Chapter 13 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 part 2 Deck (19):
1

When the onset of illness is gradual, which of the following probably occurs?
a. Family members quickly come to realize something is wrong.
b. Family members react exactly the same as in the case of acute illness.
c. At the time of diagnosis, the family may suffer a crisis.
d. Families live with less worry and fear.

c. At the time of diagnosis, the family may suffer a crisis.

2

When can the nature of a chronic illness be a continuing stress?
a. when it is nonprogressive
b. when the prognosis is certain
c. when there are unpredictable episodes
d. when the illness is acute rather than chronic

c. when there are unpredictable episodes

3

Where do a disproportionate number of children with disabilities live?
a. with extended family
b. with single mothers
c. with nuclear families
d. in institutions

b. with single mothers

4

Josie and Matthew have learned to care for their daughter who has cystic fibrosis. Although they are worried about her, they feel that they are coping as well as possible. What is likely true of their experience at this point in time?
a. Their energy is depleted because of the chronic nature of the illness.
b. They have found a way to maintain their family rituals and customs.
c. They are getting excellent medical care.
d. They are feeling a sense of control.

They are feeling a sense of control.

5

Which of the following illustrates the impact of chronic illness on the family life cycle?
a. Adult children avoid the needs of their family of procreation.
b. Older couples carry out their retirement plans.
c. The young adult fails to become independent.
d. Young adults try to get married and have children.

c. The young adult fails to become independent.

6

Which of the following is a negative aspect of coping resources?
a. Some resources can create their own demands.
b. Supplementary health insurance can pay for some costs.
c. The care receiver can provide emotional support to the caregiver.
d. The medical system provides too much assistance.

a. Some resources can create their own demands.

7

How society perceives an illness can have a significant impact on a family’s stress. When is this most likely to be an issue of concern?
a. when the person with the illness is an ethnic minority
b. when the illness is stigmatized
c. when the illness is caused by a person’s behaviour (e.g., smoking)
d. when the illness is chronic

b. when the illness is stigmatized

8

Functional coping occurs when a family member is chronically ill, and includes all except which of the following?
a. working at keeping the family together
b. trying to understand the medical situation
c. bringing in only the immediate family to limit stressors on the ill person
d. accepting any social support that is available

c. bringing in only the immediate family to limit stressors on the ill person

9

Which of the following best describes attitudes toward alcohol and other substance abuse?
a. The problem is defined by gatekeepers rather than by society.
b. The drug of choice is the same across cultures.
c. Alcohol and other substance abuse is not considered discreditable by society.
d. The acceptance varies among cultures.

d. The acceptance varies among cultures.

10

In which of the following ways does alcoholism differ from most chronic illnesses?
a. one family member cannot fill usual family roles
b. it is considered discreditable by society
c. others have to adjust their behaviour
d. alcohol abuse itself adds stresses

b. it is considered discreditable by society

11

What is Sandi being when her husband is drunk and she phones his boss to say he is ill and cannot come in to work?
a. a discreditable person
b. a codependent
c. an enabler
d. a crisis manager

c. an enabler

12

Which of the following is true of current views regarding codependence?
a. It is now recognized as a psychological problem in its own right.
b. It is now considered only as far as its impact on the alcoholic family member.
c. It is now viewed as an imaginary illness that is used to get attention.
d. It is now considered a functional coping strategy because it focuses attention on the alcoholic person and his or her close family.

a. It is now recognized as a psychological problem in its own right.

13

Which of the following is characteristic of a codependent person?
a. The codependent person has clear personal boundaries.
b. The codependent individual finds little worth in caretaking.
c. The codependent individual believes the other person is responsible for what happens.
d. The codependent partner is at risk of developing stress-related illnesses.

d. The codependent partner is at risk of developing stress-related illnesses.

14

Which of the following might be included in lessons learned about family life by members of alcoholic families?
a. Alcohol cannot become the centre of family life.
b. Alcohol always makes things worse.
c. Alcohol in the house leads to a party.
d. Alcohol abuse is a family secret to be covered up.

d. Alcohol abuse is a family secret to be covered up.

15

What is one positive effect of parents’ alcohol abuse?
a. Their children are less likely to become alcoholics themselves.
b. Their adult children tend to grow up with greater skill in regulating their own behaviour.
c. Their adult children may be drawn to a helping profession.
d. Their adult children learn to avoid coercive or other ineffective parenting methods.

c. Their adult children may be drawn to a helping profession.

16

In which circumstances is alcoholism often admitted?
a. when the individual is confronted by his or her children
b. when a decisive event makes denial impossible
c. when a boss sends the individual to Alcoholics Anonymous
d. when the person’s spouse labels him or her as an alcoholic

b. when a decisive event makes denial impossible

17

How long can it take for family members to learn new patterns of interacting after an alcoholic family member stops drinking?
a. four to six weeks
b. six months to two years
c. two to three years
d. five to ten years

b. six months to two years

18

Which outcome is likely when families have less positive communication?
a. they have more effective problem-solving skills
b. they have lower levels of adaptability
c. they are quick to make changes to family roles and rules
d. they are often more honest, but more harsh

b. they have lower levels of adaptability

19

What happens to families with more effective problem-solving skills?
a. they do not use tactics that have worked in the past
b. they usually communicate clearly
c. they often seem to be talking at cross-purposes
d. they attempt to keep things the same

b. they usually communicate clearly