Chapter 7 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 part 2 Deck (26):
1

Which term refers to the depression and sense of uselessness some women experience when the last child leaves home?
a. detachment disorder
b. mid-life crisis
c. generativity crisis
d. empty nest syndrome

empty nest syndrome

2

Around what age do many Canadians become grandparents?
a. 40
b. 50
c. 60
d. 70

50

3

How do men and women tend to shift roles in midlife?
a. toward greater androgyny
b. toward greater femininity
c. toward greater masculinity
d. toward greater synchrony

toward greater androgyny

4

Middle-aged parents with teens at home are more likely to be which of the following?
a. anxious
b. depressed
c. frustrated
d. stressed

depressed

5

Which of the following is unlikely to be a reason for greater interest in sex at midlife?
a. After menopause, there is no need to fear pregnancy.
b. Now that children are gone, there are fewer interruptions.
c. Sex has become a habit that is hard to give up.
d. Men’s slowed response time allows a more relaxed approach.

Sex has become a habit that is hard to give up.

6

In the past, which of the following marked a transition into adulthood?
a. getting married
b. graduating from high school
c. having a baby
d. getting a “real” job

graduating from high school

7

Researchers are now suggesting that there is a stage after adolescence. What is it called?
a. young adulthood
b. late adolescence
c. emerging adulthood
d. pseudo-adolescence

emerging adulthood

8

Which of the following is the most basic need of adolescents?
a. firm boundaries
b. acceptance within the peer group
c. a belief that their parents support them
d. freedom to explore drugs and alcohol

a belief that their parents support them

9

By the end of adolescence, teens are more concerned with which of the following than with conforming to peers?
a. romantic relationships
b. making choices about higher education
c. deciding career goals
d. maintaining relationships with parents

romantic relationships

10

James Marcia suggests that identity develops on which of the following two dimensions?
a. expansion and moratorium
b. trust and mistrust
c. exploration and commitment
d. foreclosure and role confusion

exploration and commitment

11

Which parenting style is most likely to result in children with identity diffusion?
a. permissive
b. neglectful
c. authoritarian
d. authoritative

neglectful

12

Which years does emerging adulthood roughly span?
a. 17 to 21
b. 18 to 35
c. 16 to 20
d. 18 to 25

18 to 25

13

Compared to young people of the same age in the past, what do emerging adults today have more of?
a. freedom and choices
b. responsibilities and stressors
c. money and status
d. friends and romantic partners

freedom and choices

14

According to the text, what do emerging adults value more than relationships with peers?
a. relationships with romantic partners
b. plans for higher education
c. career goals
d. relationships with parents

relationships with romantic partners

15

Which term refers to children who return to their parents’ home after moving out?
a. failed birds
b. in-and-outers
c. sandwich generation
d. boomerang kids

boomerang kids

16

Which of the following describes younger people’s transition to independent living in the past few decades?
a. it is occurring earlier
b. it occurs more rapidly
c. it is occurring later
d. it has stopped occurring

it is occurring later

17

What does the “revolving door” refer to?
a. the rat race many middle-aged people are trapped in
b. the fact that elderly parents move in with their children
c. the return home of a child who earlier moved out
d. the need to provide daycare for grandchildren

the return home of a child who earlier moved out

18

Which of the following is a benefit to an adult child living at home with his or her parents?
a. shared housework and living costs
b. the opportunity for the adult child to complete an education
c. the opportunity to resolve earlier relationship conflicts
d. the chance to give financial assistance to the parents

the opportunity for the adult child to complete an education

19

Why can having adult children living at home or returning home be stressful for parents?
a. Old parent–child roles may be inappropriate.
b. Children take over too many of the parents’ responsibilities.
c. It tends to keep parents together in unhappy marriages.
d. Most parents are unhappy with the revolving door.

Old parent–child roles may be inappropriate.

20

When parents and adult children live together, the situation is ambiguous. Many parents feel the need to maintain control over their own homes, while many adult children may have which of the following feelings?
a. They want their parents to make decisions for them.
b. They wish to control their own lives.
c. They expect to make most household decisions.
d. They want to control their parents’ lives.

They wish to control their own lives.

21

According to the text, why do most midlife children return home?
a. loneliness
b. employment loss
c. death of a spouse
d. to assist aging parents

employment loss

22

What does the term “sandwich generation” refer to?
a. dual-earner couples who are so busy with their careers they do not have time to cook
b. young adults who are employed in low-paying jobs with few prospects for promotion
c. middle-aged adults whose children are dependent and whose parents have increasing disability
d. young lone parents who live with their own parents and also care for their children

middle-aged adults whose children are dependent and whose parents have increasing disability

23

Which term refers to the socially approved schedule for events to occur at certain times of life?
a. social time clock
b. social straitjacket
c. ticking biological clock
d. social script

social time clock

24

Joy is 33. Her 16-year-old daughter has just had a baby. How is Joy likely to find grandmotherhood?
a. stressful because she does not enjoy the baby at all
b. stressful because it is off time and she is too young
c. a pleasure because she has looked forward to being a grandmother
d. a pleasure because she and her daughter had planned the child

stressful because it is off time and she is too young

25

When Janice became a grandmother at the age of 29, why did she feel it was too early?
a. She was using the social time clock.
b. She was ready for an empty nest.
c. She was not prepared for the revolving door.
d. She did not hear the ticking of the biological clock.

She was using the social time clock.

26

According to the text, what is the major theme of the middle years?
a. the challenge of making these years fulfilling for both spouses
b. the transition to grandparent and in-law status
c. the transition in roles and relationships
d. the failure of young adults to achieve independence

the transition in roles and relationships