Flashcards in Final 6 Deck (15):
What are the self-conscious emotions in middle childhood?
Pride and guilt
What is problem-centered coping?
Used when situation is seen as unchangeable. Identify the difficulty and decide what to do about it.
What is emotion-centered coping?
Used if problem-centered coping does not work. Situation is seen as unchangeable. Internal and private control of distress.
Good emotional regulation leads to what?
Emotional self-efficacy (in control of emotional experiences)
Poorly emotionally regulated children are ...?
Overwhelmed by negative emotions. They can't empathize or acquire prosocial behaviour.
Is emotional regulation culture specific?
Yes. In general, collectivist cultures put more emphasis on emotions. Individualistic ones focus on controlling behaviour rather than emotions.
In middle childhood, what are the major advances in perspective taking?
Self concept, self-esteem, understanding of others, increasing social skills.
What contributes to perspective taking?
Both adults' and peers' explanations of their viewpoints contribute to children's perspective taking.
Selman's stages of perspective taking - SEE CHART IN PP.
Level 0 - 4.
See "growing moral understandings" graph in PP.
What is important about understanding individual rights?
Ideas of personal choice enhance children's moral understanding. Older school-age children put limits of individual choice and typically decide in favour of fairness, resulting in a general decline in prejudice.
When do children embrace their culturally transmitted religion?
Middle childhood. They assign anthropomorphic qualities to God (concrete and understandable).
What cultures have a more humanlike view of religion?
Morons, lutherans, mennonites, catholics, etc.
What cultures have a less humanlike view of religion? (more spiritual than humanlike)
Unitarians and jews