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Flashcards in Post Midterm - 3 Deck (13):
1

Piagets Cognitive-Developmental Theory: Sensorimotor stage:

Spans the first two years of life. Organized ways of making sense of experience, called schemes, change with age.

2

What is adaptation? And what two parts are included in adaptation?

Building schemes. Assimilation and Accommodation.

3

What is assimilation?

Using current schemes to interpret external world.

4

What is accommodation?

Adjusting old schemes and creating new ones to better fit environment.

5

What is equilibrium and disequilibrium?

Using assimilating during equilibrium, disequilibrium prompts accommodation.

6

What is organization?

Internal rearranging and linking schemes.

7

What is the sensorimotor stage?

Birth to 2 years, divided into six substages. Building schemes through sensory and motor exploration. Circular reactions- stumbling upon a new experience caused by the baby's own motor activity.

8

Piagets sensorimotor substages -

Check in text/ table in notes

9

What is intentional behaviour? When does it occur?

Goal-directed behaviour. Developers in substage 4.

10

When does object permanence occur?

Some researchers have found evidence for object permanence in the first few months of life.

11

Violation of expectation

Check textbook

12

What are mental representations?

Internal, mental depictions of objects, people, events, information. Can manipulate with mind. Allow deferred imitation and make-believe-play.

13

When does deferred imitation occur?

Piaget says it develops at about 18 months. Newer research says it's present at 6 weeks (facial imitation). Check pp slides for more info.