Chapter 5 part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 part 3 Deck (19):
1

What is the procedure in which a woman’s eggs are fertilized with a man’s sperm in a lab dish?

in vitro fertilization

2

According to the text, which of the following is a factor influencing the success of in vitro fertilization?
a. the woman’s age
b. the man’s age
c. the experience of the doctor
d. the number of previous attempts

the number of previous attempts

3

When a pregnant woman is carrying several fetuses, what is one procedure used to improve their chances of survival?
a. selective reduction
b. DNA analysis
c. amniocentesis
d. sperm sorting

selective reduction

4

What is the term for a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism?
a. a germ-line copy
b. a dizygotic twin
c. a clone
d. a fraternal twin


a clone

5

Emily is a pregnant, single teenager who would like to sign an adoption agreement allowing her next-door neighbours to adopt her baby. Why would the Canadian courts prevent this?
a. Emily’s parents must agree to support the adoption.
b. Emily is too young to consent to the adoption procedure.
c. A birth mother cannot consent to adoption unless the birth father has also agreed.
d. A birth mother cannot consent to adoption until after her child is born.

A birth mother cannot consent to adoption until after her child is born.

6

Which of the following is considered a problem with surrogate motherhood?
a. Pregnancies occur in only 25 percent of the cases.
b. Surrogacy is too widely available.
c. The surrogacy contract may not be enforceable.
d. Surrogacy is illegal in Canada.

The surrogacy contract may not be enforceable.

7

According to the text, which of the following might cause problems when sperm or eggs are taken from comatose or dead individuals?
a. genetic mutations
b. contract validity
c. informed consent
d. embryo destruction

informed consent

8

Emily was conceived by in vitro fertilization using a donated embryo, which was then implanted in a surrogate mother. According to the text, which of the following is a serious issue for her welfare?
a. determining who her genetic parents are
b. determining who is legally responsible for supporting her
c. allowing her to have contact with her surrogate mother
d. ensuring she meets her biological parents

determining who is legally responsible for supporting her

9

Which of the following is true regarding the process of making designer babies?
a. it depends on the quality of donor egg and sperm
b. it relies on frequent use of ultrasound
c. it is highly predictable
d. it does not produce guaranteed results

it does not produce guaranteed results

10

Which of the following is a good reason for telling children if they were conceived through artificial reproductive technology?
a. children will choose their genetic parents over non-genetic parents
b. there will be no resentment against the parents
c. children who were told do better academically
d. it can give them valuable genetic information

it can give them valuable genetic information

11

Which of the following is essential in a conflict between individual rights and social policy?
a. that governments set rules for who can become a parent
b. that women over 55 years be allowed to use IVF
c. that the family relationships of children be protected
d. that secrecy be maintained in assisted human reproduction

c. that the family relationships of children be protected

12

Before the Assisted Human Reproduction Act, how were decisions about assisted reproductive technologies made?
a. by the market and individual physicians
b. by the federal government
c. by the Canadian Committee of Reproductive Technologies
d. by provincial governments

by the market and individual physicians

13

According to the text, what is a factor that affects all atypical families?
a. no one wants to live in these kinds of families
b. there are no services available to them
c. they lack a social script
d. children in these families are at greater risk of having problems

they lack a social script

14

Pierre’s adoptive parents had an open adoption agreement with his biological mother. However, he is six years old and has never met her. Why is this likely to be the case?
a. Open adoption agreements cannot be legally enforced.
b. Most birth mothers usually prefer to remain anonymous to their adopted children.
c. Most adopted children are reluctant to hurt their adoptive parents and thus do not seek contact with their biological ones.
d. Open adoption records are sealed until a child turns 18.

a. Open adoption agreements cannot be legally enforced.

15

Which of the following often happens to children conceived by donor insemination?
a. They are not told about their biological parents.
b. They are discriminated against socially because they are different.
c. They have a right to meet their biological fathers when they turn 18.
d. They are given full information about their genetic background.

They are not told about their biological parents.

16

Which of the following is an issue common to foster and adoptive families and families with children conceived through birth technologies?
a. they have all suffered significant losses of some kind
b. there is more than one set of parents
c. the children do not feel like they are part of the family
d. there is no way to distinguish them from typical families

they have all suffered significant losses of some kind

17

Which term is used to describe the process of looking for similarities between children and parents?
a. similarity discussion
b. resemblance talk
c. comparison conversation
d. alike-ness statements

resemblance talk

18

What is another term for a child conceived through in vitro fertilization?
a. IV baby
b. surrogate baby
c. test-tube baby
d. artificial insemination baby

test-tube baby

19

Matthew and Anita are foster parents of five-year-old Emily. Which of the following probably applies to them?
a. They are comfortable with the social script for foster parents.
b. They question the social norms guiding foster parenthood.
c. They feel a lack of fit with the social script.
d. They feel as if they are Emily’s biological parents.

They feel a lack of fit with the social script.