhaustion as a result of prolonged stress from trying to live up to impossible goals?
a. the time crunch
b. a normal weekend
c. burnout
d. madness

burnout

9

Which of the following could describe Lorraine, who is a perfectionist at work and whose husband expects her to keep the house spotless and take the children to numerous activities?
a. she may realize that all of this work is worth it
b. she may feel happy and satisfied in her marriage
c. she may spend more time at the office and less time at home
d. she may be a candidate for burnout

she may be a candidate for burnout

10

What can burnout lead to?
a. extramarital affairs
b. job loss or job sabotage
c. children in a family fearing the demands of adult work
d. decreases in one’s ability to cope with stress

decreases in one’s ability to cope with stress

11

Which of the following often happens when individuals are overstressed?
a. they will probably value family life, especially time with children, for relief
b. they spend more time at work to avoid family conflicts
c. they often will be irritable and angry over everyday hassles at home
d. they are unlikely to put pressure on their children to be especially cooperative

they often will be irritable and angry over everyday hassles at home

12

According to the text, which of the following often happens when individuals are burned out?
a. they will probably be quick to use proven stress-reducing techniques
b. they are very likely to hide all their work difficulties from their spouse
c. they welcome recreational activities to take their minds off the stress
d. they may be too tired to make active efforts to reduce stress

they may be too tired to make active efforts to reduce stress

13

According to the text, which of the following often happens when individuals are under extreme stress?
a. family relationships may become more harmonious by contrast
b. disagreements may escalate into serious marital conflict
c. their partners also become very stressed
d. their young children will probably provide long-term emotional support

disagreements may escalate into serious marital conflict

14

What is the term for a policy used to manage both work and family responsibilities that allows full-time employees to determine when they arrive at and when they leave work, providing they work a certain number of hours?
a. compressed workweek
b. telecommuting
c. time-crunch juggling
d. flextime

flextime

15

What is the term for a job with long workdays and three or four days off in succession?
a. flexible workplace
b. burnout fodder
c. compressed workweek
d. flextime

compressed workweek

16

The virtual office or telecommuting appeals to which of the following people?
a. those who want flexibility to schedule their daily work
b. those who have only a short commute to the office
c. those who find it difficult to juggle home and work
d. those who have good daycare arrangements for their children

those who want flexibility to schedule their daily work

17

How does job sharing differ from other part-time work?
a. Part-time work allows much more flexible hours.
b. Job sharing is a less secure form of employment.
c. In job sharing, two employees receive prorated salaries and benefits.
d. The job sharers are not considered regular employees.

In job sharing, two employees receive prorated salaries and benefits.

18

Who is most likely to use family-friendly work arrangements?
a. full-time workers in two-parent families with children under 16
b. single mothers with children under 6 years old
c. parents with adolescent children still living at home
d. traditional one-earner families with young children

full-time workers in two-parent families with children under 16