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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (30):
1

At which point does a social problem exist?
a. when a significant number of people believe that it is a problem
b. when groups compete for scarce resources and the lowest power group defines it as such
c. when an imbalance exists in demands placed on a family and their ability to meet them
d. when one person’s behaviour allows another to act in an antisocial manner

a. when a significant number of people believe that it is a problem

2

Which of the following describes public opinion as a force that decides what constitutes a problem?
a. it often changes as time passes
b. it remains the same as far as problems are concerned
c. it permits no competing views
d. it is concerned with the greatest good

it often changes as time passes

3

In the past, homosexuality was considered to be which of the following?
a. a blessing
b. a gift
c. a curse
d. a mental illness

a mental illness

4

Which of the following is a group that has a stake in keeping society unchanged?
a. a gatekeeper
b. public opinion
c. one with a vested interest
d. one with a competing interest

one with a vested interest

5

Which of the following tends to be true of groups with vested interests?
a. they have the greatest influence in defining problems
b. they are relatively unsuccessful compared with others
c. they are a continuing financial burden on society
d. they are the same as gatekeepers

a. they have the greatest influence in defining problems

6

Which of the following roles is usually a gatekeeper in our society?
a. construction worker
b. secretary
c. priest
d. bus driver

c. priest

7

Which of the following describes cooperation among special-interest groups?
a. They may cooperate on one issue in common, although they differ in other ways.
b. They are unable to cooperate unless they agree on all principles.
c. They cannot cooperate because they define the problem in very different ways.
d. They may cooperate on issues they do not believe in to get backing for those they support.

a. They may cooperate on one issue in common, although they differ in other ways.

8

What does “A” refer to in the ABCX model?
a. the perception of the event
b. the stressor event
c. the crisis
d. the family’s resources

b. the stressor event

9

What does “B” refer to in the ABCX model?
a. resources
b. the stressor event
c. beliefs
d. the crisis

a. resources

10

Which of the following might be included in family resources?
a. fear of public opinion
b. the family’s viewpoint
c. maladaptation
d. practical knowledge

d. practical knowledge

11

What does “C” refer to in the ABCX model?
a. resources
b. the stressor event
c. the perception of the event
d. the crisis

the perception of the event

12

When 13-year-old Nancy became pregnant, her family’s reaction probably depended on which of the following?
a. the attitude of the relatives
b. their interpretation of the situation
c. the age of Nancy’s boyfriend
d. the availability of abortion

b. their interpretation of the situation

13

What is the term for an imbalance in demands placed on an individual or family and their ability to meet the demand?
a. role overload
b. crisis
c. burnout
d. ambiguity

b. crisis

14

Which of the following is a family open to during a crisis?
a. trying new ways of finding solutions
b. increased communication about problem issues
c. forging more rigid family boundaries
d. timeouts between family members to defuse tension

a. trying new ways of finding solutions

15

Anne’s husband, Jim, is arrested for armed robbery. Which of the following represents a functional response by the family?
a. focusing the family energy and resources on Jim during his time of need
b. having Anne work more hours so that there is money available for a good lawyer
c. blaming Jim for getting into this trouble and letting him stay in jail until his trial
d. defending Jim’s innocence despite evidence to the contrary

b. having Anne work more hours so that there is money available for a good lawyer

16

Which of the following would be considered a functional response by the Leclair family following Mr. Leclair’s job loss?
a. Mrs. Leclair and their son both blame Mr. Leclair for losing his job.
b. Mrs. Leclair is very sympathetic and does not tell him she too is facing a layoff.
c. Mr. Leclair stays at home because he thinks he has no chance of finding a job.
d. Mrs. Leclair starts working full-time instead of part-time to earn more money.

Mrs. Leclair starts working full-time instead of part-time to earn more money.

17

How is the double ABCX model different from the ABCX model?
a. it recognizes two types of stressors
b. it recognizes twice as many factors
c. it includes pre-crisis factors as well
d. it includes post-crisis factors as well


d. it includes post-crisis factors as well

18

Which of the following is a form of ambiguity?
a. unpredictability of an event
b. loss of self-esteem
c. a definite prison sentence
d. adequate social support


unpredictability of an event

19

What is the bB factor in the double ABCX model?
a. the meaning the family finds in the event
b. the pileup of stressors
c. the resources that help the family adapt
d. maladaptation

c. the resources that help the family adapt

20

What is the definition of snag points?
a. areas of difficulty that interfere with constructive efforts to cope with problems
b. situations where there is an imbalance between demands on a family and resources
c. situations that encourage an individual to act in a functional manner
d. areas of difficulty that can be damaging to a person’s reputation

a. areas of difficulty that interfere with constructive efforts to cope with problems

21

In which circumstances might there be a crisis when families are very rigid in their roles?
a. the family feels disgraced because a member has been imprisoned
b. families cannot meet a goal because of the chronic illness of a member
c. someone cannot fulfill the demands of a role
d. family members see a crisis as a challenge

c. someone cannot fulfill the demands of a role

22

What are some snag points related to?
a. the resources available to the family
b. the family’s definition of the situation
c. acceptance of the reality of the problem
d. failure to minimize the tasks

b. the family’s definition of the situation

23

What is the term for the ability to do well in the face of adversity?
a. coping
b. resilience
c. ambiguity
d. resource

b. resilience

24

What is the term for the strengths that are developed in the struggle with family challenges?
a. coping
b. resiliencies
c. insights
d. initiatives

b. resiliencies

25

How can the seven resiliencies be used by teachers, counsellors, and other social service workers?
a. as coping mechanisms to deal with their own stress at work
b. as a way to perform their work more effectively
c. as a guide to help professionals know where to look for strengths rather than harms
d. as initiatives for improving communication with the people they work with

c. as a guide to help professionals know where to look for strengths rather than harms

26

What is the term for an illness that continues for a long period of time?
a. chronic
b. dysfunctional
c. acute
d. debilitating

a. chronic

27

What probably happened to Michelle’s parents the day after Michelle was seriously injured in a car accident?
a. They were so shocked they could not deal with any practical matters.
b. They experienced an increase in energy as they responded to new demands.
c. They became so exhausted they could no longer respond to the physical demands.
d. They became burned out emotionally because of the need to tell everyone about the accident.

b. They experienced an increase in energy as they responded to new demands.

28

What does the “A” factor involve in the case of chronic illnesses?
a. the first attempts at treatment
b. support from family and friends
c. knowledge about the illness
d. re-evaluation

a. the first attempts at treatment

29

What happens to the needs of other family members during the initial phase of an illness?
a. they are often ignored
b. they take priority
c. they become fewer
d. they are unknown

a. they are often ignored

30

When might a family face a crisis if the onset of a chronic disorder is gradual?
a. after a period of about six months
b. when they realize something is wrong
c. after a period of about a year
d. when the disorder is diagnosed

d. when the disorder is diagnosed