Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

Family Psychology > Chapter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (28):
1

Why is interpreting census data on ethnicity difficult? (4)

1. concept of ethnicity fluid
2. increased intermarriage is making ethnicity more fluid
3. changes in the format of the questions changing over time
4. differences in social times, understanding, length of time since immigration

2

how much faster is aboriginal population growing?

6 times faster

3

define the aboriginal family

parents live with children, but the extended family plays a much larger role in the child care, community wide support was encouraged

4

define the character of canadian-english families (3)

1. traditional masculine roles were encouraged
2. chief responsibility is nuclear family
3. community wide cooperation was discouraged

5

define the character of quebec family (4)

1. mirrored france
2. large families ideal
3. influence of the RC church
4. more feminine traits encouraged

6

How many different ethnic groups in canada?

over 200

7

how many different ethnic groups on the 1901 census?

25

8

what are two predictions concerning ethnicity by 2031?

25% will be foreign born, 30% among visible minority group
Nearly half of those 15 and older will b either foreign born or have at least one parent who is

9

mixed marriages suffer from two main problems, what are they?

1. prejudice from relatives
2. differing cultural expectations and traditions within marriage

10

what was the chinese immigration act

prevented chinese men from bringing their families to canada, repealed in 1947

11

what was the 1976 immigration act

it defined four classes of citizens: Family, economic, refugee, other

12

Citizen act of 2009 did what?

It restricted citizenship to one generation born outside of Canada

13

what three problems plague immigrants when they look for jobs?

1. lack of canadian experience
2. qualifications not recognized
3. lack of fluency in English and French

14

what is the difference in wage gap between Canadians and immigrants?

2.22 to 5 per hour

15

what is one reason children of immigrants struggle in Canada?

The conflict of two cultures between home and school

16

define stigma

an attribute that is used to differentiate individuals and has a negative value

17

who gets stigmatized by who?

The minority by the majority

18

what are the four acculturation strategies

Separation, assimilation, integration, marginalization

19

Define separation

Strategy based on willful segregation from dominant culture, or unwillful exclusion from dominant culture

20

define assimilation

Based on the in/voluntary rejection of culture of origin

21

Define integration

high levels of activity in both your own minority and in the mainstream culture are sought
Most adaptive pathway, implies flexibility

22

Define marginalization

little interest in maintaining culture of origin or assimilating into new one, the most destructive form

23

define acculturation policies

Strategies for integrating or excluding immigrants are promoted or enforced via the dominant group through laws or other official cultural programs

24

define multiculturalism

policy that accepts diversity and includes all ethnic and cultural groups

25

Define melting pot

policy that encourages all individuals to assimilate into dominant culture

26

what is the largest ethnic group?

Canadians

27

What year was the ethnic origin of Canadian put on the census?

1996

28

Most immigrants and adoptions come from...

China