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Flashcards in Euthanasia Deck (26)
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1
Q

what are the 2 main factors why an animal may be presented for anaesthesia?

A

animal factors

owner factors

2
Q

what animal factors may cause them to be presented for euthanasia?

A

end of life
quality of life
inability to accept medication/treatment
difficult or unmanageable behaviours

3
Q

what owner factors may cause animals to be presented for euthanasia?

A

Inappropriate/incorrect expectations – ‘wrong’ species/breed
Financial difficulties
‘Unwanted’ animals – family disputes/impulse acquisition/failure to fulfil function/apparently trivial excuses (hair shedding…)
Circumstances – moving/emigrating/loss of family members/owner illness/allergy
Significant ethical stances about illness
Legal obligation – Dangerous Dogs Act

4
Q

define loss

A

an ending or point of change or transition

5
Q

define bereavement

A

loss of a significant other’

6
Q

define grief

A

Reaction to loss

7
Q

what are the main types of loss?

A

Primary
Secondary
Ambiguous
Symbolic

8
Q

what is primary loss?

A

loss of animal themselves

9
Q

what is secondary loss?

A

disruption and stress as a result of the loss

any associations

10
Q

what is ambiguous loss?

A

loss where there have been questions over outcome (e.g. pet is missing or owner doesn’t understand why they died)

11
Q

what is symbolic loss?

A

primary loss is linked to others

12
Q

what is the main model of grief?

A

Khubler-Ross

13
Q

what are the main conclusions of models that have been made of grief?

A

huge range of normal emotional responses
descriptions are of a model rather than an obligatory process
grief is an individual journey

14
Q

what are the Khubler-Ross 5 stages of grief?

A
denial
anger
bargaining
depression
acceptance
15
Q

what are the main symptoms of grief?

A

shock (numbness, disbelief, hysteria)
protest (sadness, anger, guilt, preoocupation)
disorganisation (confusion, apathy, depression)
reorgansiation (control over memories, pleasure in rememberance)

16
Q

what are the 3 main determinants of grief?

A

features of relationship
features of death
personal circumstances

17
Q

what features of a relationship may determine grief experience?

A

special animal
strong attachment
perceived social support
ambivalence towards dead individual (may intensify grief)

18
Q

what features of death may determine grief?

A

sudden or unexpected (animal is young/illness short)
death traumatic or violent
associated with prophylactic surgery
uncertainty over whether death has occurred (missing pet)
when death was potentially avoidable
when demanded by law
death accompanied by other significant losses

19
Q

what make make an animal particularly special to the owner?

A
character
personality
links to past or other people
rescued animals
lengthy illness that needed nursing
20
Q

what personal circumstances may determine grief?

A
age, sex, life stage and health
financial issues
other stresses/life crises
previous losses
parallels with own or family member's illness
personality - tendency to depressive illness
perceived need to hide feelings
religious beliefs
options for future
21
Q

what types of grief are especially associated with the human animal bond?

A

anticipatory grief

responsibility grief

22
Q

when does anticipatory grief occur?

A

first sign of deterioration or at diagnosis

23
Q

what is responsibility grief?

A

distinctive category associated with animal loss

24
Q

what is responsibility grief linked to?

A

possibility of euthanasia for animals in our care

staff and owner hold responsibility for the decision

25
Q

what grief may be seen in veterinary staff?

A

responsibility grief

26
Q

what specific demands are placed on veterinary professionals by anticipatory and responsibility grief?

A

communication with owner and collegues

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