Flashcards in Chapter 7-Growth & Division Deck (55):
List the five candidates for president in 1824.
What was Henry Clay's economic program?
How did William Crawford view the Constitution?
Strict interpretation and States Rights
What was Andrew Jackson's nickname?
How did Andrew Jackson become famous?
As a general in the army fighting Indians and the British at New Orleans in 1814.
What portion of the country had the most Jackson supporters in 1824?
South and West
What portion of the country had the most Adam supporters in 1824?
What did critics of Henry Clay say about him following the results of the 1824 election?
Clay had made a corrupt bargain with Adams during the election.
What two tactics were used between Adams and Jackson in the 1828 election?
Revenge and mud-slinging
What was Andrew Jackson's party named in 1828?
What had Andrew Jackson's party name changed to by the 1830s?
Who was a very powerful Supreme Court judge in the early 1800s?
What court case was about Judicial Review?
Marbury v. Madison
What court case was concerned about National Supremacy?
McCulluch v. Maryland
"The power to tax is the power to destroy" is essential to understanding the importance of the ____ case.
McCulluch v. Maryland
What court case upheld the national government's power to regulate commerce?
Gibbons v. Ogden
What court case determined that the Supreme Court would be the final court of appeals.
Martin v. Hunter's Lessee
The dissolving of Spain's colonial empire sparked President Monroe to ____
issue the Monroe Doctrine
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?
To support new democratic countries emerging from colonialism in Latin America.
What impact did the Monroe Doctrine have on American foreign policy?
US declared that no further European colonialism would be tolerated in the Western Hemisphere.
What is the name given to US politics during James Monroe's presidency?
Era of Good Feelings
In the early 1800s, what political system developed in Europe to protect the established monarchies?
Who was the leader of Florida's Seminole people?
Who subdued the Indians in the American Southeast?
What treaty secured Florida for the United States?
What four countries claimed the right of settlement in the Oregon Territory in the early 1800s.
In the early 1800s, what region of the United States started to industrialize?
What did the Federal government do to encourage industrialization in the United States?
pass high protective tariffs
In the early 1800s, ____ provided most of American revenue.
What social/economic movement began in the mid-1800s that used strikes to protect workers?
Labor Union movement
What economic activity remained predominant in US society in the mid-1800s
Farming and agriculture
what were the rich and power farmers called in the US?
What were the average farmer who owned his own land called?
Who invented a telegraph and code for the new invention?
Who invented interchangeable gun parts
Who invented the cotton gin machine?
What transportation system began in the early 1800s from Baltimore to growing settlements in the west?
The National Road
List two new transportation inventions of the early 1800s?
What old technology was used for transportation in many states in the early 1800s.
What was the longest and most famous canal of the 1820s?
Through which state did the Erie Canal travel?
New York, from Albany on the Hudson River to Lake Erie.
What was the first railroad locomotive in America called?
Cooper's Tom Thumb
By the 1800s, what crop became most important on Southern Plantations?
What allowed for the planting of cotton to become profitable.
List three cities in the southern states in the 1820s.
This state would enter the Union as a slave state in 1820.
This state would enter the Union as a free state in 1820.
Slavery would be allowed southern portion of the the Louisiana Purchase by the _____.
Compromise of 1820 or Missouri Compriomise
How many free blacks lived in the south by 1860?
How many black slaves lived in the south by 1860?
3 1/2 million
What two major slave rebellions occured in the first 50 years of the United States
Vesey and Nat Turner's rebellion
In American slave culture, _____ was the only element that allowed a sense of freedom.
what were the two type of slave economies
Gang Slave Labor
Task Slave Labor
What was the leader of a Slave Gang called?