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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (20):
1

Which of the following is NOT a dimension of aging?
a. chronological
b. social
c. psychological
d. financial

financial

2

Who are sociologists likely referring to when they describe the “young-old”?
a. seniors who are physically and psychologically healthy
b. those who become grandparents before they are 60 years old
c. those between 65 and 74 years old
d. the newly retired of any age

c. those between 65 and 74 years old

3

Who are sociologists likely referring to when they describe the “old”?
a. seniors who are physically and psychologically unhealthy
b. anyone under 80
c. those between 75 and 84 years old
d. those with grandchildren

those between 75 and 84 years old

4

Who are sociologists likely referring to when they describe the “old-old”?
a. seniors who are physically and psychologically unhealthy
b. anyone over 80
c. those 85 years old and older
d. those with great-grandchildren

those 85 years old and older

5

What is chronological age?
a. retirement age, whenever it occurs
b. 65 years of age and over
c. the number of years a person has lived
d. the age disability sets in

the number of years a person has lived

6

When Mandy talks of her parents as being old because they are over 65, what is she probably referring to?
a. their social time clock
b. their psychological age
c. their chronological age
d. their retirement status

their chronological age

7

Rowe and Kahn identified various components of successful aging. Which of the following is one of these components?
a. pension benefits
b. level of income
c. cultural norms
d. lifestyle factors

lifestyle factors

8

Which of the following is one of the most important reasons for not using physical age as a basis for considering someone old?
a. People today are living longer than in the past.
b. People have different rates of physical aging.
c. Physical norms related to aging vary with culture.
d. It is different from the age that pensions start.

People have different rates of physical aging.

9

What does psychological age refer to?
a. the attitudes and beliefs one has about one’s age
b. cultural norms that specify appropriate behaviour for people of a given age
c. the attitudes of professional athletes toward failing abilities
d. rejection of “old” behaviour, such as sitting in a rocking chair and knitting

the attitudes and beliefs one has about one’s age

10

What are the findings when the psychological characteristics of older people are considered?
a. There are more differences than similarities.
b. There are more similarities than differences.
c. There are clear markers of psychological aging.
d. There are consistent differences between heterosexual and homosexual men.

There are more differences than similarities.

11

Which of the following is an example of social age?
a. People in their 60s are expected to be grandparents.
b. Most people start getting grey hair in their 40s and 50s
c. People start to feel older after they turn 45 years old.
d. People should retire at 65 years old

People in their 60s are expected to be grandparents.

12

Which of the following best describes social aging?
a. It is occurring at a younger age because of early retirement.
b. It is becoming clearer, as marker events become more definite.
c. It depends on the notion that old age is a frame of mind.
d. It is becoming more variable in recent years.

It is becoming more variable in recent years.

13

What is the key developmental task for older people?
a. helping their employed children to raise their grandchildren
b. allowing their children to take over their daily living tasks
c. providing guidance to others through criticism of their performance
d. allowing the next generation to take over leadership

allowing the next generation to take over leadership

14

How does Erik Erikson describe the psychosocial task of old age?
a. as integrity versus despair
b. as generativity versus hopelessness
c. as living with disability
d. as preparing for death

as integrity versus despair

15

Researchers now suggest that Erikson’s final stage can be divided into two phases. What happens in the first of the final phases?
a. Individuals have a renewed interest in preserving their health.
b. There is a desire to give back to society.
c. Individuals strive to celebrate their lives.
d. Relationships with family become more important

There is a desire to give back to society.

16

Why is relatively little known about how gay men and lesbians age?
a. Because few people want to research this issue.
b. Because doctors are not allowed to ask about someone’s sexual orientation.
c. Because most homosexuals do not have health problems.
d. Because many older individuals have remained in the closet.

Because many older individuals have remained in the closet.

17

Where do most older Canadians live?
a. with their adult children
b. independently in the community
c. in nursing homes
d. in retirement communities with 24-hour care

independently in the community

18

According to the text, what is life satisfaction related to for older people?
a. the degree to which their children obey their wishes
b. the amount of contact they have with their grandchildren
c. the degree to which they can control their own lives
d. having a car and being able to drive

c. the degree to which they can control their own lives

19

What is an important factor for older people remaining independent?
a. the removal of 65 as retirement age
b. their financial status
c. the ability to rely on their children for support
d. the reduced reliance on registered retirement plans

their financial status

20

Louise is becoming quite frail. Her daughter worries that she may become ill and not be able to call for help and is urging Louise to move in with her. Louise wants to remain in her own apartment because she likes her own routines. What area of conflict is this an example of?
a. health versus debility
b. independence versus dependence
c. openness versus privateness
d. aging versus middle age

independence versus dependence