Post Midterm - 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Post Midterm - 8 Deck (16):
1

What predicts attachment security pertaining to fathers?

Paternal sensitive caregiving and interactional synchrony. Fathers often build attachments through play.

2

What is happening with young fathers involvement with their children?

Increasing each year

3

Check graphs on slides

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4

How many children live in skipped-generation families? What is that?

2.4 million. They are families with grandparents as the primary caregivers continue to increase. Grandparent caregivers form significant attachment relationships with grandchildren in spite of problems.

5

Secure attachment often related to positive outcomes in...?

Preschool and middle school.

6

What may link infant attachment and later development?

Continuity of caregiving.

7

Effects of early attachment security are _________ and _________ upon the quality future relationships.

Conditional and dependent

8

In the beginning, how is self-awareness of the infant?

They have a sense of self as a distinct agent, separate from the surrounding world, but it is limited.

9

How old does an infant have to be to understand their qualities that make them unique (self-recognition)?

20 months

10

How old do infants have to be to learn that their own goals frequently conflict with those of others?

End of the first year

11

When does empathy emerge?

Emerges at the end of the first year, and improves through early childhood.

12

What influences emergence of self-awareness behaviours?

Cultural variations

13

What age are infants capable of compliance?

12 and 18 months

14

How do toddlers assert autonomy?

By not complying

15

What increases compliance in children?

Warm, sensitive caregiving

16

How can you help toddlers develop compliance and self-control?

Respond with sensitivity and support, give advance for notice of change, offer many prompts and reminders, reinforce behaviour, support language development, increase rules gradually.