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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (29):
1

According to the text, what is one way of predicting the future of the family?
a. consider current trends that might continue
b. take account of future economic downturns
c. look at future government social and economic policies
d. allow for future immigration policies

a. consider current trends that might continue

2

Which of the following is a trend in the Canadian population?
a. Women are having babies at an earlier age.
b. The population is growing due to a high birthrate.
c. The population as a whole is getting older.
d. The baby-boom generation is now at a child-bearing age.

c. The population as a whole is getting older.

3

What is the fastest-growing age group in Canada?
a! 40- to 50-year-olds
b! 60- to 70-year-olds
c! 50- to 60-year-olds
d! those 85 and older

d! those 85 and older

4

According to the text, what is one practical question arising from the aging of the population?
a. How can younger generations keep in touch with grandparents?
b. How will widowed women take care of themselves financially?
c. How can salaries for service jobs, like caring for the elderly, be increased?
d. How will the care of seniors be paid for?

d. How will the care of seniors be paid for?

5

Many seniors, especially the younger ones, are paying much of their own way by means of private pensions, the Canada and Quebec Pension Plans, and savings. Why might this situation not continue into the future?
a. Younger people are uninterested in saving for their retirement.
b. The job market for young people is insecure and often not well paid.
c. Families will be unable to provide personal care for elderly relatives.
d. Seniors do not pay their fair share of taxes.

b. The job market for young people is insecure and often not well paid.

6

What is a dependency ratio?
a. a way of comparing dependants to providers in the workforce
b. the ratio of children to adults in a Canadian household
c. a ratio of debt to income
d. the ratio between private pensions and government-funded pensions


a. a way of comparing dependants to providers in the workforce

7

Which of the following is true of dependency ratios in Canada today?
a. They are higher than ever.
b. Reducing the number of new immigrants will offset high ratios.
c. Spending in education will drive up ratios.
d. They are rising as baby boomers retire.

d. They are rising as baby boomers retire.

8

What dilemma may be posed by the need of the elderly for more care as they age?
a. more nursing homes versus more home care services
b. more working women versus hiring more home help aides
c. more nursing homes versus higher taxes to pay for them
d. higher taxes versus increased service levels

a. more nursing homes versus more home care services

9

According to the text, what is one unexpected benefit of the aging of the population?
a. We are learning more about diseases of the elderly.
b. Less money is spent on primary and secondary education.
c. More generations coexist now than at any other time in history.
d. There is less ageism.

c. More generations coexist now than at any other time in history.

10

Which of the following is one trend that is likely to continue into the future?
a. The “traditional” family will continue to be the majority.
b. The number of “different” family forms will increase.
c. The birthrate will continue to increase.
d. A growing number of couples will choose marriage over cohabitation.

b. The number of “different” family forms will increase.

11

Which group has experienced the greatest increase in people living alone?
a. older women because of improved pensions
b. older men because they tend to outlive their wives
c. young men who have moved out of the emptying nest
d. young women who delay marriage even though they are parents

a. older women because of improved pensions

12

Which of the following is a change from past marriage patterns?
a. Fewer couples are cohabiting instead of marrying.
b. More same-sex couples are being legally married.
c. Divorce and remarriage have decreased.
d. More married women are bearing children.


b. More same-sex couples are being legally married.

13

What has happened as a result of changes in marriage and child-bearing patterns in recent years?
a. More children live in two-parent families than before.
b. Married couples are younger when they have children.
c. There is a decrease in the use of contraceptives and an increase in abortions.
d. More children live in stepfamilies than before.


d. More children live in stepfamilies than before.

14

Immigration patterns have changed since 1967. Where do many more people now come from?
a. Great Britain
b. Europe
c. Asia
d. Pacific islands

Asia

15

How has the traditional family life cycle changed?
a. New stages have been added to reflect new family forms.
b. The social time clock has become more insistent.
c. Social scripts that specify appropriate behaviour have become more rigid.
d. There has been a growing emphasis on family values.

a. New stages have been added to reflect new family forms.

16

What is the result of more women working outside the home?
a. There is increasing role flexibility between the sexes.
b. The breadwinner husband is increasing in popularity.
c. Marriages are more stable because spouses are equal partners.
d. Couples can afford to support more children.

a. There is increasing role flexibility between the sexes.

17

What will probably happen to the socialization of children in the coming years?
a. It will be managed more firmly by parents.
b. It will be left almost entirely to the media.
c. It will be under the control of more parent figures.
d. It will be more reliant on grandparents and other kin.

c. It will be under the control of more parent figures.

18

There appears to be a basic shift occurring in Canada from a patrilineal to a matrilineal society. The term “patrilineal” means that kinship is counted through which of the following?
a. biological parents
b. the mother
c. stepparents
d. the father

d. the father

19

In the 1940s and 1950s, what did forecasters predict would happen by the year 2000?
a. a huge increase in the death rate
b. a television in every home
c. a robot in every home to do the housework
d. a computer in every workplace

c. a robot in every home to do the housework

20

Advances in technology raise concerns about which of the following?
a. the practical effects of having a robot in every home
b. the ethics of experimentation on human embryos
c. the ethics of using communications technology
d. the elimination of the homemaker’s role

b. the ethics of experimentation on human embryos

21

Why is there concern over the effect of communications technology on family relationships?
a. Parents will supervise their children too closely through cell phones.
b. Parents’ willingness to learn about computers will erode children’s expertise.
c. Children’s expertise may erode parents’ authority.
d. Family meetings via videoconferencing are less fulfilling than face-to-face gatherings.

c. Children’s expertise may erode parents’ authority.

22

Which of the following is usually considered a benefit of communications technology?
a. Social media facilitates the development of relationships that are less demanding.
b. Family relationships are strengthened through social media.
c. Working parents keep in touch with their children with cell phones.
d. If you don’t get along with your family members, you can always find people through social networking.

c. Working parents keep in touch with their children with cell phones.

23

What will the effect of communications technology depend primarily on?
a. how people make use of it
b. how well parents supervise their children
c. income levels to permit purchase of equipment
d. amount of time spent surfing the Internet

a. how people make use of it

24

What is the effect of changes in eligibility for benefits and the establishment of workfare programs?
a. increases the expectation that individuals are responsible for themselves
b. places a larger burden on taxpayers because of an increase in payments
c. shifts money to wealthier individuals from the deserving poor
d. shifts financial responsibility from relatives and close friends to society

a. increases the expectation that individuals are responsible for themselves

25

What is one result of government efforts to reduce deficits?
a. encouraging more mothers to place their children in subsidized daycare
b. placing demands on employers to establish flexible work arrangements
c. narrowing the category of family members who are responsible for others
d. placing more responsibility on family members for the physical care of relatives


d. placing more responsibility on family members for the physical care of relatives

26

What does the term “welfare wall” refer to?
a. the maximum amount of benefits that an individual can receive
b. barriers that discourage the transition from dependence on social assistance to independent work
c. A limit on how much society is willing to spend on social assistance
d. the tendency for people on welfare to want to stay on welfare rather than find a job

b. barriers that discourage the transition from dependence on social assistance to independent work

27

According to the text, what does the answer to the question “Will the family survive?” depend on?
a. the divorce rate
b. the definition of “family”
c. the number of employed mothers
d. the degree of alarm in society

b. the definition of “family”

28

Dr. Kerry Daly suggests that we are caught up in negative stories about the family. Which belief are these stories linked to?
a. that families are less necessary for a functioning society today than in the past
b. that “traditional” family values are ideal
c. that the family is fragile and declining
d. that individuals are responsible for meeting the intimacy needs of family members

c. that the family is fragile and declining

29

According to the text, what has happened to the family throughout history?
a. it has disappeared from time to time
b. it has gradually become less important
c. it has shown itself to be extremely adaptable
d. it has remained basically unchanged

c. it has shown itself to be extremely adaptable