Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Family Psychology > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (28):
1

According to the text, which of the following is an event that signals a change in status?
a. a social script
b. a marker event
c. role overload
d. passing

b. a marker event

2

According to the text, what does the myth of motherhood state?
a. Motherhood is an instinct that can fulfill a woman in a unique way.
b. Motherhood is a hassle and has to be survived for the good of society.
c. Motherhood conflicts with career plans and must be suppressed.
d. The more children a woman has, the more successful a mother she is.

a. Motherhood is an instinct that can fulfill a woman in a unique way.

3

According to the text, how have women who choose not to have children often been considered?
a. antisocial or psychologically defective
b. clever to plan their careers carefully
c. smart because they avoid the problems of child-rearing
d. unfortunate because they are unfulfilled

a. antisocial or psychologically defective

4

Having children is a necessary function of families in perpetuating society. This statement most reflects which theoretical perspective?
a. family systems theory
b. structural functionalism
c. symbolic interactionism
d. feminist theory

b. structural functionalism

5

Sondra has decided not to have children. What percentage of Canadian women make the same decision as Sondra?
a. nineteen percent
b. twelve percent
c. seven percent
d. three percent

c. seven percent

6

Which of the following issues would most likely be of interest to a feminist theorist?
a. Having children is a developmental task of most families.
b. The social pressure to have children is a reflection of the prevailing ideology.
c. Child-bearing as an issue reflecting women’s control over reproduction.
d. The decision to have children is a personal and couple decision.

c. Child-bearing as an issue reflecting women’s control over reproduction.

7

Why did having many children make sense before the days of old age pensions, family allowance, and welfare?
a. The family was a stronger social institution.
b. People had limited access to contraceptives.
c. Children provided natural companions in old age.
d. Children provided the best social security system.

d. Children provided the best social security system.

8

According to the text, in recent years what has happened to the size of the Canadian family?
a. It has been shrinking.
b. It has been expanding.
c. It has been staying about the same.
d. It has been expanding for younger couples.

a. It has been shrinking.

9

Which term refers to the total number of children a woman is expected to have in her lifetime?
a. population rate
b. crude birth rate
c. total fertility rate
d. lifetime birthing rate

c. total fertility rate

10

Which term is a measure of the number of births in a given year?
a. annual birthing rate
b. crude birth rate
c. crude fertility rate
d. child-bearing rate

b. crude birth rate

11

The number of children born to unmarried parents has increased. Which group had the greatest increase in such births?
a. teen mothers
b. women over 35
c. common-law partners
d. divorced women

c. common-law partners

12

Since 2002, Quebec has recognized same-sex parental kinship. What does this mean?
a. Same-sex parents can have a child, but only one can be the legal parent.
b. Same-sex marriage is legal with the consent of both sets of parents
c. If a same-sex couple has a child, they need to legally adopt the baby.
d. A baby can have two mothers declared as parents on the official birth registry.

d. A baby can have two mothers declared as parents on the official birth registry.

13

According to some theorists, on which of the following will increases in fertility depend?
a. Providing conditions to increase young people’s confidence in their future.
b. Offering incentive payments to parents.
c. Expanding the family allowance program.
d. Advertising the advantages of having a larger family.

a. Providing conditions to increase young people’s confidence in their future.

14

What are medical science’s two major effects on the birth rate?
a. contraception and abortion
b. contraception and reduced infant mortality
c. longevity and reduced infant mortality
d. abortion and reduced infant mortality

b. contraception and reduced infant mortality

15

What happened after contraception was legalized in Canada in 1969?
a. The black market for birth control pills collapsed.
b. The abortion rate dropped sharply.
c. Abortions became a legal way to end unwanted pregnancies.
d. The birth rate dropped sharply.

d. The birth rate dropped sharply.

16

When did birth control become legal in Canada?
a. 1948
b. 1953
c. 1969
d. 1975

c. 1969

17

When did the birth rate in Canada show its sharpest drop?
a. following the legalization of birth control
b. following the legalization of abortion
c. after World War II
d. after the introduction of sterilization

a. following the legalization of birth control

18

During boom times, what do women tend to do in terms of having children?
a. have their first child earlier than in poor economic times
b. have their first child later than in poor economic times
c. postpone having a child because so many women are employed
d. have their first child earlier because their biological clock is ticking

a. have their first child earlier than in poor economic times

19

What is the cause of much of the decline in the number of children a woman has?
a. an increase in infertility
b. the decision to postpone children
c. the teenage pregnancy rate
d. a belief in one-child families

b. the decision to postpone children

20

What is the relationship between the female labour force participation rate and the total fertility rate?

As more women enter the workforce, the fertility rate declines

21

Which of the following is NOT a factor in the recent drop in birthrate?
a. the older age when women have their first child
b. the increase in working wives and mothers
c. the cost of raising and educating children
d. the extreme youth of first-time mothers

d. the extreme youth of first-time mothers

22

What is the relationship between female level of education

c. As female level of education increases, the fertility rate decreases.

23

According to the VOC framework, which of the following is a cost of having children?
a. instrumental assistance
b. rewarding interactions
c. child-rearing demands
d. psychological appreciation

c. child-rearing demands

24

Majdi and Subitha have decided not to have any children. Which of the following is probably NOT a factor in their decision?
a. They fear that their relationship will be damaged.
b. Subitha fears that she will lose some of her equality.
c. Majdi does not want to give up his career.
d. They do not want the commitment of parenthood.

Majdi does not want to give up his career

25

Louise has decided that she does not want to have children. Which of the following is one of the social challenges she may face?
a. Because she is more available, she will be given the best work schedules.
b. No one will care why she decided not to have children.
c. Her pension will be less when she retires.
d. She may be perceived as being selfish.

d. She may be perceived as being selfish.

26

What happens when women have an unwanted pregnancy nowadays?
a. They are stigmatized by society for illegitimacy.
b. They usually place their babies for adoption.
c. They have more options now because of changing attitudes.
d. They have fewer choices because of changes in the law.

They have more options now because of changing attitudes.

27

What has been the trend for the number of abortions in Canada in recent years?
a. The number of abortions has decreased slowly in recent years.
b. The number of abortions has increased slowly in recent years.
c. The number of abortions has remained the same in recent years.
d. The number of abortions has fluctuated dramatically in recent years.

a. The number of abortions has decreased slowly in recent years.

28

Which group is most likely to have an abortion?
a. women in their early teens
b. women in their late teens and 20s
c. women in their late 20s
d. women in their mid-30s

c. women in their late 20s