Chapter 5 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 part 2 Deck (32):
1

In Canada, until what point in a pregnancy is an abortion allowed?
a. until the first three weeks
b. until the first three months
c. until the first six months
d. throughout all nine months

b. until the first three months

2

In which procedure is some of the fluid surrounding the fetus drawn off and examined under a microscope?
a. amniocentesis
b. germ-line therapy
c. marker event
d. in utero examination

amniocentesis

3

Deborah and Jason’s first child inherited Tay-Sachs disease (a fatal genetic disorder) and died at the age of four. After genetic counselling, they decided that Deborah should have amniocentesis during her next pregnancy. What would this allow them to do?
a. have an abortion if the fetus has inherited the disease
b. be certain that a healthy child would be conceived
c. test the embryo for Tay-Sachs disease before it is implanted in Deborah’s uterus
d. treat the baby for the disease immediately after it is born

a. have an abortion if the fetus has inherited the disease

4

Which term refers to the practice of aborting female fetuses?
a. amniocentesis
b. female feticide
c. infanticide
d. selective screening

b. female feticide

5

According to the definition of infanticide, who can be found guilty of this crime in Canada?
a. the father
b. the mother
c. a sibling
d. any relative

b. the mother

6

Which term refers to the provision of care by a family, other than a parent or guardian of a child, approved and arranged by a child welfare authority?
a. welfare care
b. closed adoption
c. open adoption
d. foster care

foster care

7

Where was Anne sent in Anne of Green Gables, by Lucy Maud Montgomery?
a. to an orphanage
b. to a foster home
c. to an overseas adoptive family
d. to a maternity home

to a foster home

8

Which of the following best describes foundling homes, which were set up to care for abandoned children?
a. They had a high success rate in raising productive adults.
b. They had high standards of health care and education.
c. They had high staff–child ratios.
d. They had high mortality levels.

d. They had high mortality levels.

9

What is one major reason for children entering the foster care system nowadays?
a. They have behaviour problems.
b. Their parents have died.
c. They are living in extreme poverty.
d. They believe their parents are unfit.

a. They have behaviour problems.

10

Which of the following describes the skills required by today’s foster parents?
a. no more skills than any other parent because children are children
b. the ability to provide long-term care and support until the child is an adult
c. special therapeutic and child-management skills
d. the same skills as adoptive parents because there is no difference between them

c. special therapeutic and child-management skills

11

Which group of children are overrepresented in foster care?
a. children from Alberta
b. young children
c. Aboriginal children
d. visible minority children

Aboriginal children

12

Which of the following is a barrier to feeling that a foster child is one’s own?
a. the cut-off from birth parents
b. the temporary nature of foster care
c. the attachment of the foster child to one’s own children
d. the desire to adopt the foster child

b. the temporary nature of foster care

13

According to the text, which of the following best describes foster care?
a. It provides a permanent home for a child.
b. It is seen as a temporary solution.
c. It requires children to work for their keep.
d. It never provides payments for childcare.

b. It is seen as a temporary solution.

14

In which of the following cases are legal rights and responsibilities transferred from one set of parents to another?
a. foster care
b. adoption
c. in vitro fertilization
d. baby farming

adoption

15

Which term refers to a form of adoption where the adoptive parents and the birth parents know each other and exchange information?
a. foster care
b. open adoption
c. real adoption
d. communicative adoption

b. open adoption

16

Which term refers to a form of adoption where the biological and adoptive parents know little or nothing of each other?

closed adoption

17

What did agencies do when they started placing children for adoption?
a. tried to place children like those the adopters might have had
b. failed to screen children and adopters
c. placed any child who could benefit from a permanent home
d. looked for parents who preferred open adoptions

a. tried to place children like those the adopters might have had

18

After much soul searching Laurie decides to place her baby for adoption because she is convinced that this plan is the best for herself and for her son. According to the text, what is likely to happen?
a. Laurie is likely to be happy that she is free of responsibility.
b. Laurie is likely to continue her life as if nothing happened.
c. Laurie is likely to experience a continuing sense of loss.
d. Laurie is likely to forget the entire episode.

c. Laurie is likely to experience a continuing sense of loss.

19

What have Aboriginal peoples traditionally done in terms of their children?
a. looked after children within the extended family
b. placed children for adoption with non-Aboriginal families
c. sent unwanted children to residential schools
d. allowed same-sex couples to parent children

a. looked after children within the extended family

20

Which of the following is true about adoption in Canada today?
a. Many more children are adopted each year than are waiting for adoption.
b. Most eligible children are adopted in Canada.
c. Adoption falls under provincial jurisdiction.
d. Babies are more often available in Canada than from other countries.

Adoption falls under provincial jurisdiction.

21

Why are some people opposed to intercountry adoption?
a. Because Canada has no laws to regulate it.
b. Because there is no protection for the adopted child.
c. Because it is seen as exploitation and imperialism.
d. Because we already have enough adult immigrants.

Because it is seen as exploitation and imperialism.

22

Which of the following is a valid criticism of adopting children from Third World countries?
a. Adopters do not care about the welfare of these children.
b. Countries are being robbed of a valuable human resource.
c. Babies cannot adjust to a new environment.
d. The children are needed to provide child labour.

Countries are being robbed of a valuable human resource.

23

Why is it impossible to know how many unwanted children are born?
a. No figures are kept of the number of abortions performed.
b. Most parents claim to love their children.
c. Many children are raised by extended family.
d. Any child born within marriage is assumed to be wanted.

d. Any child born within marriage is assumed to be wanted.

24

What is a major practical issue for lesbians who want to have children?
a. winning the support of their extended family
b. deciding how to go about having one
c. deciding how to support a child as a single mother
d. finding a donor for artificial insemination

deciding how to go about having one

25

According to the text, which group of people wanting to raise a child themselves has been virtually ignored?
a. single mothers
b. unmarried fathers
c. lesbian mothers
d. teenage mothers

b. unmarried fathers

26

Anisah and Amir have been trying unsuccessfully to have a baby. According to the text, how do they probably feel as a result of the social norm that married couples have children?
a. They consider the medical investigation intrusive.
b. They find sexual activity less spontaneous.
c. They will rethink how important parenthood is to them.
d. They have a reduced sense of self-worth.

d. They have a reduced sense of self-worth.

27

Why do women usually feel the lack of children more than men?
a. They have been socialized to believe they achieve full worth only as mothers.
b. They see infertility as an assault on their husband’s manhood.
c. They feel that their childlessness is the price of monogamy.
d. The balance of power in the family shifts toward the husband.

a. They have been socialized to believe they achieve full worth only as mothers.

28

What is the result of the feeling couples undergoing fertility treatment sometimes have that their doctor is “watching them over the bedpost”?
a. their spontaneity increases
b. their sex life can suffer
c. the infertile partner gains power
d. it reduces the likelihood of the treatment succeeding

their sex life can suffer

29

Which of the following is NOT an assisted reproductive technology?
a. in vitro insemination
b. surrogate motherhood
c. in vitro fertilization
d. artificial insemination

in vitro insemination

30

Kathryn and Nathan have learned that Nathan is infertile. According to the text, which procedure are they most likely to use in order to have a child?
a. in vitro fertilization
b. artificial insemination
c. cloning
d. a host womb

artificial insemination

31

Which of the following was a real-life extreme example of a sperm bank?
a. one that stored sperm from men who were terminally ill or comatose
b. one that provided sperm from gay men to lesbians wishing children
c. one that encouraged do-it-yourself insemination by clients
d. one that preserved sperm from outstanding scientists and professionals

one that preserved sperm from outstanding scientists and professionals

32

When are surrogate mothers most often used?
a. when the husband is infertile and wishes a child
b. when the couple is two gay men
c. when the wife is infertile or cannot carry a child to term
d. when the couple are carriers of a genetic disorder

when the wife is infertile or cannot carry a child to term