Flashcards in Final 8 Deck (14):
When does gender typing happen in middle childhood?
Begins at age 5
How do middle childhood children view different skills?
See reading and music as feminine, see math, athletics and mechanical skills as masculine.
What do girls often think of the gender stereotype of who is smart?
Generally adopt a stereotype that males are smarter.
What are school-age girls ratings of math ability of children and adults?
Men have the highest rating.
How are gender traits like in middle childhood?
Traits are adult-like by age 11. More interest in how the opposite gender experiences the world.
What happens with gender typing in middle childhood?
More flexible about behaviour by age 11. They realize that a person's sex does not predict traits or behaviours. Also realize certain violations are more tolerable than others.
What do grades 6/7 boys say about gender and ethnicity?
It is more okay to exclude on the basis of gender than ethnicity.
What strengthens during middle childhood (about gender differences)
Sex segregated peer associations strengthen during middle years. This reinforces gender typing.
What are the cultural factors with gender typing?
Different cultures places different emphasis on typing. Can lead to cultural clashes.
What is gender identity like from grades 3-6?
Boys - more masculine, harsh about violations.
Girls - less feminine until puberty, will experiment with a wide range of options.
What is an explanation for girls being less feminine until puberty?
Society may attach greater prestige to "masculine" characteristics.
What is gender identity and behaviour formed by?
Gender typicality, gender contentedness, pressure to conform to gender roles.
Between grades 4-10, what grade thinks its ok to exclude on the basis of gender?
Grade 10 is highest. Grade 4 is lowest.