Chapter 7-Growth & Division Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7-Growth & Division Deck (55):
1

List the five candidates for president in 1824.

Adams
Jackson
Crawford
Clay
Calhoun

2

What was Henry Clay's economic program?

American System

3

How did William Crawford view the Constitution?

Strict interpretation and States Rights

4

What was Andrew Jackson's nickname?

Old Hickory

5

How did Andrew Jackson become famous?

As a general in the army fighting Indians and the British at New Orleans in 1814.

6

What portion of the country had the most Jackson supporters in 1824?

South and West

7

What portion of the country had the most Adam supporters in 1824?

New England

8

What did critics of Henry Clay say about him following the results of the 1824 election?

Clay had made a corrupt bargain with Adams during the election.

9

What two tactics were used between Adams and Jackson in the 1828 election?

Revenge and mud-slinging

10

What was Andrew Jackson's party named in 1828?

Democratic-Republicans

11

What had Andrew Jackson's party name changed to by the 1830s?

Democrtic

12

Who was a very powerful Supreme Court judge in the early 1800s?

John Marshall

13

What court case was about Judicial Review?

Marbury v. Madison

14

What court case was concerned about National Supremacy?

McCulluch v. Maryland

15

"The power to tax is the power to destroy" is essential to understanding the importance of the ____ case.

McCulluch v. Maryland

16

What court case upheld the national government's power to regulate commerce?

Gibbons v. Ogden

17

What court case determined that the Supreme Court would be the final court of appeals.

Martin v. Hunter's Lessee

18

The dissolving of Spain's colonial empire sparked President Monroe to ____

issue the Monroe Doctrine

19

What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?

To support new democratic countries emerging from colonialism in Latin America.

20

What impact did the Monroe Doctrine have on American foreign policy?

US declared that no further European colonialism would be tolerated in the Western Hemisphere.

21

What is the name given to US politics during James Monroe's presidency?

Era of Good Feelings

22

In the early 1800s, what political system developed in Europe to protect the established monarchies?

Quadruple Alliance

23

Who was the leader of Florida's Seminole people?

Kanache

24

Who subdued the Indians in the American Southeast?

Andrew Jackson

25

What treaty secured Florida for the United States?

Adams-Onis Treaty

26

What four countries claimed the right of settlement in the Oregon Territory in the early 1800s.

United States
Great Britain
Russia
Mexico

27

In the early 1800s, what region of the United States started to industrialize?

New England

28

What did the Federal government do to encourage industrialization in the United States?

pass high protective tariffs

29

In the early 1800s, ____ provided most of American revenue.

tariffs

30

What social/economic movement began in the mid-1800s that used strikes to protect workers?

Labor Union movement

31

What economic activity remained predominant in US society in the mid-1800s

Farming and agriculture

32

what were the rich and power farmers called in the US?

Planters

33

What were the average farmer who owned his own land called?

Yeomen Farmers

34

Who invented a telegraph and code for the new invention?

Samuel Morse

35

Who invented interchangeable gun parts

Eli Whitney

36

Who invented the cotton gin machine?

Eli Whitney

37

What transportation system began in the early 1800s from Baltimore to growing settlements in the west?

The National Road

38

List two new transportation inventions of the early 1800s?

Steamboats
Railroads

39

What old technology was used for transportation in many states in the early 1800s.

Canals

40

What was the longest and most famous canal of the 1820s?

Erie Canal

41

Through which state did the Erie Canal travel?

New York, from Albany on the Hudson River to Lake Erie.

42

What was the first railroad locomotive in America called?

Cooper's Tom Thumb

43

By the 1800s, what crop became most important on Southern Plantations?

cotton

44

What allowed for the planting of cotton to become profitable.

cotton gin

45

List three cities in the southern states in the 1820s.

Charleston
Baltimore
New Orleans

46

This state would enter the Union as a slave state in 1820.

Missouri

47

This state would enter the Union as a free state in 1820.

Maine

48

Slavery would be allowed southern portion of the the Louisiana Purchase by the _____.

Compromise of 1820 or Missouri Compriomise

49

How many free blacks lived in the south by 1860?

1/4 million

50

How many black slaves lived in the south by 1860?

3 1/2 million

51

What two major slave rebellions occured in the first 50 years of the United States
?

Vesey and Nat Turner's rebellion

52

In American slave culture, _____ was the only element that allowed a sense of freedom.

Religion

53

what were the two type of slave economies

Gang Slave Labor
Task Slave Labor

54

What was the leader of a Slave Gang called?

Driver

55

What was the lasting impact of Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser's slave rebellions?

tougher slave codes to include requiring passes when ever slaves were off the plantations